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研究生:林嘉慧
研究生(外文):Lin, Chia-hui
論文名稱:當血肉之軀成神話—瑪格麗特˙愛德伍《盲眼刺客》中的原型閱讀
論文名稱(外文):When a Person Becomes a Myth—An Archetypal Reading of Margaret Atwood's The Blind Assassin
指導教授:何艾克何艾克引用關係
指導教授(外文):Heroux, Erick
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:瑪格麗特˙愛德伍盲眼刺客榮格原型神話膨脹瑪莉安˙伍德曼卡蘿˙皮爾森心理分析鬥士殉道者
外文關鍵詞:Margaret AtwoodThe Blind AssassinC. G. JungArchetypeMythInflationMarion WoodmanCarol S. PearsonPsychoanalysisWarriorMartyr
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本論文將用榮格的原型觀念(archetypes)探討瑪格麗特˙愛德伍小說《盲眼刺客》中的人物性格。
本論文由五章組成。第一章將大略介紹《盲眼刺客》的內容以及其評論。第二章將會介紹榮格對集體無意識(the collective unconscious)的概念以及其和原型概念的關連;接著,將會根據兩位新榮格學派的學者,瑪莉恩˙伍德曼(Marion Woodman)和卡蘿˙皮爾森(Carol S. Pearson)對原型理論的闡述,針對兩個原型加以探討──鬥士原型和殉道者原型。在父權社會的影響下,這兩個原型時常會被過度簡化成對兩性的刻板印象,而在這簡化過程裡,原本屬於這兩個原型的能量和複雜性都被忽視或壓抑了。
第三章始於對愛德伍小說人物的辯護,說明其人物並不是一般所說的刻版人物,而是充滿衝突與能量的原型人物。而後,我會把小說中的人物和象徵和神話及童話中的人物作連結。在一方面,我將會對於小說中的現實人物,如艾麗絲和蘿拉(Iris and Laura),和小說中的象徵角色,盲眼刺客和獻祭少女,做連結且並討論;另一方面,我將會將這兩個象徵角色延伸出去,探討與之相關的神話或童話人物,或是,更上一層的原型人物。在第四章,我則會依據小說人物和其原型的關係加以剖析,檢視他們和其原型的認同狀況,及他們膨脹(Inflation)的程度。
在最後的第五章,將以原型的概念來詮釋小說中各個人物的悲劇做為總結。《盲眼刺客》中的每個人物都傾向於過份認同某個原型,而忽略了讓自我有平衡發展的重要性。
This thesis is to discover the psychological depths of the characters in Margaret Atwood’s The Blind Assassin and to analyze them according to the Jungian conception of archetypes and the influence of archetypes upon the human psyche.
This thesis consists of five chapters. Chapter One is an introduction, including the overview of the novel and its critical backgrounds. And Chapter Two introduces C.G. Jung’s conception of the collective unconscious and its relation with archetypes and follow with specific discussion of certain archetypes—the Warrior and the Martyr—mainly according to the theories of two neo-Jungian scholars, Marion Woodman and Carol S. Pearson. Since these two archetypes are often over-simplified to fit in gender stereotypes under the influence of patriarchal society, the energies and complexity of these archetypes are always neglected or repressed.
Chapter Three begins with an argument that Atwood’s characters are not stereotypical but rather archetypal, for they possess the contradictory energies within them that are correspondent with that of archetypes. On the one hand, I discuss how the characters in the memoir are symbolized in the science-fiction allegory, being reflected as the blind assassin and the sacrificial maiden; on the other hand, I make a connection between the symbols of the novel—the blind assassin and sacrificial maiden—and the mythological and fairy-tale allusions, and further, the archetypes behind them. In Chapter Four, I examine the psychic problems of the characters according to their relations with the archetypes—to examine how much they identify unconsciously with the archetypes and the extent of their inflation.
Finally, Chapter Five concludes with the archetypal explanation of the tragic life of the characters in the novel. Each of them is trapped in an overwhelming power of a certain archetype instead of having the ego balanced between these multiple archetypes, they turn themselves into mythical figures that are too rigid for humanity.
Acknowledgments..........................................iii
Chinese Abstract.........................................v
English Abstract.........................................vii
Chapter One: Introduction................................1
Chapter Two: Imperfect Perfection........................16
(I)The power of Medusa—the problems of Athena and Andromeda................................................18
(II)The archetypes of the collective unconscious.........21
(III)The ego and the archetypes..........................26
(IV)The Warrior/ Athena vs. the Martyr/ Andromeda........30
(V)Archetypes vs. Stereotypes............................34
Chapter Three: Two Types.................................37
(I)Gender stereotypes: angels/ ice vs. devils/ fire......37
(II)The science-fiction allegory: dominating Snilfards vs. dominated Ygnirods.......................................42
(III)Two imageries: the blind assassin vs. the sacrificial maiden...................................................44
Chapter Four: When a Blind Assassin Meets a Sacrificial Maiden...................................................58
(I)Laura and Liliana.....................................59
(II)Iris and Norval......................................65
(III)When a blind assassin meets a sacrificial maiden....71
Chapter Five: Conclusion.................................80
Works Cited..............................................86
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Cutter, Martha J. “Philomela Speaks: Alice Walker's Revisioning of Rape Archetypes in The Color Purple” MELUS 25 (2000):161-80.
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Hopcke, Robert H. A Guided Tour of the Collected Works of C.G. Jung. Boston and Shaftesbury: Shambhala, 1989.
Jung, Carl Gustav. Symbols of Transformation : an Analysis of the Prelude to a Case of Schizophrenia. Trans. R. F. C. Hull. New York: Pantheon Books, 1956, Vol. 5 of The Collected Works of C. G. Jung. 18 vols. 1953-7.
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Keuss, Jeffrey F. ‘Speech after Rape: Towards a Theological Poetics of Identity and Loss after Philomela's “Voice of the Shuttle”’ Theology & Sexuality: The Journal of the Institute for the Study of Christianity & Sexuality 9 (2003): 242-51.
King James Bible: The Gospel According to Saint Matthew. Free Books in the public domain from the Classic Literature Library © 2004. <http://king-james-bible.classic-literature.co.uk/the-gospel-according-to-saint-matthew/ebook-page-27.asp>
Lacan, Jacques. Ecrits. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock, 1985.
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Pearson, Carol. S. The Hero Within: Six Archetypes We Live By. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc., 1989.
Selden, Raman., Peter Widdowson and Peter Brooker. “Jacques Lacan” A Reader's Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory 4th. London: Prentice Hall, 1997. 162-168.
Showalter, Elaine. “Virgin Suicide” New Statesman 129 (2000): 53.
Staels, Hilde. “Atwood’s Specular Narrative: The Blind Assassin” English Studies 85 (2004):147-160.
Stein, Karen F. “A Left-Handed Story: The Blind Assassin” Margaret Atwood’s Textual Assassinations. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 2003.
Stevens, Anthony. Archetype: A Natural History of the Self. London: Routledge, 1982.
Walker, Steven F. Jung and the Jungians on Myth. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1995.
Wilson, Sharon Rose. “The Blind Assassin, (2000)”. The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary. Ed. Robert Clark, Emory Elliott and Janet Todd. 23 March 2003. The Literary Dictionary Company Limited. Date of access: 3 May 2005. <http://www.LiteraryEncyclopedia.com>
---. Margaret Atwood’s Fairy-Tale Sexual Politics. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1993.
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Woodman, Marion. Addiction to Perfection: The Still Unravished Bride. Toronto: Inner City Books, 1982.
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