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研究生:夏甄翊
研究生(外文):Hsia, Chen-I
論文名稱:論安琪拉.卡特小說《馬戲團的奇幻世界》中的二元對立之解構
論文名稱(外文):Deconstructing binary opposition in Angela Carter's Nights at the circus
指導教授:劉建基劉建基引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu, Chien-chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:奇幻嘉年華性別議題
外文關鍵詞:The fantasticCarnivalGender
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本篇論文企圖運用三種理論,包括傑克森(Rosemary Jackson)的奇幻理論、巴赫金(M. Bakhtin)的嘉年華理論、和依蕊格萊(Luce Irigaray)的假面理論 (masquerade),來分析安琪拉•卡特的《馬戲團的奇幻世界》。本篇論文討論小說中用來解構二元對立以及社會成規的的顛覆的元素。本篇論文分成五個部分來討論。
論文的第一章提供了卡特生平和三個理論的簡略的介紹。論文的第二章以傑克森的奇幻理論為基礎,探討如何以奇幻的呈現手法,達到反動的功用,以為被壓抑的族群發聲。這章也討論到傅柯(Michel Foucault)的圓形監獄的理論。而藉由奇幻理論,小說中的角色和事件,呈現出那些被歸類為不好的、被壓抑的,其實都是權力運作下所產生的。第三章以巴赫金的嘉年華理論來分析小說。文本中的馬戲團,就像是嘉年華世界的化身,充滿了不尋常的事件,舊有的觀點也一一的被挑戰。而藉由這些事件,世俗成規被顯露出來只是建構出來的,而不是本來就存在的。第四章著重於性別方面的議題。以傅柯的權力理論、巴特勒(Judith Butler)的表演理論,和依蕊格萊的假面理論來探討性別成規,以及書中如何打破這些性別成規。最後,本篇論文,以這三種理論,來顯示出小說中對二元對立的解構和對社會成規的反動。
This thesis aims to analyze Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus with three theories, inclusive of Rosemary Jackson’s theory of fantasy, Mikhail Bakhtin’s carnival theory, and Luce Irigaray’s theory of masquerade. The thesis discusses the blurring elements which aim to deconstruct and to denaturalize received notions and binarism. The thesis is divided into five parts.
The first chapter gives a brief introduction of Carter and three theories. The second chapter discusses the function of the fantastic as a method of revealing the repressed. In this chapter, Michel Foucault’s theory of panopticon is also discussed. Through fantastic events and characters, the novel shows that what is forbidden and repressed results from workings of power and discourse. The third chapter analyzes the novel in terms of carnival. The circus is the embodiment of a carnivalesque world in which things are turned upside down and conventional conceptions are challenged. Characters and events that happen in the circus work to reveal the constructedness of norms in society. The fourth chapter, with a focus on gender binarism, analyzes the novel in respect of the idea that gender is performative. This chapter starts with a brief introduction of Foucault’s discursive theory and Judith Butler’s theory of performativity. Then, Irigaray’s masquerade is applied so as to demonstrate the notion that gender is formed out of power relations. In conclusion, by interpreting the novel with these three theories, the thesis aims to show the constructed nature of binarism and to introduce different perspectives.
Acknowledgement .............................................iv
Chinese Abstract .............................................vi
English Abstract ............................................vii
Chapter I Introduction .....................................1
Chapter II The Fantastic: Unveiling the Repressed and the Forbidden ....................................................11
Chapter III Carnivalesque Transgression of Binary Opposition ...................................................35
Chapter IV Masquerade: Gender as Performance ...............58
Chapter V Conclusion ......................................80
Works Cited ..................................................86
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