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研究生:蔡秀莉
研究生(外文):Show-Li Tsai
論文名稱:介質及插穗處理對茶扦插苗發根之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of media and shoot treatments on rooting of tea cuttings
指導教授:林正錺
指導教授(外文):Chen-Fang Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土壤環境科學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業化學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:茶 扦插 發根 存活率
外文關鍵詞:tea cutting rooting survival rate
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摘 要

茶是台灣重要的特用作物之一,目前主要的繁殖方式為扦插法,其具有操作簡便及可以同時育成大量苗木的優點。但茶樹為不易生根的作物,育苗時間較其他作物長,在管理上不但增加成本,且存活率並不穩定,因此如何促進扦插苗的發根為茶樹扦插是否成功的重要關鍵。
本試驗分別以目前台灣茶樹栽培面積最廣的青心烏龍及台茶十二號兩個品種為插穗材料,進行不同的土壤介質酸鹼度(pH3.8、4.5、5.5、6.3)、採穗母樹噴施10﹪蔗糖溶液、發根劑IBA中添加5﹪蔗糖溶液及土壤扦插介質中添加500μM氯化鈣溶液等4類處理,觀察扦插苗生長之情況,以了解各處理對於茶扦插苗發根之影響。
結果顯示,青心烏龍扦插苗在扦插介質pH4.5的情況下,以採穗母樹噴施10﹪蔗糖溶液處理,可提高其存活率及發根率,分別為91﹪及82﹪,而台茶12號扦插苗則以對照組的表現最佳,其存活率與發根率分別達到100﹪及94﹪,即若將其插穗扦插於土壤酸鹼度為pH4.5的介質中,各處理對於扦插苗生長的表現,均無明顯的成效。
因此適當的介質酸鹼度對於青心烏龍及台茶12號扦插苗的發根情形具有重要的影響,且對於難發根及存活率低的青心烏龍扦插苗而言,採穗母樹的養分供給亦為促進扦插苗生長的因素之一,此可作為未來在選擇茶樹的扦插介質及插穗培育時之參考。
Abstract

Tea is one of the most important special crops in Taiwan. The main tea propagation at the present is by cutting. It is easily operated and can produce a large number of plants at the same time. However, tea trees are not easily rooted and it takes longer time to grow up. This increases cost on management and the survival rate afterward is also unstable. As a result, how to make cuttings rooted effectively is the key solution to the success tea cutting propagation.
“Chin-Shin Oolong and TTES No.12”, the two most widely planted tea trees in Taiwan now, were used as cutting source in this research. They were tested with 4 methods:different soil media pH (3.8, 4.5, 5.5, 6.3); terminal shoots spreaded with 10% sucrose before cutting; IBA and 5% sucrose mixture and soil added 500μM calcium chloride. By observing the growing situation of the cuttings, we would find the influence of these four treatments on the rooting of tea cuttings.
The results showed that the survival rate and rooting rate of Chin-Shin Oolong tea were increased to 91% and 82% respectively under the condition of cutting medium pH4.5 and with tea shoots spread 10% sucrose. On the other hand, the other group of TTES No.12 showed the best results. Its survival rate and rooting rate reached 100% and 94% respectively. When the soil pH was down to 4.5, these 4 methods showed no obvious different on the growth of cuttings.
Therefore, proper media pH had the significant effect on the rooting condition of Chin-Shin Oolong and TTES No.12. For Chin-Shin Oolong, which was usually considered hard-rooted and low-surviving, sufficient nutrition from the mother plants might also be a factor for cuttings to grow up well. This can be used as an important reference for selecting cutting media and cutting propagation in the future.
目 錄
表 次 ………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
圖 次 ………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
中文摘要 ……………………………………………………………1
英文摘要 ……………………………………………………………2
壹、前 言 ………………………………………………………………4
貳、文獻回顧 ……………………………………………………………7
一、插穗的選取及貯放時間的影響 …………………………………7
二、扦插介質的影響 …………………………………………………9
三、生長素的影響 ………………………………………………9
四、不同扦插時期的影響 …………………………………………10
五、碳水化合物的影響 ……………………………………………11
六、鈣的影響 ………………………………………………………15
参、材料與方法 ………………………………………………………22
一、介質酸鹼度的處理 …………………………………………… 22
二、蔗糖的處理 ……………………………………………………32
三、紅土扦插介質中添加氯化鈣的處理 …………………………35
肆、結 果 ……………………………………………………………37
一、各處理對於茶扦插苗存活情形之影響 ………………………37
二、各處理對於茶扦插苗生長情形之影響 ………………………49
三、各處理對於茶扦插苗存活及生長情形之綜合比較 …………58
四、土壤元素分析的比較 …………………………………………63
五、植體元素分析的比較 …………………………………………71
伍、討 論 ……………………………………………………………86
陸、總 結 ……………………………………………………………91
柒、參考文獻 …………………………………………………………93
附 錄 ………………………………………………………………101
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