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研究生:劉俊宏
研究生(外文):Chun-Hung Liu
論文名稱:應用模糊理論於GPS/GSM定位系統
論文名稱(外文):GPS/GSM Positioning Systems Design with Fuzzy Logic
指導教授:陳杏圓
指導教授(外文):Hsin-Yuan Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:自動控制工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:GSMGPS定位系統
外文關鍵詞:GPSPositioning SystemsGSM
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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本論文介紹了對無線定位系統的實際意義和前景,並指出目前已發展的幾種定位技術,對各自技術的優劣加以對比,並提出了一嶄新的混合式定位系統。由於現行的Global Positioning System (GPS)定位系統對於室內定位仍然是無法克服,而現行的 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)定位系統可彌補GPS在某些環境無法定位的缺陷,但GSM定位系統之精度仍嫌不足。所以本文提出一利用模糊邏輯為基礎之GPS/GSM混合式定位系統,而本文主要貢獻為(1)結合GPS與GSM定位系統之優點,建構一系統化的定位系統,使得使用者於室內與室外均可以運用精確的定位,(2)引入模糊理論,建構一系統化的鑑別系統,其功用在於判別何種環境採行GPS定位系統或GSM定位系統,(3) 提供一嶄新數值方法來分析GPS的定位誤差,(4)藉由模糊理論來改善GPS定位系統之定位精度,(4)利用不同的環境參數及誤差參數來分析此一新架構之GSM定位系統部分,(5)對現有無線定位技術與此新架構的無線定位系統之優缺點進行比較,提供無線定位系統更具可開發與實用性之建議。
Global Positioning System (GPS) is based on a satellite system. Much work has been carried out on a non-satellite positioning systems using the existing Global System of Mobile Communications (GSM) infrastructure. This leads to a GPS/GSM positioning systems in this thesis. We purpose to adopt GSM for positioning via an integrated switch design with fuzzy logic, if GPS lose efficacy. This induces four main research features in the thesis:(I)Designs with optimal-based Fourier analyzer to achieve error of GPS decrease is presented.(II)New applications of fuzzy set theory is presented to solve the problem of GPS accuracy.(III)An integrated switch of fuzzy logic is designed for selecting GPS or GSM positioning systems.(IV)Discussions on various GSM positioning methods is adopted with different error and location parameters of environment. For numerical simulations and PC-based experiments, the accuracy of GPS has been improved by presented methods in this thesis. GSM positioning using five methods are given and their performance is analyzed and compared via numerical simulations.
致謝…………………………………………………………………………………….i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………...iii
Contents……………………………………………………………………………….iv
List of Table vi
List of Figures vii
Chapter 1 Introductory Chapter 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Literature Review 1
1.3 Motivation 3
1.4 Purpose and Contribution 4
1.5 Organization of the Thesis 4
Chapter 2 Global Positioning System 7
2.1 Overview of GPS 7
2.2 GPS System Architecture 8
2.3 GPS Satellite Signals 9
2.4 Principle of GPS Positioning 11
2.5 GPS Error Sources 18
2.6 The relationship with Accuracy and DOP 18
2.7 An Error Study on GPS-Based Navigation 19
Chapter 3 Global System for Mobile Communication 28
3.1 Overview of GSM System 28
3.2 GSM System Architecture 29
3.3 GSM Specifications 31
3.3.1 GSM Subscriber Services 33
3.3.2 Supplementary Services 35
3.4 Principle of GSM Positioning 36
3.4.1 Cell Identification 37
3.4.2 Signal strength 38
3.4.3 Angle of Arrival 40
3.4.4 Time of Arrival 41
3.4.5 Time Difference of Arrival 43
3.4.6 Hybrid TDOA/AOA 43
3.5 Simulated Procedure of GSM Positioning System 46
Chapter 4 The Fuzzy Theory 51
4.1 Overview of Fuzzy Theory 52
4.2 Fuzzy Logic Theory 52
4.2.1 Fuzzification 53
4.2.2 Knowledge base 53
4.2.3 Decision-making logic 54
4.2.4 Defuzzification 56
4.3 Fuzzy processing on GPS data 57
4.3.1 GDOP and SNR 57
4.3.2 The Architecture of the Processing 58
4.3.3 Fuzzy Processing 58
4.4 An Integrated Switch of GPS/GSM 60
4.4.1 The Architecture of the Processing 60
4.4.2 Fuzzy Processing 61
Chapter 5 Numerical and Experimental Results 70
5.1 GPS Positioning Accuracy 71
5.1.1 GPS Receiver and Data Collection 71
5.1.2 Fuzzy System Design 72
5.2 Numerical Computational Approach of GPS 75
5.3 Experimental Processes of the Integrated Switch 76
5.4 GSM Positioning Accuracy 78
5.4.1 Simulated Processes in GSM positioning methods 78
5.4.2 Experimental Results and Analysis 79
Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future Works 96
References 99
Publications List 105
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