(3.227.235.183) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/14 19:54
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李吉彬
研究生(外文):Lee, Chi-ping
論文名稱:自我形象一致性對真實與虛擬產品購買意願之影響-功能型、享樂型與象徵型產品之比較分析
論文名稱(外文):The effects of consumers' self-congriency on purchase intentions of real versus virtual products:a comparison of functional, hedonic, and symbolic products
指導教授:別蓮蒂別蓮蒂引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bei, Lien-ti
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:自我形象一致性虛擬產品功能型產品享樂型產品象徵型產品
外文關鍵詞:Self-CongruencyVirtual ProductFunctional ProductHedonic ProductSymbolic Product
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:21
  • 點閱點閱:567
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:9
本研究探討當消費者的自我形象與產品形象符合一致性時,對真實和虛擬產品之購買意願的影響。在消費者自我形象方面,分為真實我形象與理想我形象,在「依滿足消費者需求之產品分類」(Woods, 1960) 為調節作用下,即將產品分為真實產品與虛擬產品,再各細分為「功能型產品」(Utilitarian Product)、「享樂型產品」(Hedonic Product) 與「象徵型產品」(Symbolic Product),用以衡量真實我形象一致性和理想我形象一致性對不同產品類別的購買意願會有何不同程度的影響。

本研究經由前測選出了各類型產品之代表性產品,對於一般的真實產品與網路上的虛擬產品,分別以牙刷和解毒靈丹代表功能型產品,KTV和虛擬電子情人代表享樂型產品,以及戒指和騎士團徽章代表象徵型產品。透過十五組項目之五點量表語義差異法,衡量消費者自我形象與產品形象,並以「考慮購買」、「購買意願」、「購買該產品是很重要的消費」和「擁有該產品是很重要的」四題來衡量對產品購買意願的強度。分為真實產品與虛擬產品二種問卷,分別發出228份與201份,透過迴歸分析,驗證自我形象一致性對產品購買意願之影響程度。

研究結果顯示:一、在功能型產品方面,不管是一般的真實產品或是網路上的虛擬產品,自我形象一致性對功能型產品的購買意願並無顯著影響。二、享樂型產品之購買意願受真實我形象一致性的影響較大。三、象徵型產品可分為角色定位和自我提昇兩大類,其產品購買意願將分別受到真實我一致性和理想我一致性因素的影響。四、當產品購買決策變成群體決策時,個體自我形象一致性的影響將受到限制。

整體而言,在產品形象定位上,應以目標客群的自我形象為參考依據,而非其人口變數。並依不同的產品類別,塑造不同的屬性,功能型產品應塑造產品功能屬性的品質形象,而享樂型與象徵型產品得依吻合消費者之自我形象來形塑成個性鮮明的產品形象,都將有助於企業對品牌與產品定位之效果。
The purpose of this study is to discuss the effects of consumers' self-congruency on purchase intentions of real products versus virtual products in terms of functional, hedonic, and symbolic products as moderate effect. Self-image includes actual self and ideal self; as for the moderating effects of “psychological demand character” (Woods, 1960), this study divides both real and virtual products into utilitarian product, hedonic product, and symbolic product to measure the influences of actual-self image congruency and ideal-self image congruency on different product categories.

After two pretests to find out the representative product for each category of real and virtual products, this study takes toothbrush and detoxification medicine for functional products; KTV and virtual e-lover for hedonic products; and ring and Knight insignia for symbolic products. Self-image and product-image are measured by the 15-item semantic differential scale. The magnitude of purchase intention is measured with four questions, “consider to buy”,“intend to buy”, “it’s an important consumption”, and “it’s important to ownTwo-hundred-twenty-eight paper-based questionnaires and 201 virtual questionnaires were collected and regressed to verify the effects of consumers' self-congruency on purchase intentions.

There are some key findings. 1. For functional products, regardless of real or virtual products, the effect of consumers' self-congruency on purchase intentions is not significant. 2. Actual-self image congruency influences the purchase intention of hedonic product more. 3. Symbolic product can be classified into self-enhancing and role-positioning. These two product purchase intentions are respectively affected by actual-self image congruency and ideal-self image congruency. 4. When product purchasing decision becomes group decision, individual self-congruency will be constrained.

To sum up, product image positioning should consider the target customers’ self-images, instead of demography data. Also, according to different product categories, product images should be shaped differently. Functional product should focus on quality image. Hedonic and symbolic products should adopt the images matching consumers’ self images. This will help form better brand and product positioning strategies.
第一章 緒論............................................1
第一節 研究動機........................................1
第二節 研究目的........................................3
第二章 文獻探討........................................4
第一節 自我形象........................................4
第二節 產品形象........................................6
第三節 自我形象與產品形象的關係........................7
第四節 自我形象與形象一致性的衡量.....................12
第五節 產品分類.......................................14
第六節 自我形象一致性與產品類別對購買意願的影響.......19
第三章 研究方法.......................................24
第一節 研究架構與假說.................................24
第二節 變數之操作型定義與衡量方法.....................25
第三節 前測一.........................................31
第四節 前測二.........................................38
第五節 正式問卷設計...................................40
第六節 抽樣方法.......................................41
第四章 分析結果與討論.................................43
第一節 樣本描述與操弄性檢定結果.......................43
第二節 信度分析.......................................51
第三節 描述性統計.....................................51
第四節 真實我形象一致性與理想我形象一致性的關係.......54
第五節 自我形象一致性與產品購買意願的關係.............56
第六節 小結...........................................62
第五章 結論與建議.....................................64
第一節 結論與討論.....................................64
第二節 建議與貢獻.....................................68
第三節 研究限制與後續研究方向.........................70
參考文獻..............................................75
附錄一:前測問卷-真實產品............................78
附錄二:前測問卷-虛擬產品............................82
附錄三:前測問卷二-虛擬產品..........................86
附錄四:正式問卷-真實產品............................90
附錄五:正式問卷-虛擬產品............................95
黃德祥、李介至 (民92年),電玩沈迷對青少年敵意、社會關係與學業成就之影響,中學教育學報,第十期,六月,頁37-70。

Addis, Michela and Morris B. Holbrook (2001), “On the Conceptual Link between Mass Customisation and Experience Consumption: An Explosion of Subjectivity,” Journal of Consumer Behavior, Vol.1 (June), 50-66.

Birdwell, Al E. (1968), “A Study of Influence of Image Congruence on Consumer Choice,” Journal of Business, Vol.41 (January), 76-88.

Belch, Geroge E. and E. Laird Landon Jr. (1977), “Discriminant Validity of a Product-Anchored Self-Concept Measure,” Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 14 (May), 252-256.

Bracken, Bruce A. and M. Susan Lamprecht (2003), “Positive Self-Concept: An Equal Opportunity Construct,” School of Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 18, No 2, 103-121.

Chang, Chingching (2002), “Self-Congruency as a Cue in Different Advertising Processing Contexts,” Communication Research, Vol. 29 (October), 503-536.

Dolich, Ira J. (1969), “Congruence Relationship Between Self-Image and Product Brands,” Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 6 (February), 201-214.

Ekinci, Yuksel and Michael Riley (2003), “An Investigation of Self-Concept: Actual and Ideal Self-Congruence Compared in the Context of Service Evaluation,” Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Vol. 10, 201-214.

Fishbein, M. and I. Ajzen (1975), Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.

Funk, Jeanne, B. and Debra D. Buchman (1996),“Playing Violent Video and Computer Games and Adolescent Self-Concept,” Journal of Communication, Vol. 46 (Spring), 19-32.

Grubb, Edward L. and Harrison L. Grathwhohl (1967), “Consumer Self-Concept, Symbolism, and Market Behavior: A Theoretical Approach,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 31 (October), 22-27.

Hoelter, Jon W. (1985), “The Structure of Self-Conception: Conceptualization and Measurement,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 49 (May), 1392-1407.

Johar, J.S. and M. Joseph Sirgy (1991), “Value-Expressive Versus Utilitarian Advertising Appeals: When and Why to Use Which Appeal,” Journal of Advertising, Vol. 20 (September), 23-33.

Kempf, DeAnna S. (1999), “Attitude Formation from Product Trial: Distinct Roles of Cognition and Affect for Hedonic and Functional Products,” Psychology & Marketing, Vol.16 (January), 35-50.

Kotler, Philip and Gary Armstrong (1933), Marketing: an introduction, 3rd, 5-6.

Landon, Jr., E. Laird (1974), “Self Concept, Ideal Self Concept, and Consumer Purchase Intentions,” Journal of Consumer Research, Vol.1 (September), 44-51.

Lavidge, Robert J. and Gary A. Steiner (1961), “A Model for Predictive Measurements of Advertising Effectiveness,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 25 (October), 59-62.

Lee, C. and Robert T. Green (1991), “Cross-Culture Examination of the Fishbein Behavioral Intentions Model,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 3 No. 1, 27-50.

Malhotra, Naresh K. (1981), “A Scale to Measure Self-Concepts, Person Concepts, and Product Concepts,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 18, (November), 456-464.

O’Curry, Suzanne and Michal Strahilevitz (2001), “Probability and Mode of Acquisition Effects on Choices between Hedonic and Utilitarian Options,” Marketing Letters, Vol. 12 (February), 37-49.

Park, C. Whan, Bernard J. Jaworski and Deborah J. Maclnnis (1986), “Strategic Brand Concept-Image Management,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 50 (October), 135-145.

Quester, Pascale G. and Amal Karunaratna, Li Kee Goh (2000), “Self-congruity and product evaluation: a cross-cultural study,” Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 17, 525-535.

Schiffman, Leon G. and Leslie L. Kanuk (2000), Consumer Behavior, 7th ed., Prentice Hall International, Inc.

Sirgy, M. Joseph (1982), “Self-Concept in Consumer Behavior: A Critical Review,” Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 9 (December), 287-300.

Sirgy, M. Joseph (1985), “Using Self-Congruity and Ideal Congruity to Predict Purchase Motivation,” Journal of Business Research, Vol. 13 (June), 195-206.

Sirgy, M. Joseph, Dhruv Grewal, Tamara F. Manglegurg, Jae-ok Park, Kye-Sung Chon, C.B. Claiborne, J.S. Johar, and Harold Berkman (1997), “Assessing the Predictive Validity of Two Methods of Measuring Self-Image Congruence,” Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 25 (Summer), 229-241.

Tauber, Edward M.(1973), “Reduce New Product Failures: Measure Needs As Well As Purchase Interest,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 37 (July), 61-64.

Todd, Sarah (2001), “Self-Concept: A Tourism Application,” Journal of Consumer Behavior, Vol. 1,2, (November), 184-196.

Woods, A. Walter (1960), “Psychological Dimensions of Consumer Decision,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 24 (April), 15-19.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 釋善音,<佛陀的三身觀>,《慧炬雜誌》第416、415期合刊,1999年2月
2. 謝大寧,<比興的現象學--《詩經》詮釋進路底再檢討>,《南華通識教育研究》第2期,2004年9月
3. 鈴木大拙<楞伽經論佛之三身>(中),郭忠生譯,《菩提樹》第383期,1984年10月
4. 鄭舜日著,永智譯,<華嚴思想的現代意義>,《普門學報》第十期,2002年7月。
5. 鈴木大拙<楞伽經論佛之三身>(上),郭忠生譯,《菩提樹》第382期,1984年9月
6. 鈴木大拙<楞伽經論佛之三身>(下),郭忠生譯,《菩提樹》第384期,1984年11月
7. 黃德祥、李介至 (民92年),電玩沈迷對青少年敵意、社會關係與學業成就之影響,中學教育學報,第十期,六月,頁37-70。
8. 廖明活,<華嚴宗性起思想的形成>,《中國文哲研究集刊》第6期,1995年3月
9. 廖朝陽,<法華經的閱讀論: 管窺古典小說的宗教基盤>,《中外文學》第197期,1988年10月
10. 楊維中,<《華嚴經》的形成、漢譯、基本思想及其修行論意義>,《普門學報》第26期,2005年3月
11. 郭朝順,<華嚴宗的可說與不可說>,《正觀》第27期,2003年12月
12. 許勝雄,<佛的三身觀之研究>(下),《慧炬雜誌》第435期,2000年9月
13. 許勝雄,<佛的三身觀之研究>(上),《慧炬雜誌》第433、434期合刊,2000年8月
14. 李治華,<佛教哲學中語言型態之探索>,《正觀》第8期,1999年3月
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔