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研究生:羅仁竣
研究生(外文):Peter Jen-jiunn Luo
論文名稱:揭露美國文化魔幻︰《白色噪音》中的後現代文化及其對後現代主體的衝擊
論文名稱(外文):Unveiling the American Magic of Culture:Postmodern Culture and Its Impact on the Postmodern Subjects in Don DeLillo’s White Noise
指導教授:阮秀莉阮秀莉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rose Hsiu-li Juan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:白色噪音擬象操作文化中介媒體文化及消費文化象徵效率度主體想像性理想的超我化象徵法律虛擬不朽性
外文關鍵詞:White Noiseoperation of simulationmediation of culturemedia culture and consumer culturesymbolic efficiencysuperegoization of imaginary IdealSymbolic Lawsimulated immortality
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論文摘要


本論文的主要目標乃在於審視唐.徳利洛的小說《白色噪音》中的後現代文化,以及其對後現代主體性的建構所產生的衝擊。為了要展示後現代文化所產生的魔幻(magic)力量,也就是說明後現代文化如何誘使人們進入其如萬花筒般的擬象操作(operation of simulation)以及其令人眼花撩亂的多樣性,我試圖把小說中的文化中介(cultural mediation)現象作為主要的著眼點。這樣的做法有助於我討論小說中一些主要議題。也就是說,有助於我討論小說中主要角色的慾望如何被重新引導、其主體性如何被重新建構、以及其對死亡的經驗又如何被文化所中介。如此一來,我便可以試圖揭露後現代文化對小說中人物的心理建構所產生的影響。對我而言,這樣的影響是無遠弗屆,也是無處不在的。
本論文共分三章。第一章旨在說明媒體文化及消費文化在葛雷尼家庭(the Gladneys)的日常生活中所扮演的角色。結合了蘇珊.宋塔格、尚.布希亞、以及其他後現代文化理論家的理論,我試圖將第一章作為我對小說中後現代文化的介紹。而第二章的重點在於說明象徵效率度(symbolic efficiency)的式微及其對後現代主體所產生的扭曲性影響。藉由說明後現代社會中造成象徵效率度的式微的原因,我想要探討小說中家族性權威、現實性權威、以及歷史性權威在後現代社會中所必須面對的危機。除此之外,透過齊傑克對後現代主體性的討論,這一章也討論了後現代主體的新導向。根據齊傑克的說法,形成這種新導向的原因是主體想像性理想的超我化(the superegoization of imaginary Ideal)。而造成這種現象的導因則是象徵法律(Symbolic Law)的表現力量在後現代社會中的衰落。最後一章討論的則是小說中虛擬不朽性(simulated immortality)。藉由海德格對主體死亡的理論探討,我試圖在第三章說明後現代科技文化對主體經驗死亡的干涉,進而說明這樣的干涉如何讓小說中的人物陷入不真實的主體存在模式(inauthentic mode of being)。最後,在我的結語當中,我想強調的則是個體對自然的想像力量。我認為唯有透過這種力量小說中的人物才有逃脫後現代文化操縱的可能。
Abstract


This thesis aims to examine the embodiment of postmodern culture in Don DeLillo’s White Noise, and how such a culture has impact on the construction of postmodern subjectivity of the characters. With a view to demonstrating such American magic of culture which tends to enmesh people in its kaleidoscopic operation of simulation and its hypnotic unpredictable diversity and caprices, this thesis proposes to analyze the highly-mediated cultural life of the characters. In order to discuss how their desires are re-directed, how their subjectivity is reoriented, and how their experience of death is mediated, my thesis intends to expose the ubiquitous effects of postmodern culture on the psychic formation of the characters. My thesis begins with a chapter that illuminates the media and consumer culture in the Gladneys’ life. Combining the theories of Baudrillard, Sontag, and other theorists of postmodern culture in my discussion, the chapter serves as the introduction of postmodern culture in the novel. Chapter Two elaborates mainly on the internal relationship between the decline of symbolic efficiency and its distorting effects on postmodern subjects. Exploring into the crisis of familial, realistic, and historical authority in the novel, the decline of symbolic efficiency in postmodern society is disclosed. Applying Zizek’s theory on postmodern subjectivity, the chapter also emphasizes on the psychic re-orientation of subjects in the “superegoization of imaginary Ideals,” caused mainly by the malfunction of perfomative powers of the Symbolic Law. The simulated immortality in the novel is explicated in detail in Chapter Three. Taking Heidegger’s theory on the death of being into consideration, I intends in this chapter to illuminate how postmodern technological cultures have infiltrated into our experience of death, making the characters fall into the inauthentic mode of being in the They. Finally, it is my argument in the epilogue that it is only through the imaginative powers of nature that the characters can escape from the totalizing manipulation of culture in their lives.
Table of Contents


Introduction …………………………………………………………………………..1
Chapter One
The Postmodern Landscape in White Noise …………………………………..10
Chapter Two
The Decline of Symbolic Efficiency and Its Vicissitudes
in White Noise ………………………………………………….......................33
Chapter Three
Confronting the Fear of Death: The Problems of
Simulated Immortality in White Noise ………………………………………..67
Epilogue ……………………………………………………………………………..88
Works Cited ………………………………………………………….........................90
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