( 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/28 03:37
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  


研究生(外文):Christine Yi-hsiu Hsieh
論文名稱(外文):“You are free to reinvent yourself”: Margaret Atwood’s The Blind Assassin as a Feminist Historiographic Metafiction
指導教授(外文):Kate Chi-wen Liu
外文關鍵詞:Margaret AtwoodFeminismHistoriographic MetafictionLinda HutcheonCapitalismexploitationclassofficial discoursehistory
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:555
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:65
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:6
本論文以一女性歷史後設小說的角度來閱讀瑪格麗特‧愛特伍德(Margaret Atwood)的小說《盲眼刺客》(The Blind Assassin)。小說中的女主角艾莉絲(Iris)藉由重建自己的歷史以重拾自我、建立一女性社群。她的論述與大眾論述相抗衡,尤其與官方歷史書寫形成對比。此研究立論於琳達‧胡瓊(Linda Hutcheon)對歷史後設小說的定義以及詮釋,並結合後現代女性主義的觀點,進而闡述主要的論點:艾莉絲的個人歷史具有多重文本的特性,表面看起來似乎是由不同敘述者在其中建構故事,但所有的故事總體的看,其實是一部女性生活在資本主義和父權社會中的歷史,並且從女性的角度呈現資本主義對女性的剝削。

This thesis examines how Margaret Atwood’s novel, The Blind Assassin, is a feminist historiographic metafiction in which Iris, the protagonist, achieves self-assertion and builds female bonding, and how it serves as a resistance to public discourse, especially in terms of the official history-writing. Based on Linda Hutcheon’s definition and discussion of the genre, historiographic metafiction, and combined with it a postmodern feminist point of view, this thesis argues that Iris’s personal history is one with multiple texts that forms a collective history of women’s lives in a capitalist and patriarchal society and presents a feminist commentary on the capitalist exploitation of women.
This thesis is divided into two chapters with an introduction, and a conclusion. Besides explaining my motivation in choosing The Blind Assassin as the only text to be analyzed, the introduction presents the main argument and the basic thesis structure—the first chapter focuses on writing as personal accomplishment for Iris; the second chapter puts Iris’s personal history in the context of significant historical moments to show Iris’s or the author’s historical knowledge in constructing a feminist capitalist history. The first chapter discusses Iris’s life in three stages. The first stage is about the forming of her self-denial characteristic learning from her mother figures till her marriage with Richard. The second stage begins with her earlier writings in which she starts to deal with her own desire, the inner self she used to repress. After the death of her sister, Laura, Iris recognizes her “blindness” to others’ sufferings and then starts to live a life independently which marks the beginning of the third stage. By reconstructing her personal history, Iris also challenges the public discourse by showing other women the possibilities of living outside the patriarchal power structure and the refrains of any official discourse. The second chapter explores all narratives in the novel respectively and comparatively in terms of their collective function in revealing a history of exploitation of women in the patriarchal and capitalist society. With connecting motifs, wars and the blind assassin, those narratives form a history of capitalism from a woman’s perspective. Atwood has her protagonist, Iris, reveal how a capitalist system works in a society and manifest another possibility out of capitalist control in aging Iris’s daily life. Other than summarizing the main points, the conclusion ends with more about the meaning of the term “the blind assassin” and the life of the old Iris.

Introduction 1
Chapter One Writing as Self-Assertion and Resistance to Official Discourse 16
(I) Writing as a Way to Understand Feminine Self Denial 19
(II) Writing as an Escape, Self-Fulfillment, and Recording Growth 29
(III) Resistance to Official Discourse 36

Chapter Two Alternative Feminist Historiography of Capitalism 44
(I) Feminist Alternative History and Connecting Motifs— 47
The Blind Assassin and Wars
(II) The Critique of Capitalism in Each Narrative 53

Conclusion 73

Works Cited 84
Works Cited
Atwood, Margaret. The Edible Woman. London: Virago, 1980.
---. Lady Oracle. Toronto: Seal, 1977.
---. The Handmaid’s Tale. Toronto: Seal, 1986.
---. The Robber Bride. Toronto: Seal, 1994.
---. Surfacing. New York: Anchor, 1998.
---. The Blind Assassin. New York: Anchor, 2001.
Bouson, J. Brooks. “A Commemoration of Wounds Endured and Resented”: Margaret Atwood’s The Blind Assassin as Feminist Memoir.” Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 44.3 (2003): 251-69.
Davies, Rebecca J. Lancet. “Dissecting the Narrative.” Academic Search Premier. 13 August 2004 <http://library.webster.edu/database.html>
Gay Du, Paul, ed. Production of Culture/Cultures of Production. London: Open University, 1997.
Gussow, Mel. “An Inner Eye That Sheds Light on Life's Mysteries.” The New York Times. 10 October 2000. <http://www.nytimes.com/pages/index.html>
Hutcheon, Linda. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. New York: Routledge, 1988.
Ingersoll, Earl. “Waiting for the End: Closure in Margaret Atwood’s The Blind Assassin.” Studies in the Novel 35.4 (Winter 2003): 543-57.
Lee, Alison. Realism and Power: Postmodern British Fiction. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Loader, James. “Unlocking the Creative Trunk.” Time Europe. 20 November 2000 < http://www.time.com/time/europe/ >.
---, ed. Critical Essays on Margaret Atwood. Boston: G.K. Hall,
Michael, Magali Cornier. Feminism and the Postmodern Fiction: Post-World War II Fiction. NY: State U of New York P, 1996.
Prentice, Alison, et al. Canadian Women: A History. Toronto: Harcout Brace Jovanovich, 1988.
Staels, Hilde. “Atwood’s Specular Narrative: The Blind Assassin.” English Studies 85.2 (April 2004): 147-60.
Saunders, Peter. Capitalism: A Social Audit. Buckingham: UP of Open, 1995.
Stein, Karen F. Margaret Atwood Revisited. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1999.
Sylge, Caroline. “The Creative Canadian- an Interview With Margaret Atwood” Caroline Sylge Writes. 20 June 2001 <http://www.carolinesylge.com/writes.php>.
Taras, David., and Beverly Rasporich, eds. A Passion for Identity: An Introduction to Canadian Studies. 3rd ed. Toronto: Nelson, 1997.
Walker, Nancy A. Feminist Alternatives: Irony and Fantasy in the Contemporary Novel by Women. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1990.
Waugh, Patricia. Feminine Fictions: Revisiting the Postmodern. New York: Routledge, 1989.
Wilson, Sharon Rose. “Margaret Atwood and Popular Culture: The Blind Assassin and Other Novels.” Journal of American & Comparative Cultures. 25. 3-4 (Fall 2002): 270-75. 12 March 2005 <http://search.epnet.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=9648728&lang=zh>.

Works Consulted
Atwood, Margaret. Negotiating with the Dead: a Writer on Writing. New York: Cambridge, 2002.
---, Oryx and Crake. New York: Nan A. Talese, 2003.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Margaret Atwood. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2001.
Blodgett, Harriet. “Mimesis and Metaphor: Food Imagery in International Twentieth-Century Women’s Writing.” Papers on Language and Literature 40.3 (Summer 2004): 260-96.
Howells, Coral Ann. Margaret Atwood. New York: St. Martin’s, 1995.
Hengen, Shannon Eileen. Margaret Atwood’s Power: Mirrors, Reflections and Images in Select Fiction and Poetry. Toronto: Second Story, 1993.
Hutcheon, Linda. A Politics of Postmodernism. New York: Routledge, 1989.
---. The Canadian Postmodern: A Study of Contemporary English-Canadian Fiction. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
Irvine, Lorna. “Secrecy in Literature; Atwood, Margaret” Contemporary Literature 29.2: 265-77.
Kuester, Martin. Framing Truths: Parodic Structures in Contemporary English-Canadian Historical Novels. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1992.
Marx, Karl, et al. Capital. New York: International, 1987.
McCombs, Judith. Margaret Atwood: a Reference Guide. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1991.
Nicholson, Colin, ed. Margaret Atwood: Writing and Subjectivity. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
Nischik, Reingard M. Margaret Atwood: Works and Impact. New York: Camden House, 2000.
Parkin-Gounelas, Ruth. “‘What isn’t There in Margaret Atwood’s The Blind Assassin: the Psychoanalysis of Duplicity.” Modern Fiction Studies 50.3 (Fall 2004): 681-701.
Pearlman, Mickey. Canadian Women Writing Fiction. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1993.
Rigney, Barbara Hill. Margaret Atwood. New Jersey: Barnes & Noble, 1987.
The Margaret Atwood Society. 22 April 2005 <http://www.mscd.edu/~atwoodso/index.htm>.
The Margaret Atwood Reference Site. 10 April 2005 <http://www.owtoad.com/>.
Wilson, Sharon Rose. Margaret Atwood’s Fairy-Tale Sexual Politics. Jackson: UP
of Mississippi, 1993.
---. Margaret Atwood’s Textual Assassinations: Recent Poetry and Fiction. Columbus: U of Ohio State P, 2003.
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔