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研究生:林政宏
研究生(外文):Lin, Cheng Hung
論文名稱:以本體論輔助之企業對企業電子商務之整合應用
論文名稱(外文):An Ontology Application in B2B Integration
指導教授:諶家蘭諶家蘭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Seng, Jia Lang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:資訊管理研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:企業對企業電子商務整合商業流程本體論語意網
外文關鍵詞:B2B IntegrationBusiness ProcessOntologySemantic Web
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:168
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:6
在企業對企業電子商務整合中,資料之間異質性以及系統間的互通性是最重要的議題之一。在整合過程中,我們必須考慮網路協定的整合、交易伙伴的整合、商業流程的整合以及商業文件的整合。一個電子商務標準通常會定義這些範圍,但是,電子商務標準都是定義語法部份而較少定義語意部份。在企業對企業電子商務整合過程當中,我們應該調解在商業訊息、商業字彙及資料字典中的語意衝突。
本體論是語意網的關鍵技術,本體論可以呈現出一個領域中語意,並且能夠推論。我們使用本體論的技術解決企業對企業電子商務整合的問題。我們提出了一個以本體論為基礎的方法來分析並研發一個企業對企業電子商務整合應用。透過使用企業對企業電子商務的本體,我們希望可以能夠了解及重覆使用企業對企業電子商務領域的知識。
Heterogeneity and interoperability are the main issues in B2B integration. We have to consider the integration of different exchange protocols, trading partners, business processes, and business documents. A B2B standard usually specifies those integration dimensions. However, B2B standards are syntactic rather than semantic. B2B integration should conciliate the semantic conflicts between business messages, vocabularies, and data dictionary.
Ontology is the key technology enables Semantic Web. Ontology can reason easier and represent the semantic of a domain. We believe that using ontology technology can solve the B2B integration issues. We propose an ontology-based approach to analyze and develop B2B integration model. By using the B2B ontologies, we hope to reuse and understand the domain knowledge.
List of Tables III
List of Figures IV
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research Motivation 1
1.2 Research Issue 2
1.3 Research Objective 3
1.4 Research Flow 3
1.5 Organization of the Thesis 4
Chapter 2 Literature Review 6
2.1 B2B Integration 6
2.1.1 Introduction 6
2.1.2 ebXML 8
2.1.3 RosettaNet 12
2.1.4 Open Issues 14
2.2 Semantic Web and Ontology 15
2.2.1 Introduction 15
2.2.2 Ontology Languages 17
2.3 Ontology Application in e-Commerce 20
2.3.1 Ontology and e-Commerce 20
2.3.2 Semantic B2B Integration 25
2.3.3 Semantic Web enabled Web Service (SWWS) 26
2.3.4 Domain Ontology Management Environment (DOME) 27
2.3.5 Ontology with ebXML and RosettaNet 28
2.3.6 Discussion 32
Chapter 3 Research Method 37
3.1 A Ontology-Based Method 37
3.2 Business Process Modeling – UML-based 38
3.2.1 UML 38
3.3 Ontology Modeling Heuristics 46
3.5 The Merge, Representation and Testing of Ontologies 60
3.6 Discussion 63
Chapter 4 Research Prototype and Implementation 66
4.1 Prototype Platform and Architecture 66
4.2 Prototype Design and Functions 67
4.2.1 DTD Importer 68
4.2.2 Ontology Editor 70
4.2.3 Ontology Display 74
4.3 Research Implementation: Case Study – RosettaNet 74
4.4 Research Implementation: Case Study – ebXML 89
4.5 Discussion 92
Chapter 5 Research Discussions and Limitations 93
5.1 Research Implications 93
5.2 Research Limitations 95
Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future Research 96
6.1 Summary 96
6.2 Future Research Directions 96
References 98
Appendix A: XML DTD Example 101
Appendix B: Business Process Specification Schema Example 106
Appendix C: Process Ontology Template 108
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3. Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O., “The Semantic Web”, Scientific American, May 2001
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12. DAML+OIL Language, http://www.daml.org/2001/03/daml+oil-index.html, 2001
13. Ding, Y., Fensel, D., Klein, M., Omelayenko, B., and Schulten, E., “The Role of Ontologies in eCommerce”, in Handbook on Ontologies, Staab S. and Studer R. (ed.), Springer, 2004
14. ebXML, http://www.ebxml.org/, 2004
15. ebXML Technical Architecture Specification, http://www.ebxml.org/specs/ebTA.pdf, 2001
16. Falkovych, K., Sabou, M., and Stuckenschmidt, H., “UML for the Semantic Web:Transformation-Based Approaches”, Knowledge Transformation for the Semantic Web, pp 92-106, 2003
17. Gasevic, D., Djuric, D., Devedzic, V., and Damjanovic, V., “Converting UML to OWL Ontologies”, Proceedings of the 13th international World Wide Web conference on Alternate track papers & posters, pp 488-489, 2004
18. Gruber, T. R., “A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications”. Knowledge Acquisition., 5:2, pp 199-220,1993
19. Hofreiter, B.,and Hurmer, C., “B2B Integration – Aligning ebXML and Ontology Approaches”, Proceedings of the First EurAsian Conference on Information and Communication Technology, pp 339-349, 2002
20. Klein, M., Kiryakov, A., Ognyanov, D., and Fensel, D., “Ontology versioning and change detection on the web”, Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. Ontologies and the Semantic Web, pp 197-212, 2002
21. Kogut P., Cranefield S., Hart L, Dutra M., Baclawski K., Kokar M.,and Smith J., “UML for Ontology Development”, The Knowledge Engineering Review, 17:1, pp 61-64, 2002
22. Liang, C.P., “Development of Electronic Commerce Standard”, http://taiweb.compaq.com.tw/cmain/news/d_file.asp, 2001
23. Medjahed, B., Benatallah, B., Bouguettaya, A., Ngu, A.H.H, and Elmagarmid, A.K., “Business-to-business interactions: issues and enabling technologies”, The VLDB Journal, 12:1, pp 59-85, 2003
24. OASIS Consortium, http://www.oasis-open.org, 2004
25. Object Management Group, http://www.omg.org, 2003
26. Omelayenko, B., “Preliminary Ontology Modeling for B2B Content Integration”, Proceedings of the 12th International Workshop on Database and Expert Systems Applications, pp 7-13, 2001
27. Omelayenko, B., ”RDFT: A Mapping Meta-Ontology for Business Integration” In Proceedings of the Workshop on Knowledge Transformation for the Semantic for the Semantic Web at the 15th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp 77-84, 2002.
28. Omelayenko, B., and Fensel, D., “An Analysis of B2B Catalogue Integration problems: Content and Document Integration”, Proceedings of the International conference on Enterprise Information Systems, pp 945-952, 2001
29. Omelayenko, B., Fensel, D., Bussler, C., “Mapping Technology for Enterprise Integration”, Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, pp 419-424, 20
30. Pedrinaci C., Bernaras A., Smithers T., Aguado J., and Cendoya M., ”A Framework for Ontology Reuse and Persistence Integrating UML and Sesame”, Proceedings of CAEPIA, pp 37-46, 2003
31. Resource Description Framework (RDF), http://www.w3c.org/RDF/, 2004
32. RosettaNet Consortium, http://www.rosettanet.org/, 2004
33. Stojanovic L., Maedche A., Motik B., and Stojanovic N., “User-Driven Ontology Evolution Management”, Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. Ontologies and the Semantic Web, pp 285-300, 2002
34. Trastour, D., Preist, C., and Coleman, D., ”Using Semantic Web Technology to Enhance Current Business-to-Business Integration Approaches”, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Enterprise Distributed Object Computing, pp 222-231, 2003.
35. Web Ontology Language, http://www.w3c.org/2004/OWL/, 2004
36. World Wide Web Consortium, http://www.w3c.org, 2004
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