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研究生:龔豪君
研究生(外文):Kung, Hao-chun
論文名稱:愛德蒙・懷特《已婚男人》中呈現性別/階級及迷思
論文名稱(外文):Edmund White's The Married Man:On Hierarchy and Myth of Sexuality
指導教授:朱崇儀朱崇儀引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu, Chung-yi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:88
外文關鍵詞:homosexualitybisexualityfemale genealogyabject
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《已婚男人》是一則美國學者奧斯汀在巴黎與一名為朱里安的已婚男人的羅曼史。在這本小說當中,愛德蒙・懷特不只處理同性情慾,還包括雙性情慾。主要探討的主題為:被異性霸權邊緣化之後,同性戀者如何和雙性戀者建立關係。
在我的論文中,我會追溯奧斯汀與朱里安的關係來揭露性向的階級和迷思。在小說中,朱里安的性向始終不穩定,因此奧斯汀也就更懷疑他的忠誠。一直要到朱里安的死亡,奧斯汀才確認他們事實上已成一對已婚情侶。我會先從傅柯對同性戀的論點出發,來討探同性戀這個詞的發明,並且探討同性戀與異性戀的互動。之後,我會討論雙生戀是如何變成干擾同性戀以及異性戀所建立互賴的關係。最後,我將引用蘇珊・桑塔格對愛滋病的看法來檢視它對奧斯汀以及朱里安帶來的影響,繼而顯示愛德蒙・懷特在處理愛滋病時並不是用來強化愛滋與同性戀者之間的刻版印象,而且揭露這個刻版印象多荒謬,繼而粉碎性向的迷思。也因此透過此本小說,愛德蒙・懷特闡明無論個人的性向為何,所有人類都共享相同的人格特質。
The Married Man is a romance of an American scholar, Austin, who meets Julien, a married French young man, in Paris. In this novel, Edmund White deals with not only homosexual desire, but also with bisexual involvement. The main concern is homosexuality being marginalized by heterosexual hegemony, how do homosexuals build a relationship with bisexuals?
In my thesis, I will trace the path of Austin and Julien’s relationship to expose the hierarchy and myth of sexualities. Throughout the novel, Julien’s sexuality remains unstable; therefore, Austin doubts his faithful vows. It is not until Julien’s death that Austin realizes the two are actually a married couple. I will start from Foucault’s opinions on homosexuality to examine the invention of this term and how heterosexuality and homosexuality interact. After that, I will discuss how bisexuality is regarded as a disrupting element in the interdependent relationship of heterosexuality and homosexuality. Finally, I will appropriate Susan Sontag’s comment on AIDS to scrutinize the impacts that AIDS brings to Austin and Julien to reveal that Edmund White’s detailed depiction of AIDS does not reinforces its stereotyped connection with homosexuals. Instead, it exposes how ridiculous this connection is and breaks the myth of sexuality. Through this revelation, Edmund White’s The Married Man proposes that some traits of characteristics are shared by all human beings, whatever their sexuality is.
Table of Contents

Chinese Abstract------------------------------------------------------------------i
English Abstract------------------------------------------------------------------ii
Introduction------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Chapter One The Mutual Resistance and Permeation of
Homosexuality and Heterosexuality-----------------------11
Chapter Two Fluid Bisexuality----------------------------------------------31
Chapter Three The Metaphors of AIDS------------------------------------54
Notes-------------------------------------------------------------------------------81
Works Cited----------------------------------------------------------------------85
Binnie, Jon, and Gill Valentine. “Geographies of Sexualities—A Review of Progress.” Lesbian and Gay Studies. Ed. Theo sandfort, Judith Schufy, Jan Willem Duyvendak, and Jeffrey Weeks. London: Sage Publications, 2000.
Blasius, Mark. Gay and Lesbian Politics. Philadelphia, Temple UP, 1994.
Bristow, Joseph. Sexuality. London: Routledge, 1997.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Derrida, Jacques. “Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences.” Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader. Ed. David Lodge. London: Longman, 1998. 108-23.
Edwards, Tim. Erotics & Politics: Gay Male Sexuality, Masculinity and Feminism. London: Routledge, 1994.
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Random House, 1978.
Freud, Sigmund. Three Essays on Sexuality. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 7: A Case of hysteria, Three Essays on Sexuality and Other Workds. Ed. and Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1905.
Halperin, David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Harrington, Susanmarie. “Women and AIDS: Bodily Representations, Political Repercussions.” Bodily Discursions. Ed. Deborah S. Wilson and Christine Moneera Laennec. New York: State U of New York P, 1997.
Hemmings, Clare. “Resituating the Bisexual Body: from Identity to Difference.” Activating Theory. Ed. Joseph Bristow and Angelia R Wilson. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1993. 118-38.
Herdt, Gilbert H. “A Comment on Cultural Attributes and Fluidity of Bisexuality.” Bisexuality: A Critical Reader. Ed. Merl Storr. New York: Routledge, 1999. 162-6.
Horrocks, Roger. An Introduction to the Study of Sexuality. London: Macmillan, 1997.
Knopf, Mary Jane. “Bi-nary Bi-sexuality: Jane Bowle’s Two Serious Ladies.” RePresenting Bisexualities. Ed. Donald E. Hall and Maria Pramaggiore. New York: New York UP, 1996.
Kristeva, Julia. Power of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. New York: Columbia UP, 1992.
Kushner, Tony. Angels in America. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 2003.
Oliver, Kelly. Reading Kristeva. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1993.
Radel, Nicholas F. “Self as Other: The Politics of Identity in the Works of Edmund White.” Queer Words, Queer Images. Ed. R. Jeffery Ringer. New York, New York UP, 1994.
Rimmon-Kenan, Shlomith. Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2002.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: U. of California P., 1990.
Smithurst, Michael. “AIDS: Risks and Discrimination.” AIDS—A Moral Issue: The Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects. Ed. Brenda Almond. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1990.
Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors. New York: Doubleday, 1990.
Squire, Corinne. “AIDS Panic.” Body Talk: The Material and Discursive Regulation of Sexuality, Madness and Reproduction. Ed. Jane M. Ussher. New York: Routledge, 1997.
Storr, Merl. Introduction. Bisexuality: A Critical Reader. Ed. Merl Storr. New York: Routledge, 1999.
White, Edmund. A Boy’s Own Story. International ed. 1982. New York: Vintage, 2000.
---. The Beautiful Room Is Empty. 1988. New York: Vintage, 1994.
---. Our Paris: Sketches from Memory. London: Chatto & Windus, 1994.
---. The Farewell Symphony. Vintage ed. 1997. New York: Vintage, 1998.
---. The Married Man. New York: Vintage, 2000.
---. The Flâneur. New York: Bloomsbury, 2001.
Wittig, Monique. “One Is Not Born a Woman.” French Feminism Reader. Ed. Kelly Oliver. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. 128-36.
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