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研究生:陳進益
研究生(外文):Chen, Vidocq Jin-yi
論文名稱:聯合國維持和平行動類型之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of the type of UN Peace-keeping operations
指導教授:林碧炤林碧炤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Bi-jaw
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:401
中文關鍵詞:聯合國維持和平行動維持和平行動維和行動維持和平製造和平重建和平
外文關鍵詞:UN Peacekeeping OperationsPeacekeeping OperationsPKOPeace-keepingPeace-makingPeace-building
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
  • 點閱點閱:990
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:147
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
聯合國維持和平行動自1948年至今(2004),已經成立了五十九次行動。本文為這五十九次行動的內容作一分類,提出「維持和平」(Peace-keeping)、「製造和平」(Peace-making)、「重建和平」(Ppeace-building)三大類型。每一次的聯合國維和行動其任務內容有涵蓋一類者,也有同時或前後涵蓋兩類者,也有同時或前後涵蓋三類者,再進一步根據維和行動的成立背景、聯合國安理會的授權、與維和行動執行的實際內容,來歸納整理這三類型的維和行動。
本文除了序論與結論外,內容簡介如下:
第二章簡述聯合國維持和平行動的發展,從其起源到冷戰期間和後冷戰期間的轉變。
第三章回顧有關維和行動的相關類型定義。有關維和行動的類型定義多見於和平研究中,並且在後冷戰時期始多這方面的研究。本章並整理歸納各家的分類及其定義,以為「維持和平」、「製造和平」和「重建和平」下一個通盤的定義。
第四章至第六章則分別探討「維持和平」、「製造和平」和「重建和平」三種維和行動類型的內涵。每一類型再劃分其執行的次要類項,在每一個次要類項中逐一探討每一次聯合國維和行動的成立背景和經過、安理會的授權內容和實際上的運作情形。「維持和平」的次要類項包括監視停火/停戰/撤軍/脫離戰鬥協議、駐守緩衝區/安全區/非軍事區、監視警察的值勤、預防部署部隊;「製造和平」的次要類項包括提供安全維護/使用武力、監視自由公平的民主選舉、監視/協助國家行政單位的正常化、協助恢復法律與秩序、監視人權/建立保護人權能力、提供人道援助/清除地雷、解除武裝/復員/遣返/重新安置和重返社會;「重建和平」的次要類項包括透過選舉成立民主新政府、臨時統治/行政機構、民事行政管理、協助建立現代化軍隊、協助建立民警部隊/司法體系、建立人權保障制度、基礎設施/經濟重建、資訊/宣傳
第七章則進一步探討影響維和行動內容演變的因素,分聯合國內、外因素來一一加以說明。最後並比較「維持和平」、「製造和平」和「重建和平」三種維和行動類型的演變過程。
第一章 序論1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究範圍與限制 6
第四節 研究方法與架構 10
第二章 聯合國維持和平行動之起源與發展 13
第一節 聯合國維持和平行動的起源 13
第二節 冷戰時期聯合國維持和平行動的發展 17
第三節 後冷戰時期聯合國維持和平行動的轉變 21
第四節 當今的聯合國維和行動之現況 30
第三章 維持和平行動的理論與類型 34
第一節 「和平研究」中的維持和平行動 35
第二節 蓋里的《和平議程》關於維持和平行動之分類及其定義 39
第三節 學者對於維持和平行動之分類及其定義 40
第四節 維持和平行動不同定義的比較與整理 57
第四章 聯合國維持和平行動類型一:「維持和平」(Peace-keeping) 65
第一節 「維持和平」的定義及其內容 65
第二節 監視查核停火/停戰/撤軍/脫離戰鬥協議 67
第三節 駐守緩衝區/安全區/非軍事區 108
第四節 監視警察的值勤 120
第五節 預防部署部隊:「聯合國預防部署部隊」(UNPREDEP) 124
第五章 聯合國維持和平行動類型二:「製造和平」(Peace-making) 127
第一節 「製造和平」的定義及其內容 127
第二節 提供安全維護/使用武力 129
第三節 監視自由公平的民主選舉 160
第四節 監視/協助國家行政單位的正常化 176
第五節 協助恢復法律與秩序 183
第五節 協助恢復法律與秩序 190
第七節 提供人道援助/清除地雷 193
第八節 解除武裝、復員、遣返、重新安置和重返社會 208
第六章 聯合國維持和平行動類型三:「重建和平」(Peace-building) 215
第一節 「重建和平」的定義及其內容 215
第二節 臨時統治/行政機構 217
第三節 透過選舉成立民主新政府 234
第四節 民事行政管理 239
第五節 協助建立現代化軍隊 242
第六節 協助建立民警部隊/司法體系 245
第七節 建立人權保障制度:「聯合國柬埔寨過渡時期權力機構」(UNTAC) 265
第八節 基礎設施/經濟重建 266
第九節 資訊/宣傳 269
第七章 聯合國維持和平行動類型的演變之因素與比較 271
第一節 國際環境的變遷以及衝突本質的改變 271
第二節 聯合國安全理事會的運作與美國的政策 275
第三節 聯合國秘書長的角色扮演 279
第四節 比較聯合國維持和平行動類型的轉變 284
第八章 結論 298
一、文獻中對維和行動類型的探討 298
二、本文對維和行動類型的探討與結果 299
三、對維和行動任務內容幾項特徵的觀察 300
四、未來維和行動任務內容的發展趨勢 302
參考文獻 304
一、書籍 304
二、期刊 310
三、官方文件 313
附錄一:聯合國維和行動(1948-2004)基本資料 332
附錄二:聯合國維和行動(1948-2004)涵括類型一覽表 352
附錄三:聯合國維和行動(1948-2004)類型一--「維持和平」一覽表 357
附錄四:聯合國維和行動(1948-2004)類型二--「製造和平」一覽表 367
附錄五:聯合國維和行動(1948-2004)類型三--「重建和平」一覽表 381
附錄六:《聯合國憲章》相關條文 390
圖表、表格目錄
圖表一:維和行動之演變與類型之關係 4
圖表二:維和行動內容之可能情形 5
圖表三:維和行動類型之分析內容 5
圖表四:本文研究架構圖 12
圖表五:GarethEvans的維和行動類型關係圖 47
圖表六:聯合國維和行動類型與衝突階段之關係 61
表格一:聯合國維和行動(1948-2004) 6
表格二:冷戰期間(1948年-1987年)十三次聯合國維和行動的性質 20
表格三:1988-1991年成立的十次聯合國維和行動 24
表格四:1992年成立的四次聯合國維和行動 26
表格五:1993年成立的六次聯合國維和行動 27
表格六:1994-1998年成立的十六次聯合國維和行動 30
表格七:當今聯合國維和行動(-2004) 31
表格八:維和行動類型的不同定義 59
表格九:維和行動三類型的內容 62
表格十:歷次聯合國維和行動(1948-2004)涵括的類型 62
表格十一:歷次聯合國維和行動部署地區的衝突性質 273
表格十二:歷任聯合國秘書長任期與歷次聯合國維和行動對照表 282
表格十三:維和行動成立根據的停火/停戰/撤軍/脫離戰鬥協議 285
表格十四:歷次援引《憲章》第七章成立的維和行動 289
表格十五:歷次維和行動監視過的選舉 291
表格十六:維和行動中解除武裝、復員、遣返、重新安置和重返社會的獨立計畫
方案 294
表格十七:歷次維和行動辦理過的選舉 295
表格十八:「重建和平」執行項目的演變 296
表格十九:1999年以來成立的十次維和行動針對的衝突性質 300
表格二十:1999年以來成立的十次維和行動的人數 301
一、書籍
(一)中文
周 煦,聯合國與國際政治,台北:黎明文化,民國八十二年。
林碧炤,國際政治與外交政策,台北:五南,民國八十六年。
楊永明,國際安全與國際法,台北:元照,民國九十二年。
宋燕輝、焦興鎧編,聯合國與歐美國家論文集,台北:中央研究院歐美研究所,民國八十六年。
(二)英文
Adebajo, Adekeye, and Chandra Lekha, Sriram eds., Managing Armed Conflicts in the 21st Century (London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001).
Allin, Dana H., NATO’s Balkan Interventions (London; New York: Oxford University Press for The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002).
Benton, Barbara ed., Soldiers for Peace: Fifty Years of United Nations Peacekeeping (New York: Facts on File, 1996).
Bothe, Michael and Thomas, Dörschel eds., UN Peacekeeping: A Documentary Introduction (The Hague; London; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1999).
Boulding Elise ed., New Agendas for Peace Research: Conflict and Security Reexamined (Boulder, Colo.: L. Rienner Publishers, 1992).
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros, An Agenda for Peace: Preventive Diplomacy, Peacemaking and Peacekeeping (New York: UN Department of Public Information, 1992).
Childers, Erskine and Urquhart, Brian, Renewing the United Nations System (Uppsala: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, 1994).
Chopra, Jarat ed., The Politics of Peace-Maintenance (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998).
Clements, Kevin and Ward, Robin eds., Building International Community: Cooperating for Peace Case Studies (Canberra: Allen & Unwin, 1994).
Cousens, Elizabeth M., Kumar, Chetan and Wermester, Karin eds., Peacebuilding as Politics: Cultivating Peace in Fragile Societies (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001).
Diehl, Paul F., International Peacekeeping (Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).
Durch, William J. ed., The Evolution of UN Peacekeeping: Case Studies And Comparative Analysis (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 1993).
Durch, William J. ed., UN Peacekeeping, American Politics, and the Uncivil Wars of the 1990s (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1996).
Eknes, Åg, Blue Helmets in a Blown Mission? UNPROFOR in Former Yugoslavia (Oslo: Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, 1993).
Evans, Gareth, Cooperating for Peace: The Global Agenda for the 1990's And Beyond (St. Leonards, N.S.W., Australia: Allen & Unwin, 1993).
Fetherston, A. Betts, Towards a Theory of Nations Peacekeeping (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994).
Findlay, Trevor ed., Challenges for the New Peacekeepers (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Fishel, John T. ed., The Savage Wars of Peace: Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998).
Furley, Oliver and May, Roy eds., African Interventionist States (Aldershot; Burlington [USA]; Singapore; Sydney: Ashgate, 2001).
Furley, Oliver and May, Roy eds., Peacekeeping in Africa (Aldershot, Hants, England; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1998).
Galtung, Johan, Peace, War and Defense—Essays in Peace Research Vol.2 (Copenhagen: Christian Ejlers, 1975).
Goldman, Ralph M. and Hardman, Willard M., Building Trust: An Introduction to Peacekeeping And Arms Control (Aldershot, Hants, England; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1997).
Gordon, D. S. and Toase F. H. eds., Aspects of Peacekeeping (London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001).
Gray, Christine, International Law and the Use of Force (Oxford [England]; Oxford University Press, 2000).
Hill, Stephen M. and Malik, Shahin P., Peacekeeping and the United Nations (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1996).
Hirsch, John L. and Oakley, Robert, Somalia and Operation Restore Hope: Reflections on Peacemaking and Peacekeeping (Washington, DC: United State Institute for Peace, 1995).
International Peace Academy, The Peacekeeper’s Handbook (New York: Pergamon Press, 1984).
James, Alan, Peacekeeping in International Politics (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan in Association with the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), 1990).
Jeong, Ho-Won ed., The New Agenda for Peace Research (Aldershot, Hants, England; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1999).
Jett, Dennis C., Why Peacekeeping Fails (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999).
Keren, Michael and Sylvan, Donald A. eds., International Intervention: Sovereignty Versus Responsibility (Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2002).
Klare, Michael T. and Chandrani, Yogesh eds., World Security: Challenges for a New Century (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998).
Lehmann, Ingrid A., Peacekeeping and Public Information: Caught in the Crossfire (London; Portland, Or.: Frank Cass, 1999).
Liu, F. T., United Nations Peacekeeping and the Non-use of Force (Boulder: L. Rienner Publishers, 1992).
Lynch, Dov, Russian Peacekeeping Strategies in the CIS: The Case of Mildova, Georgia, and Tajikistan (Basingstoke, Hampshire [England]; New York: Palgrave, 2000).
MacKinnon, Michael G., The Evolution of US Peacekeeping Policy Under Clinton (London: Frank Cass, 2000).
Macqueen, Norrie, The United Nations Since 1945: Peacekeeping and the Cold War (London; New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 1999).
McCoubrey, Hilaire and Morris, Justin, Regional Peacekeeping in the Post-Cold War Era (The Hague; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000).
Moxon-Browne, Edward ed., A Future for Peacekeeping? (Basingstoke, Hampshire [England]: Macmillian Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998).
Olonisakin, ‘Funmi, Reinventing Peacekeeping in Africa: Conceptual and Legal Issues in ECOMOG Operations (The Hague; London; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000).
Osman, Mohamed Awad, The United Nations and Peace Enforcement: Wars, Terrorism and Democracy (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002).
Otunnu, Olara A. and Doyle Michael eds., Peacemaking and Peacekeeping for the Next Century (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1998).
Pfaff, Tony, Peacekeeping and the Just War Tradition (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2000).
Pugh, Michael ed., The UN, Peace, and Force (London; Portland, Or.: Frank Cass, 1997).
Righter, Rosemary, Utopia Lost: The United Nations and World Order (New York: The Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1995).
Rosner, Gabrielle, The United Nations Emergency Force (New York: Columbia University Press, 1963).
Siekmann, Robert C. R., Basic Documents on United Nations and Related Peace-keeping Forces (Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff; Norwell, MA, USA: Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Kluwer Academic, 1989).
Siekmann, Robert C. R., National Contingents in United Nations Peace-keeping Forces (Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff; Norwell, MA, U.S.A.: Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Kluwer Academic, 1991)
Skogmo, Bjørn, UNIFIL: International Peacekeeping in Lebanon, 1978-1988 (Boulder, Colo.: L. Rienner Publishers, 1989).
Staley II, Robert Stephens, The Wave of the Future: The United Nations and Naval Peacekeeping (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1992).
The Blue Helmets: A Review of United Nations Peace-keeping (New York: United Nations Department of Public Information, 1996).
The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), The Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) of Singapore and The Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA), The Reform Process of United Nations Peace Operations: Debriefing and Lessons: Report of the 2001 Singapore Conference (The Hague; London; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2001).
The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), The Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) of Singapore and The Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA), The Nexus between Peacekeeping and Peace-building: Debriefing and Lessons: Report of the 1999 Singapore Conference (The Hague; London; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000).
UN, The Blue Helmet: A Review of United Nations Peace-keeping, 2nd ed. (United Nations: New York, 1990).
Wallensteen, Peter, International Intervention: New Norms in the Post-cold War Era? (Uppsala: Uppsala University, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research, 1997).
Weller, M. ed, Regional Peace-keeping and International Enforcement: The Liberian Crisis (Cambridge, [England]; New York: Grotius Publications, 1994).
White, Brian, Little, Richard, and Smith, Michael eds., Issues in World Politics (Basingstoke, Hampshire [England]: Macmillian Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997).
Whitman, Jim ed., Peacekeeping and the UN Agencies (London: Frank Cass, 1999).
Wiess, Thomas G., Military-Civilian Interactions: Intervening in Humanitarian Crises (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999).
Williams, Michael C., Civil-military Relations and Peacekeeping (Oxford [U.K.]; New York: Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1998).
Wiseman, Henry, Peacekeeping, Appraisals & Proposals (New York: Pergamon Press, 1983).
Woodhouse, Tom and Ramsbotham, Oliver, eds., Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution (London: Frank Cass, 2000).
Woodhouse, Tom, Bruce, Robert, and Dando, Malcolm eds., Peacekeeping and Peacemaking: Toward Effective Intervention in Post-Cold War Conflict (Basingstoke, Hampshire [England]: Macmillian Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998).
二、期刊
(一)中文
Garwin, Richard L.著、林孝庭摘譯,「聯合國維持和平與解決衝突之角色」,國家政策(動態分析)雙週刊,第一百一十二期(民國八十四年五月十六日),頁9-10。
Gorjao, Paulo著、許瑞文譯,「聯合國駐東帝汶過渡政府的貢獻與教訓」,海華與東南亞研究,第三卷第一期(民國九十二年一月),頁36-62。
方一鳴,「從美國出兵海地論聯合國集體安全制度」,國防雜誌,第十一卷第一期(民國八十四年七月),頁69-77。
吳東野,「聯合國和平維持部隊在國際區域衝突的角色--從德國派兵海外的爭議談起」,問題與研究,第三十二卷第十期(民國八十二年十月),頁25-33。
李瓊莉,「美國出兵波士尼亞與其府會戰爭權之爭」,美歐月刊,第十一卷第二期(民國八十五年二月),頁33-44。
周煦,「國際新秩序中聯合國的集體安全制度」,國際關係學報,第七卷(民國八十一年六月),頁61-79。
周煦,「聯合國集體安全與維持和平之演變」,淡江人文社會學刊五十週年校慶,特刊(民國八十九年十月),頁143-191。
周煦,「聯合國與區域組織維持和平與安全之分工與合作」,國際關係學報,第十六卷(民國八十九年),頁129-156。
林岩哲,「聯合國維持和平部隊之評介」,問題與研究,第三十一卷第十期(民國八十一年五月),頁64-73。
林碧炤,「國際衝突的研究途徑與處理方法」,問題與研究,第三十五卷第三期(民國八十五年三月),頁1-28。
林碧炤,「論集體安全」,問題與研究,第三十三卷第八期(民國八十三年八月),頁1-23。
林碧炤、楊永明,「聯合國的重要性、功能與成就」,新世紀智庫論壇,第十四期(民國九十年六月三十日),頁12-23。
洪陸訓、劉慶元,「聯合國和平維持部隊的角色與功能」,復興崗學報,第六十九卷(民國八十九年六月),頁169-186。
曹異美,「日本與聯合國安全保障體制」,問題與研究,第三十二卷第九期(民國八十二年九月),頁26-34。
曹異美,「美國新維持和平政策對聯合國的影響」,美歐月刊,第十卷第六期(民國八十四年六月),頁31-43。
許志吉,「中共對聯合國維持和平行動運用否決權的策略分析」,東亞季刊,第三十三卷第二期(民國九十一年春季),頁87-102。
陳文賢,「聯合國與集體安全」,問題與研究,第三十四卷第九期(民國八十四年九月),頁1-11。
陳純一,「由法學觀點看聯合國當前面臨的問題與美國的態度」,美歐月刊,第九卷第五期(民國八十三年五月),頁19-36。
陳純一,「聯合國的區域性質」,美歐季刊,第十二卷第一期(民國八十六年春季號),頁81-95。
陳進益,「聯合國維和行動之演進與轉變」,新世紀智庫論壇,第二十六期(民國九十三年六月三十日),頁80-98。
彭銘淵,「國際爭端的和平解決-兼論南海主權爭議之和平解決」,輔仁法學,第十五卷(民國八十五年六月),頁143-167。
湯紹成,「後冷戰時期北大西洋公約組織角色與功能的轉變」,問題與研究,第三十九卷第一期(民國八十九年一月),頁67-77。
楊永明,「國際法與禁止武力使用和威脅」,美歐月刊,第十一卷第二期(民國八十五年二月),頁92-108。
楊永明,「從國際法觀點看聯合國集體安全體系之法律架構、制度性問題與對應之策」,國立臺灣大學法學論叢,第二十六卷第三期(民國八十六年四月),頁183-211。
楊永明,「聯合國維持和平行動之發展:冷戰後國際安全的轉變」,問題與研究,第三十六卷第十一期(民國八十六年十一月),頁23-40。
鄒念祖,「美國對聯合國和平行動的態度」,問題與研究,第三十四卷第十一期(民國八十四年十一月),頁50-59。
鄒念祖,「聯合國祕書長在索馬利亞和平行動中的角色」,問題與研究,第三十三卷第五期(民國八十三年五月),頁1-19。
鄒念祖,「聯合國維和行動的未來」,美歐月刊,第十一卷第十一期(民國八十五年十一月),頁55-68。
鄒念祖,「聯合國維持和平部隊與波士尼亞內戰」,美歐月刊,第十卷第十二期(民國八十四年十二月),頁73-87。
劉書彬,「歐洲聯盟『巴爾幹政策』之研析」,問題與研究,第四十二卷第一期(民國九十二年一、二月),頁47-74。
蕭曦清,「聯合國和平維和部隊今昔」,外交部通訊,第二十一卷第二期(民國八十四年十一月),頁12-15。
戴萬欽,「聯合國邁入二十一世紀--維持世界和平之挑戰與機會」,淡江人文社會學刊,特刊(民國八十九年十月),頁193-234。
鍾志明,「區域組織實施人道干涉的合法性基礎:西非共同體部隊與賴比瑞亞內戰」,問題與研究,第三十六卷第十一期(民國八十六年十一月),頁41-54。
魏靜芬,「聯合國下之集體安全保障與維持和平活動」,軍法專刊,第四十六卷第十期(民國八十九年十月),頁1-5。
(二)英文
Anstee, Margaret J., “Angola: The Forgotten Tragedy, A Test Case for UN Peacekeeping,” International Relations, 11:6 (December 1993), pp.495-511.
Berdal, Mats, “Fateful Encounter: The United States and UN Peacekeeping,” Survival, 36:1 (Spring 1994), pp.33-35.
Berdal, Mats, “The United Nations in International Relations,” Review of International Studies, 22 (1996), pp.95-106.
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros, “An Agenda for Peace, One Year Later,” Orbis, 37:3 (1993), pp.323-328.
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros, “Empowering the United Nations,” Foreign Affairs, 71:5 (1992), pp.89-102.
Henry F. Carey, “U.S. Domestic Politics and the Emerging Humanitarian Intervention Policy: Haiti, Bosnia, and Kosovo,” World Affairs, 164:2 (Fall 2000), pp.80-82.
James, A. “Is There a Second Generation of Peacekeeping?” International Peacekeeping, 1:4 (September/November, 1994), pp.110-113.
John J. Mearsheimer, “Back to The Future: Instability in Europe after the Cold War,” International Security, 15:1 (Summer 1990), pp.5-56.
Mats Berdal, “Fateful Encounter: The United States and UN Peacekeeping,” Survival, 36:1 (Spring 1994), pp.33-35.
Roberts, Adam, “The UN and International Security,” Survival, 35:2 (Summer, 1993), pp.3-29.
Vuong, Quynh-Nhu, “U.S. Peacekeeping and Nation-Building: The Evolution of Self-Interested Multilateralism,” Berkeley Journal of International Law, 21:3 (2003), pp.804-824.
三、官方文件
(一)聯合國安理會決議
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 230th Meeting, on 20 January 1948 (S/RES/39(1948)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 286th Meeting, on 21 April 1948 (S/RES/47(1948)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 310th Meeting, on 29 May 1948 (S/RES/50(1948)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 539th Meeting, on 30 March 1951 (S/RES/91(1951)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 825th Meeting, on 11 June 1958 (S/RES/128(1958)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 873rd Meeting, on 14 July 1960 (S/RES/143(1960)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 879th Meeting, on 22 July 1960 (S/RES/145(1960)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 886th Meeting, on 9 August 1960 (S/RES/146(1960)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 942nd Meeting, on 21 February 1961 (S/RES/161(1961)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 982nd Meeting, on 24 November 1961 (S/RES/169(1961)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1039th Meeting, on 11 June 1963 (S/RES/179(1963)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1102nd Meeting, on 4 March 1964 (S/RES/186(1964)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1208th Meeting, on 14 May 1965 (S/RES/203(1965)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1237th Meeting, on 4 September 1965 (S/RES/209(1965)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1242nd Meeting, on 20 September 1965 (S/RES/211(1965)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1465th Meeting, on 20 March 1969 (S/RES/264(1969)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1497th Meeting, on 12 August 1969 (S/RES/269(1969)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1529th Meeting, on 30 January 1970 (S/RES/276(1970)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1750th Meeting, on 25 October 1973 (S/RES/340(1973)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1752nd Meeting, on 27 October 1973 (S/RES/341(1973).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1774th Meeting, on 31 May 1974 (S/RES/350(1974)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1781st Meeting, on 20 July 1974 (S/RES/353(1974)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1789th Meeting, on 1 August 1974 (S/RES/355(1974)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1793rd Meeting, on 15 August 1974 (S/RES/359(1974)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 1885th Meeting, on 30 January 1976 (S/RES/385(1976)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2074th Meeting, on 19 March 1978 (S/RES/425(1978)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2075th Meeting, on 19 March 1978.(S/RES/426(1978)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2082nd Meeting, on 27 July 1978 (S/RES/431(1978)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2087th Meeting, on 29 September 1978 (S/RES/435(1978)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2091st Meeting, on 23 October 1978 (S/RES/438(1978)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2379th Meeting, on 18 June 1982 (S/RES/511(1982)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2750th Meeting, on 20 July 1987 (S/RES/598(1987)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2824th Meeting, on 9 August 1988 (S/RES/619(1988)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2828th Meeting, on 31 October 1988 (S/RES/622(1988)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2834th Meeting, on 20 December 1988 (S/RES/626(1988)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2848th Meeting, on 16 February 1989 (S/RES/632(1989)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2890th Meeting, on 7 November 1989 (S/RES/644(1989)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2913th Meeting, on 27 March 1990 (S/RES/650(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2919th Meeting, on 20 April 1990 (S/RES/653(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2929th Meeting, on 27 June 1990 (S/RES/658(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2932nd Meeting, on 2 August 1990 (S/RES/660(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2941st Meeting, on 20 September 1990 (S/RES/668(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2944th Meeting, on 27 September 1990 (S/RES/671(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2961st Meeting, on 28 November 1990 (S/RES/676(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2963rd Meeting, on 29 November 1990 (S/RES/678(1990)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2981st Meeting, on 3 April 1991 (S/RES/687(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2983rd Meeting, on 9 April 1991 (S/RES/689(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2984th Meeting, on 29 April 1991 (S/RES/690(1991))
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2988th Meeting, on 20 May 1991 (S/RES/693(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 2991st Meeting, on 30 May 1991 (S/RES/696(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3009th Meeting, on 25 September 1991 (S/RES/713/1991).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3014th Meeting, on 16 October 1991 (S/RES/717(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3015th Meeting, on 31 October 1991 (S/RES/718(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3023rd Meeting, on 15 December 1991 (S/RES/724(1991)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3029th Meeting, on 8 January 1992 (S/RES/728(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3030th Meeting, on 14 January 1992(S/RES/729(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3031st Meeting, on 16 January 1992 (S/RES/730(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3055th Meeting, on 21 February 1992(S/RES/743(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3057th Meeting, on 28 February 1992 (S/RES/745(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3062nd Meeting, on 24 March 1992 (S/RES/747(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3066th Meeting, on 7 April 1992 (S/RES/749(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3069th Meeting, on 24 April 1992 (S/RES/751(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3075th Meeting, on 15 May 1992 (S/RES/752(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3082nd Meeting, on 30 May 1992 (S/RES/757(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3083rd Meeting, on 8 June 1992(S/RES/758(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3087th Meeting, on 29 June 1992(S/RES/761(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3088th Meeting, on 30 June 1992 (S/RES/762(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3104th Meeting, on 7 August 1992 (S/RES/769(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3110th Meeting, on 18 August 1992 (S/RES/775(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3114th Meeting, on 14 September 1992 (S/RES/776(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3118th Meeting, on 6 October 1992 (S/RES/779(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3122nd Meeting, on 9 October 1992 (S/RES/781(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3137th Meeting, on 16 November 1992 (S/RES/787(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3145th Meeting, on 3 December 1992 (S/RES/794(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3147th Meeting, on 11 December 1992 (S/RES/795(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3149th Meeting, on 16 December 1992 (S/RES/797(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3168th Meeting, on 29 January 1993 (S/RES/804(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3171st Meeting, on 5 February 1993 (S/RES/806(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3174th Meeting, on 19 February 1993(S/RES/807(1993))
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3188th Meeting, on 26 March 1993 (S/RES/814(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3189th Meeting, on 30 March 1993 (S/RES/815(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3199th Meeting, on 16 April 1993 (S/RES/819(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3208th Meeting, on 6 May 1993 (S/RES/824(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3223rd Meeting, on 27 May 1993(S/RES/832(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3228th Meeting, on 4 June 1993 (S/RES/836(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3229th Meeting, on 6 June 1993 (S/RES/837(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3237th Meeting, on 15 June 1993 (S/RES/840(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3238th Meeting, on 16 June 1993 (S/RES/841(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3244th Meeting, on 22 June 1993 (S/RES/846(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3248th Meeting, on 30 June 1993 (S/RES/847(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3268th Meeting, on 24 August 1993 (S/RES/858(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3271st Meeting, on 27 August 1993 (S/RES/861(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3281st Meeting, on 22 September 1993 (S/RES/866(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3282nd Meeting, on 23 September 1993 (S/RES/867(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3286th Meeting, on 4 October 1993 (S/RES/871(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3288th Meeting, on 5 October 1993 (S/RES/872(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3291st Meeting, on 13 October 1993 (S/RES/873(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3304th Meeting, on 4 November 1993 (S/RES/881(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3317th Meeting, on 18 November 1993 (S/RES/886(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3334th Meeting, on 4 February 1994 (S/RES/897(1993)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3338th Meeting, on 23 February 1994 (S/RES/898(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3356th Meeting, on 31 March 1994 (S/RES/908(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3363rd Meeting, on 14 April 1994 (S/RES/910(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3368th Meeting, on 21 April 1994 (S/RES/912(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3373rd Meeting, on 4 May 1994 (S/RES/915(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3376th Meeting, on 6 May 1994 (S/RES/917(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3377th Meeting, on 17 May 1994 (S/RES/918(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3392nd Meeting, on 22 June 1994 (S/RES/929(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3407th Meeting, on 21 July 1994 (S/RES/937(1994))).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3413th Meeting, on 31 July 1994 (S/RES/940(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3432nd Meeting, on 30 September 1994 (S/RES/946(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3434th Meeting, on 30 September 1994 (S/RES/947(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3437th Meeting, on 15 October 1994 (S/RES/948(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3447th Meeting, on 4 November 1994 (S/RES/954(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3453rd Meeting, on 30 November 1994 (S/RES/955(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3458th Meeting, on 15 November 1994 (S/RES/957(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3464th Meeting, on 21 November 1994 (S/RES/960(1992)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3473rd Meeting, on 30 November 1994 (S/RES/965(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3477th Meeting, on 8 December 1994 (S/RES/966(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3482nd Meeting, on 16 December 1994 (S/RES/968(1994)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3496th Meeting, on 30 January 1995 (S/RES/975(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3499th Meeting, on 8 February 1995 (S/RES/976(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3512th Meeting, on 31 March 1995 (S/RES/981(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3512th Meeting, on 31 March 1995 (S/RES/983(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3527th Meeting, on 28 April 1995 (S/RES/990(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3542nd Meeting, on 9 June 1995 (S/RES/997(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3566th Meeting, on 16 August 1995 (S/RES/1011(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3592nd Meeting, on 10 November 1995 (S/RES/1020(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3605th Meeting, on 12 December 1995 (S/RES/1029/1995).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3607th Meeting, on 15 December 1995 (S/RES/1031(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3613th Meeting, on 21 December 1995 (S/RES/1035(1995)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3619th Meeting, on 15 January 1996 (S/RES/1037(1996)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3619th Meeting, on 15 January 1996 (S/RES/1038(1996)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3626th Meeting, on 31 January 1996 (S/RES/1043(1996)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3676th Meeting, on 28 June 1996 (S/RES/1063(1996)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3707th Meeting, on 22 October 1996 (S/RES/1077(1996)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3723rd Meeting, on 12 December 1996 (S/RES/1088(1996)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3732nd Meeting, on 20 January 1997 (S/RES/1094(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3795th Meeting, on 30 June 1997 (S/RES/1118(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3800th Meeting, on 14 July 1997 (S/RES/1120(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3806th Meeting, on 30 July 1997 (S/RES/1123/1997).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3808th Meeting, on 6 August 1997 (S/RES/1125(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3822nd Meeting, on 8 October 1997 (S/RES/1132(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3833rd Meeting, on 14 November 1997 (S/RES/1138(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3837th Meeting, on 28 November 1997 (S/RES/1141(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3842nd Meeting, on 19 December 1997 (S/RES/1144(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3843rd Meeting, on 19 December 1997 (S/RES/1145(1997)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3861st Meeting, on 16 March 1998 (S/RES/1156(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3867th Meeting, on 27 March 1998 (S/RES/1159(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3868th Meeting, on 31 March 1998 (S/RES/1160(1998))
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3891st Meeting, on 12 June 1998 (S/RES/1173(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3902nd Meeting, on 13 July 1998 (S/RES/1181/1998).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3905th Meeting, on 14 July 1998 (S/RES/1182(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3909th Meeting, on 16 July 1998 (S/RES/1184(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3911th Meeting, on 21 July 1998 (S/RES/1186(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3935th Meeting, on 15 October 1998 (S/RES/1201(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3951st Meeting, on 3 December 1998 (S/RES/1213(1998)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 3984th Meeting, on 26 February 1999 (S/RES/1230/1999)
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th Meeting, on 10 June 1999 (S/RES/1244(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4012th Meeting, on 11 June 1999 (S/RES/1245(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4013th Meeting, on 11 June 1999 (S/RES/1246(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4032nd Meeting, on 6 August 1999 (S/RES/1258(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4035th Meeting, on 20 August 1999 (S/RES/1260(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4045th Meeting, on 15 September 1999 (S/RES/1264(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4054th Meeting, on 22 October 1999 (S/RES/1270(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4057th Meeting, on 25 October 1999 (S/RES/1272(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4076th Meeting, on 30 November 1999 (S/RES/1279(1999)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4099th Meeting, on 7 February 2000 (S/RES/1289(2000)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4104th Meeting, on 24 February 2000 (S/RES/1291(2000)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4144th Meeting, on 18 May 2000 (S/RES/1298(2000)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4145th Meeting, on 19 May 2000 (S/RES/1299(2000)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4181st Meeting, on 31 July 2000 (S/RES/1312(2000)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4197th Meeting, on 15 September 2000 (S/RES/1320(2000)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4306th Meeting, on 30 March 2001 (S/RES/1346(2001)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4412th Meeting, on 9 November 2001 (S/RES/1376(2001)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4534th Meeting, on 17 May 2002 (S/RES/1410(/2002)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4573rd Meeting, on 12 July 2002 (S/RES/1423(2002)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4600th Meeting, on 14 August 2002 (S/RES/1430(2002)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4622nd Meeting, on 11 October 2002 (S/RES/1437(2002)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4653rd Meeting, on 4 December 2002 (S/RES/1445(2002)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4754th Meeting, on 13 May 2003 (S/RES/1469(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4771st Meeting, on 11 June 2003 (S/RES/1486((2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4783rd Meeting, on 3 July 2003 (S/RES/1490(2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4789th Meeting, on 18 July 2003 (S/RES/1492(2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4797th Meeting, on 28 July 2003 (S/RES/1493(2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4800th Meeting, on 30 July 2003 (S/RES/1494(2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4830th Meeting, on 19 September 2003 (S/RES/1509(2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4857th Meeting, on 13 November 2003 (S/RES/1514(2003)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4906th Meeting, on 30 January 2004 (S/RES/1524(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4918th Meeting, on 27 February 2004 (S/RES/1528(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4919th Meeting, on 29 February 2004 (S/RES/1529(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4924th Meeting, on 12 March 2004 (S/RES/1531(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4938th Meeting, on 30 March 2004 (S/RES/1537(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4961st Meeting, on 30 April 2004 (S/RES/1542(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4968th Meeting, on 14 May 2004 (S/RES/1543(2004)).
UNSC, Resolution Adopted by the Security Council at its 4975th Meeting, on 21 May 2004 (S/RES/1545(2004)).
(二)聯合國秘書長提交安理會的報告
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Terms of the Disengagement in Yemen, S/5298, 29 April 1963.
UNSC, S/11052/Rev.1, 27 October 27 1973.
UNSC, S/11302/Add.1, Annexes I and II, 29-30 May 1974.
UNSC, S/12611, 19 March 1978.
UNSC, S/12827, 29 August 1978.
UNSC, S/12869, 20 September 1978.
UNSC, S/19835, 22 April 1988.
UNSC, S/19836, 25 April 1988.
UNSC, S/20093, 7 August, 1988.
UNSC, S/20338, 17 December, 1988.
UNSC, S/20895, 11 October 1989.
UNSC, S/21194, 15 March 1990.
UNSC, S/22779, 24 May 1990.
UNSC, S/21360, 18 June 1990.
UNSC, S/22454, 4 April 1991.
UNSC, S/22627, 20 May 1991.
UNSC, S/22678, 6 June 1991.
UNSC, S/22945, 8 August 1991.
UNSC, S/23066, 26 August 1991.
UNSC, S/23097, 30 September 1991.
UNSC, S/23331, 30 December 1991.
UNSC, S/23421, 14 January 1992.
UNSC, S/23458, 19 January 1992.
UNSC, S/23592 and Add.1, 15 and 19 February 1992.
UNSC, S/23671, 20 March 1992.
UNSC, S/24480, 24 August 1992.
UNSC, S/24892 and Corr.1 and Add.1, 3 December 1992.
UNSC, S/25354, 3 March 1993.
UNSC, S/25402, 12 March 1993.
UNSC, S/25913, 29 May 1993.
UNSC, S/26254, 4 August 1993.
UNSC, S/26352, 25 August 1993.
UNSC, S/26371, 30 August 1993.
UNSC, S/26488 and Add. 1, 24 September 1993.
UNSC, S/1994/12, 1 January 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ), S/1994/89/Add.1, 28 January 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador, S/1994/375, 23 March 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, S/1994/470, 20 April 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Concerning the Agreement on the Implementation of the Judgment of the International Court of Justice Concerning the Territorial Dispute between Chad and the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, S/1994/512, 27 April 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Aouzou Strip Observer Group, S/1994/672, 6 June 1994.
UNSC, Second Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda, S/1994/715, 16 June 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Haiti, S/1994/828, 15 July 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Resolution 908 (1994), S/1994/1067, 17 September 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan, S/1994/1102, 27 September 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan, S/1994/1363, 30 November 1994.
UNSC, Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation Concerning Western Sahara, S/1994/1420, 14 December 1994.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II), S/1995/97, 1 February 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador, S/1995/220, 24 March 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 947 (1994), S/1995/222, 22 March 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Somalia Submitted in Pursuance of Paragraph 13 of Security Council Resolution 954 (1994), S/1995/231, 28 March 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Submitted Pursuant to Paragraph 4 of Security Council Resolution 981 (1995), S/1995/320, 18 April 1995.
UNSC, Thirteenth Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia, S/1995/881, 23 October 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, S/1995/1002, 1 December 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Security Council Resolution1025 (1995), S/1995/1028, 13 December 1995.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Haiti, S/1996/416, 5 June 1996.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium, S/1996/883, 26 October 1996.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General “Central America: Efforts towards Peace”, S/1996/1045, 17 December 1996.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium, S/1997/148, 24 February 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti, S/1997/244, 24 March 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Group of Military Observers Attached to MINUGUA, S/1997/432, 4 June 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III), S/1997/438, 5 June 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti, S/1997/564, 19 July 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan, S/1997/686, 4 September 1997.
UNSC, Final Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia, S/1997/712, 12 September 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola, S/1997/741, 24 September 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti, S/1997/832, 31 October 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti, S/1997/832/Add. 1, 20 November 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium, S/1997/953, 4 December 1997.
S/1997/958UNSC, Second Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Sierra Leone, S/1997/958, 5 December 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Implementation of Resolution 1094 (1997), S/1997/1045, 13 February 1997.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Resolution 1152 (1998) Concerning the Situation in the Central African Republic, S/1998/148, 23 February 1998.
UNSC, Fourth Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Sierra Leone, S/1998/249, 18 March 1998.
UNSC, Fifth Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Sierra Leone, S/1998/486, 9 June 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, S/1998/491, 19 June 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Police Support Group, S/1998/500, 11 June 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola, S/1998/524, 17 June 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic, S/1998/540, 19 June 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic, S/1998/783, 21 August 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Police Support Group, S/1998/1004, 27 October 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic, S/1998/1203, 18 December 1998.
UNSC, Special Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone, S/1999/20, 7 January 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), S/1999/49, 17 January 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1186 (1198), S/1999/161, 12 February 1999.
UNSC, Fifth Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone, S/1999/237, 4 March 1999.
UNSC, Question of East Timor: Report of the Secretary-General, S/1999/513, 5 May 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic, S/1999/621, 28 May 1998.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, S/1999/670, 11 June 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Paragraph 10 of Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999), S/1999/672, 12 June 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/1999/779, 12 July 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Preliminary Deployment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, S/1999/790, 15 July 1999.
UNSC, Seven Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Sierra Leone, S/1999/836, 30 July 1999.
UNSC, Eighth Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Sierra Leone, S/1999/1003, 28 September 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan, S/1999/1127, 4 November 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/1999/1250, 23 December 1999.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic (MINURCA), S/2000/24, 14 January 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, S/2000/53, 26 January 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan, S/2000/214, 14 March 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan, S/2000/387, 5 May 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, S/2000/529, 2 June 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti, S/2000/579, 19 May 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on Ethiopia and Eritrea, S/2000/643, 30 June 2000.
UNSC, Eighteen Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone, S/2000/663, 23 June 2003.
UNSC, Fifth Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone, S/2000/751, 31 July 2000
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on Ethiopia and Eritrea, S/2000/785, 9 August 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2000/1196/Add.1, 18 December 2000.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (for the period 27 July 2000 to 16 January 2001), S/2001/42, 16 January 2001.
UNSC, Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, S/2001/436, 2 May 2001.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2001/565, 7 June 2001.
UNSC, Progress Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, S/2001/719, 24 July 2001.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, S/2001/983, 18 October 2001.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2002/62, 15 January 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, S/2002/80, 17 January 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, S/2002/432, 17 April 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2002/436, 22 April 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka, S/2002/1101, 2 October 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2002/1126, 9 October 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, S/2002/1314, 2 December 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka, S/2002/1341, 10 December 2002.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2003/113, 29 January 2003.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on Côte d’Ivoire, S/2003/374, 26 March 2003.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission, S/2003/393, 31 March 2003.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2003/675, 26 June 2003.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Abkhazia, Georgia, S/2003/751, 21 July 2003.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council on Liberia, S/2003/875, 11 September 2003.
UNSC, Twentieth Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), S/2003/1201, 23 December 2003
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire Submitted pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1514 (2003) of 13 November 2003, S/2004/3, 6 January 2004.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, S/2004/71, 26 January 2004.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on Burundi, S/2004/210, 16 March 2004.
UNSC, Twenty-First Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone, S/2004/228, 19 March 2004.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on Haiti, S/2004/300, 16 April 2004.
UNSC, Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor, S/2004/333, 19 April 2004.
UNSC, Third Progress Report of the Secretary-General to the United Nations Mission in Liberia, S/2004/430, 26 May 2004.
UNSC, First Report of the Secretary-General on United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire, S/2004/443, 2 June 1004.
(三)聯合國大會決議
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 302nd Plenary Meeting, on 3 November 1950 (A/RES/377(V)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 562nd Plenary Meeting, on 2 November 1956 (A/RES/997(ES-I)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 565th Plenary Meeting, on 5 November 1956 (A/RES/1000(ES-I)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 652nd Plenary Meeting, on 2 February 1957 (A/RES/1125(XI)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 1127th Plenary Metting: Agreement between Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands Concerning West New Guinea (West Irian), on 21 September 1962 (A/RES/1752(XVII)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 1454th Plenary Meeting, on 27 October 1966 (A/RES/2145(XXI)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 105th Plenary Meeting, on 20 December 1976 (A/RES/31/146(1976)).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 100th Plenary Meeting, 23 April 1993 (A/RES/47/20 B).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 106th Plenary Metting: Mission for the Verification of Human Rights and of Compliance with the Commitments of the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in Guatemala, on 19 September 1994 (A/RES/48/267).
UNGA, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly at its 84th Plenary Meeting: International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti, on 18 February 2000 (A/RES/54/193).
(四)聯合國其他文件
UNSC, Letter Dated 1 February 1995 from the Secretary-General Addressed to the President of the Security Council, S/1995/120, 7 February 1995.
UN Press Release, Security Council Fails to Extend Mandate of United Nations Preventive Deployment Force in Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, SC/6648, 25 February 1999.
UNGA, Question of East Timor: Progress Report of the Secretary-General, A/54/654, 13 December 1999.
UNSC, Letter from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council conveying formal notification of the Israeli Government's decision to withdraw its forces from southern Lebanon by July 2000, S/2000/322, 17 April 2000.
UNSC, Letter from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council informing that the Israeli authorities have removed all violations of the withdrawal line, S/2000/731, 24 July 2000.
UNSC, Letter dated 3 April 2003 from the President of the Security Council addressed to the Secretary-General, S/2003/400, 3 April 2003.
UNSC, Statement by the President of the Security Council, S/PRST/2003/30, 22 December 2003.
UNSC, Letter dated 27 May 2004 from the Secretary-General Addressed to the President of the Security Council, S/2004/439, 1 June 2004.
(五)其他官方文件
ICJ, Case Concerning the Territorial Dispute (Libyan Arab Jamahiriy / Chad), 3 February 199.
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1. 陳進益,「聯合國維和行動之演進與轉變」,新世紀智庫論壇,第二十六期(民國九十三年六月三十日),頁80-98。
2. 彭銘淵,「國際爭端的和平解決-兼論南海主權爭議之和平解決」,輔仁法學,第十五卷(民國八十五年六月),頁143-167。
3. 楊永明,「國際法與禁止武力使用和威脅」,美歐月刊,第十一卷第二期(民國八十五年二月),頁92-108。
4. 陳純一,「聯合國的區域性質」,美歐季刊,第十二卷第一期(民國八十六年春季號),頁81-95。
5. 陳文賢,「聯合國與集體安全」,問題與研究,第三十四卷第九期(民國八十四年九月),頁1-11。
6. 陳純一,「由法學觀點看聯合國當前面臨的問題與美國的態度」,美歐月刊,第九卷第五期(民國八十三年五月),頁19-36。
7. 湯紹成,「後冷戰時期北大西洋公約組織角色與功能的轉變」,問題與研究,第三十九卷第一期(民國八十九年一月),頁67-77。
8. 魏靜芬,「聯合國下之集體安全保障與維持和平活動」,軍法專刊,第四十六卷第十期(民國八十九年十月),頁1-5。
9. 鍾志明,「區域組織實施人道干涉的合法性基礎:西非共同體部隊與賴比瑞亞內戰」,問題與研究,第三十六卷第十一期(民國八十六年十一月),頁41-54。
10. 戴萬欽,「聯合國邁入二十一世紀--維持世界和平之挑戰與機會」,淡江人文社會學刊,特刊(民國八十九年十月),頁193-234。
11. 蕭曦清,「聯合國和平維和部隊今昔」,外交部通訊,第二十一卷第二期(民國八十四年十一月),頁12-15。
12. 劉書彬,「歐洲聯盟『巴爾幹政策』之研析」,問題與研究,第四十二卷第一期(民國九十二年一、二月),頁47-74。
13. 鄒念祖,「聯合國維持和平部隊與波士尼亞內戰」,美歐月刊,第十卷第十二期(民國八十四年十二月),頁73-87。
14. 鄒念祖,「聯合國維和行動的未來」,美歐月刊,第十一卷第十一期(民國八十五年十一月),頁55-68。
15. 鄒念祖,「聯合國祕書長在索馬利亞和平行動中的角色」,問題與研究,第三十三卷第五期(民國八十三年五月),頁1-19。