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研究生:蔡宏志
研究生(外文):Hung-Chih Tsai
論文名稱:Photo-Fenton法處理反應性偶氮染料BlackB與酚之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the treatment of azo dye Reactive Black B and phenol by Photo-Fenton method
指導教授:黃耀輝黃耀輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yao-Hui Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:反應性偶氮染料高級氧化程序Photo-Fenton法
外文關鍵詞:Reactive Azo dyephenolAdvanced Oxidation ProcessesPhoto-Fenton
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:101
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  本研究將傳統Fenton法結合外加光源,稱為Photo-Fenton法處理反應性偶氮染料Black B與酚。研究內容分為兩部分,前部分探討pH值、光源強度、[Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值、溶氧狀態對三價鐵離子與草酸水溶液的光還原反應之影響。後部分為以Photo-Fenton系統來處理Reactive Black B與酚,改變操作變因:pH值、初始鐵濃度、過氧化氫濃度、[Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值、溶氧狀態、有無光源,探討其最佳操作條件。

  實驗結果顯示,鐵還原反應的最適pH值為3,增加草酸與三價鐵莫耳濃度比值跟增加紫外光強度能加速鐵還原的速率,此外在溶液曝氮氣狀態下比有溶氧的環境有更快的鐵還原速率。

  以Photo-Fenton法處理Reactive Black B的最適操作條件為pH=3、[H2O2]=400 mg/L,但增加[Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值會抑制降解速率而變慢。而處理酚最適之[Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值=2。經過反應能將Black B除色完全,且與酚相同都在系統曝空氣時處理效率最佳。以Photo-Fenton法反應兩小時後能比以Fenton-like法處理將Black B之COD跟TOC去除率從46﹪、31﹪提升至86﹪、86﹪,而處理酚之COD跟TOC去除率也從63﹪、33﹪提升至98﹪、88﹪。
  This study combined Fenton’s reagent and light, called Photo-Fenton method, to treat azo dye Reactive Black B and phenol. There were two parts in this study. The first part was to evaluate the effect of pH, light, [Ox]/[Fe3+] molar ratio and dissolved oxygen on photoreduction reaction of ferric ions. The second one was to investigate the optimal operating conditions of pH, initial ferric ion concentration, hydrogen peroxide concentration, [Ox]/[Fe3+] molar ratio, dissolved oxygen and lights for treating Reactive Black B and phenol with Photo-Fenton method.

  Results show that the optimal pH value was 3 for ferric ion reducing reaction. Increasing [Ox]/[Fe3+] molar ratio and UV light can accelerate reduction rate. Besides, the reduction rate was higher with N2 bubbling than that with aeration.

  The optimal conditions to treat Reactive Black B with Photo-Fenton method were pH=3 and [H2O2]=400 mg/L. We found that increasing [Ox]/[Fe3+] molar ratio inhibited the degradation rate of Reactive Black B. The optimal [Ox]/[Fe3+] molar ratio for phenol oxidation were 2. It can be decolorized completely at this condition. Removal of COD and TOC for Black B solution were 86﹪and 86﹪ with Photo-Fenton method and those were 46﹪and 31﹪,respectively with Fenton-like method. Concerning the oxidation of phenol, the removal of COD and TOC for the solution can increase from 63﹪and 33﹪to 98﹪and 88﹪,respectively.
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………...I
英文摘要……………………………………………………………………..II
致謝………………………………………………………………………….III
目錄…………………………………………………………………….…… IV
表目錄……………………………………………………………………...VII
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………..VIII
符號表……………………………………………………………………..…XI

第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………1
1-1 研究背景…………………………………………………………...1
1-1-1 染料廢水簡介……………………………………………....1
1-1-2 酚的性質與簡介…………………………………………....2
1-2 研究內容與目的……………………………………………………4

第二章 文獻回顧…………………………………………………………….5
2-1 高級氧化處理技術簡介…………………………………………....5
2-2 UV/H2O2法原理…………………………………………………….8
2-2-1 UV/ H2O2於染料之處理…………………………………...10
2-2-2 UV/ H2O2於酚之處理……………………………………...11
2-3 Fenton法原理……………………………………….……………..12
2-3-1 Fenton法於染料之處理……………………………………14
2-3-2 Fenton法於酚之處理………………………………………14
2-4 Photo-Fenton法原理………………………………………………16
2-4-1 Photo-Fenton法於染料之處理…………………………….20
2-4-2 Photo-Fenton法於酚之處理……………………………….21

第三章 實驗設備、材料與方法……………………………………………23
3-1 實驗架構…………………………………..………………………23
3-2 實驗裝置與儀器…………………………………………………..24
3-2-1 實驗裝置…………………………………………………..24
3-2-2 實驗設備與儀器…………………………………………..24
3-3 實驗藥品…………………………………..………………………25
3-4 實驗步驟…………………………………….…………………….26
3-4-1 鐵還原實驗………………………………………………..26
3-4-2 Black B處理實驗………………………………………….26
3-4-3 phenol處理實驗……………………………………………27
3-5 水樣分析方法………………………………..……………………28
3-5-1 亞鐵濃度測定……………………………………………..28
3-5-2 過氧化氫濃度測定………………………………………..29
3-5-3 酚濃度測定………………………………………………..29
3-5-4 COD分析……………………………….………………….30
3-5-5 IC分析…………………………………….………………..31
3-6 三價鐵離子與草酸、染料Black B間的影響……………………32

第四章 鐵還原實驗之結果與討論………………………………………...36
4-1 背景實驗…………………………………………….…………….36
4-1-1 不同波長的光源…………………………………………..36
4-1-2 pH值…………………………………….………………….38
4-1-3 光源強度……………………………………….………….38
4-2 [Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值………………………………………….40
4-3 Fe3+初始濃度………………………………………….…………..42
4-4 溶氧狀態…….………………………………………….………43

第五章 Photo-Fenton法處理之結果及討論………………………………47
5-1 Black B背景實驗…………………………….……………………47
5-2 處理Black B操作變數…………………………….……………..49
5-2-1 pH值…………………………………………….………….49
5-2-2 初始鐵濃度………………………………………….…….51
5-2-3 過氧化氫加藥量…………………………………………..53
5-2-4 [Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值………………………….…….55
5-2-5 溶氧狀態…………………………………….…………….57
5-2-6 有無外加光源……………………………………….…….59
5-3 反應性染料Black B處理結果……………………………………64
5-4 phenol背景實驗…………………………………….……………..65
5-5處理phenol操作變數……………………………………………..66
5-5-1 [Ox]/[Fe3+]莫耳濃度比值………………………….…….66
5-5-2 溶氧狀態………………………………………….……….67
5-5-3 有無外加光源……………………………………….…….70
5-6 酚處理結果…………………………………………….………….73

第六章 結論與建議…………………………………………………….…..78
6-1 結論…………………………………………….………………….78
6-2 建議………………………………………………….…………….80

參考文獻…………………………………………………………………….81
自述………………………………………………………………………….87
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