跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.27.215) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/20 09:58
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:吳少方
研究生(外文):Shao-Fang Wu
論文名稱:尚-保羅•沙特《沒有出口》與存在主義-以儒家對君子的觀點試釋
論文名稱(外文):Jean-Paul Sartre’s No Exit and Existentialism—A Discussion Based on the Confucian Conception of Junzih
指導教授:閻振瀛閻振瀛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Joseph C. Y. Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系碩博士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:齊克果海德格存在主義儒家思想君子沙特
外文關鍵詞:HeideggerjunzihexistentialismConfucianismyiKierkegaardSartrecheng.renyongjhih
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:1350
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:208
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
  存在主義在二次戰後曾廣受討論並興盛一時,此項哲學運動主要透過沙特的作品,於二十世紀四零年代達到顛峰。然而,「人的存在」這個基本問題,並非由沙特首創談論,在他以前已有許多思想先驅,像是齊克果、雅斯培、海德格等,這些思想家都曾探討「存在」概念並提出他們非傳統思維的看法,這才促使沙特式存在主義在二十世紀中的出現。本論文首先選擇齊克果和海德格作為代表,介紹他們的存在理論,導引讀者較為深入了解存在的意涵。齊克果一般被視為是存在主義之父,他揭露了近代存在的問題,並提出他個人基督教式的存在觀。而海德格是一位重要的思想家,他以形上角度切入探討存在。沙特則是最負盛名的作家,承接了許多先輩的思想,其中像是海德格與胡賽爾。沙特的學術背景加上他個人的經歷,使他提倡的存在主義成為無神主義,強調選擇、承諾與責任。

  本篇論文的旨趣在於比較東西方的存在與人道概念。第一章介紹存在主義,第二章介紹齊克果與海德格的存在理論。第三章探討沙特式存在主義並討論最具代表性的作品「沒有出口」。此外,在本章最末也將討論沙特的「存在主義就是人道主義」此一觀念。第四章,吾嘗試用儒家「君子」來說明東方的存在精神,試釋君子的仁、義、智、勇、誠不但含蓋了西方的存在精神,且在倫理方面更為具體。吾並介紹中國先民的思想,以作為中國式的存在觀,而以儒家思想作為東方的人本主義。第五章為結論。
 Existentialism was a widely discussed term and enjoyed a brief period of popularity during the post-war era. This philosophical movement, mainly through the works of Sartre, reached its peak during the 1940s. However, Sartre was not the first to touch on this fundamental question of human existence. Before him there were individual thinkers who had unconventionally responded to this essential question and explored existentialist themes, thereby paving the way for Sartrean existentialism in the mid-twentieth century. Among the most well-known predecessors, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Jasper, and Martin Heidegger are especially noted. Kierkegaard, who is often regarded as the father of this movement, revealed the problems of existence in modern times. Heidegger, on the other hand, is considered a great thinker who gave an ontological meaning to the definition of human existence. Sartre, as the most famous existentialist, indeed inherited many ideas from his predecessors. His personal experiences combined with his philosophical training eventually made his existential theory an atheistic humanism—stressing choice, commitment and responsibility.

 This thesis attempts to compare the central ideas behind the Western and Eastern concepts of human existence. The first chapter is an introduction to existentialism in general. In the second chapter, I will introduce Kierkegaardian and Heideggerian existential theories. In the third chapter, Sartrean existentialism is introduced with a theory-based discussion of his play No Exit. Sartre’s argument of “existentialism is a humanism” is also an important part of this discussion. In the fourth chapter, I will use the Confucian conception of Junzih to explain the Oriental spirit of human existence. Junzih is Confucius’ ideal man, whose virtues of ren, yi, jhih, yong, and cheng cover all the distinct traits of human existence proposed by existential thinkers. More importantly, the concept of junzih is sounder in comparison to existentialism with respect to ethics. I also introduce the ancient Chinese beliefs as Chinese quasi-existentialism and Confucianism as humanism. The last chapter is a conclusion of my findings.
Contents

Chapter One:
Introduction…………………………………………………………1

Chapter Two:
Two Great Predecessors: Kierkegaard and Heidegger………10

Chapter Three:
Sartrean Existentialism and No Exit…………………………28

Chapter Four:
Junzih in Confucianism and Discussion………………………47

Chapter Five:
Conclusion …………………………………………………………76

Works Cited ……………………………………………………… 83
Appendix A ……………………………………………………… 88
Appendix B ……………………………………………………… 94
Appendix C …………………………………………………………98
Appendix D …………………………………………………………99
Appendix E …………………………………………………………104
Auden, W. H. The Living Thoughts of Kierkegaard. New York: New York Review Books, 1999.
Barrett, William. Irrational Man. New York: Anchor Books, 1962.
Bentley, Eric. The Playwright as Thinker: A Study of Drama in Modern Times. NewYork: Reynal &Hitchcock, 1946.
Caws, Peter. Sartre. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.
Camus, Albert. The Rebel. New York: Vintage, 1956.
Cooper, David E. Existentialism: A Reconstruction. Oxford: Blackwell, 1990.
Copleston, Frederick. A History of Philosophy. 8 vols. New York: Garden City, 1965.
Cua, A. S. “Problems of Chinese Moral Philosophy.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy. 27.3 (2000):269-285.
Dawson, Miles Mensnder. The Basic Thoughts of Confucius: The Conduct of Life. New York: Garden City, 1939.
Dhanani, Lynna and Ryan Brizendine. “The Eastern Conceptions of Justice.” The Justice Project. 18 September 2001. 3 May 2005. < http://ccjr.policy.net/>.
Drake, David. “Sartre: Intellectual of the Twentieth Century.” Sartre Studies International. 9 (2003) : 29-39.
Fu, Pei-Jung (傅佩榮). “Human Nature and Human Education: On Human Nature as Tending Toward Goodness in Classical Confucianism.” The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. Series III (Asia) 2 (1991). 20 April 2005 < http://www.crvp.org/pubs.htm#series3>
Gardner, Daniel, et al. Neo-Confucian Reflection on the Confucian Canon. Cambridge: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard U, 1986. 88-94.
Goldthorpe, Rhiannon. Sartre: Literature and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986.
Grene, Marjorie. Introduction to Existentialism. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1948.
Hannay, Alastair. Kierkegaard. London: Routledge. 1991.
Harper, Ralph. Existentialism: A Theory of Man. Cambridge, MA: Crimson Printing Co., 1948.
Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. Trans. John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1962.
Heinemann, F. H. Existentialism and the Modern Predicament. Wesport: Greenwood Press, 1979.
Hsu, Hsei-yung. “Confucius and Act-centered Morality.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy. 27.3 (2000): 331-344.
InfoPedia 2.0. CD-ROM. 1996 ed. Cambridge: SoftKey, 1996.
Kaufmann, Walter. Existentialism: From Dostoevsky to Sartre. New York: New American Library, 1956.
Kierkegaard, Søren. Concluding Unscientific Postscript. Trans. David F. Swenson and Walter Lowrie. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1968.
- - -. Either/Or: II Ed. and trans. Howard. V. Hong and Edna H. Hong. Princeton: New Jersey, 1987. (Abbreviated as E/O2).
- - -. Fear and Trembling. Trans. Walter Lowrie. Princeton: Princeton U P, 1974.
- - -. “Prefatory Aphorisms.” Ed. W. H. Auden. The Living Thoughts of Kierkegaard. New York:New York Review Books, 1999. 3-10.
- - -. “The Present Age.” Ed. W. H. Auden. The Living Thoughts of Kierkegaard. New York:New York Review Books, 1999. 11-40.
- - -. “The Subjective Thinker.” Ed. W. H. Auden. The Living Thoughts of Kierkegaard. New York: New York Review Books, 1999. 111-148.
Mulhall, Stephen. Heidegger and Being and Time. London: Routeldge 1996.
Lai, Chiun-Hsiung (賴俊雄). “Heidegger and Derrida.” Handout. Derrida: Text, Politics and Ethics. NCKU, Tainan, 5 October, 2003. 1.
Lai, Karyn. “Introduction: Feminism and Chinese Philosophy.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy. 27.2 (2000): 127–130.
Lauer, Quentin S. J. The Triumph of Subjectivity: An Introduction to Transcendental Phenomenology. New York: Fordham UP, 1978.
Leys, Simon. The Analects of Confucius. New York: Norton, 1997.
Legge, James. The Chinese Classics: Vol I&II. Taipei: SMC Publishing Inc., 2001.
- - -. The Chinese Classics. 5 vols. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1892.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. “Existentialism.” Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ed. Paul Edwards. New York: Macmillan, 1967. Vol. 3. 147-54.
Mei, Y. P. “The Basics of Social, Ethical, and Spiritual Values.” The Chinese Mind. Ed. Charles A. Moore. Honolulu: U of Hawaii Press, 1986. 149-166.
Philips, John. “Martin Heidegger.” Singapore University. 1 May, 2005. < http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/elljwp/heideggerlifeandwork.htm>
Pucciani, Oreste F. The French Theater Since 1930. New York: Blasidsdell, 1954.
Rose, David. “Sartre and the Problem of Universal Human Nature Revisited.” Sartre Studies International. 9 (2003): 1-20.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism. Trans. Bernard Frechtman. New York: Philosophical Library, 1947.
- - -. No Exit. 1945. The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. 4th continental ed. Ed. Maynard Mack, et al. New York: Norton, 1980. (Abbreviated as NE)
- - -. Sartre on Theater. Ed. Michel Contat et. al. Trans. Frank Jellinek. New York: Pantheon, 1976.
- - -. Jean-Paul Sartre: Essays in Existentialism. Ed. Wade Baskin. New York: Citadel Press, 1993.
“Sartre.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 1 June 2005. 2 Feburary 2005. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sartre>
Sheehan, Tomas. “Martin Heidegger.” A Companion to the Philosophers. Ed. Robert L. Arrington. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. 288-297.
Stack, George J. Sartre’s Philosophy of Social Existence. Missouri: Warren H. Green, 1977.
Storer, Mary Elizabeth. Introduction. Les Jeux Sont Fait. By Jean-Paul Sartre. New York: AppletonCenturyCrofts, 1952.
T’ang, Chün-I. “The Development of Ideas of Spiritual Value.” The Chinese Mind. Ed. Charles A. Moore. Honolulu: U of Hawaii Press, 1986. 188-212.
Tu, Wei-Ming (杜維明). “Confucianism.” Our Religions. Ed. Arvind Sharma. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1993. 139-227.
- - -. Centrality and Commonality: An Essay on Chung Yung. Honolulu: U of Hawaii Press, 1976. 29-30.
Wahl, Jean. Introduction. “The Roots of Existentialism.” Jean-Paul Sartre: Essays in Existentialism. Ed. Wade Baskin. New York: Citadel Press, 1993.
Waley, Arthur. The Analects of Confucius. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1964.
Wawrytko, A. Sandra. “Kongzi as Feminist: Confucian Self-cultivation in a Contemporary Context.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy. 27.2 (2000): 171-186.
Westphal, Merold. Kierkegaard’s Critique of Reason and Society. Pennsylvania: Mercer UP, 1991.
Yao, Xinzhong. “Confucianism.” RoutledgeCurzon Encyclopedia of Confucianism. Ed. Xinzhong Yao. 2 vols. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
Yu, Chien-Chung. “Sartre’s No Exit: Freedom vs. Responsibility.” M.A. Thesis. National Cheng Kung University, 2001.
丁往道 (Ding, Wangdao),《孔子語錄一百則》,台北,台灣商務,1998。 (100 Sayings of Confucius. Taipei: Commercial Press, 1998)
王宗欣 (Wang, Zong-Sin),「儒家宗教性」,《神學與信仰》,北美華人基督教學會會訊 (Chinese Christian Scholars Association in North America),第38期,漢語基督教文化研究所,2003。[“Rujia Zongjiao Sing,” Theology and Religion 38 (2003)]. <http://www.iscs.org.hk/tb38.htm> May 1, 2005。
白 奚 (Bai, Si),「“仁”與“相人偶”――對“仁”字的構形及其原初意義的再考察」,《哲學研究》,第7期,2003,頁50-54。[“An Etymological Study on the Original Meanings and Structure of Ren: Ren and the Interpretation of Face-to-Face.” Philosophy Studies 7 (2003) 50-54.]
傅佩榮 (Fu, Pei-Jung),《儒家哲學新論》,台北,業強出版社,1993。 (A New Interpretation on Confucian Philosophy. Taipei: Yeciang, 1993).
- - -. 《我看哲學》,台北縣新店市,名田文化,2004。(What I Think of Philosophy. Sindian, Taipei County: Mingtian, 2004).
勞思光 (Lao, Sze-Kwang),《存在主義新編》,香港沙田,香港中文大學,1998。(New Series On Existentialism. Shatin, Hong Kong: Hong Kong UP, 1998.)
劉述先 (Liu, Shu-Hsien),讀「〈《儒家革命精神源流考》駁正〉有感」,《二十一世紀》
,第五十四期(8月號),1999,香港沙田 (Shatin, Hong Kong),香港中文大學中文研究所 (Institute of Chinese Studies),頁147-148。[“Further Thoughts on ‘Contra ‘The Origins of the Revolutionary Spirit of Confucianism,’’” Twenty-first Century 54 (1999) 147-148]. 中文網站:http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/ics/21c/index2.htm。English Website: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/ics/21c/index2e.htm. (2 May, 2005).
謝冰瑩等,《新譯四書讀本》,台北,三民,第三版,1990。(New Interpretations on the Four Books. 3rd ed. Taipei: Sanmin, 1990).
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 方南強(民83)。閩南語母語教育的回顧與前瞻。台北市:華文世界雜誌社,華文世界74期。
2. 王順隆(民84)。從近百年的臺灣閩南語教育探討臺灣的語言社會。臺灣文獻,46(3),109-172。
3. 尹廉榮(民84)。本土語言教育的規劃與省思。台北市:華文世界雜誌社,華文世界77期。
4. 江春標(民87)。讓台語教學活絡起來-台語嘛亦通。教師之友,39(3),10-16。
5. 沈添鉦(民80)。簡介「全語言」的語文教學。教師之友,32(4)
6. 姚榮松(民82)。鄉土語言。教師天地, 67,11-15。
7. 洪惟仁(民83)。本土語言教育的問題。現代學術研究專刊,3期,183-192。
8. 施炳華(民87)。母語教學的基本認識。教師之友,39(3),1-6。
9. 紀肇聲(民87)。談鄉土母語教學。教師之友,39(3),7-9。
10. 陳義助(民89)。與從事鄉土語言教學的老師們分享幾個觀點。研習資訊,17(2),10-19。
11. 曹逢甫(民88)。臺灣語言的歷史及其目前的狀態與地位。漢學研究,17(2),313-346。
12. 黃志偉(民90)。力挽語言流失的狂瀾。師友月刊,12,86-89。
13. 湯廷池(民86)。母語教育的理論與實際。台北市;華文世界雜誌社,
14. 曾金金(民90)。九年一貫課程中的閩南語教材教法。國文天地,10(1)。
15. 曾金金(民90)。九年一貫課程中的閩南語教材教法。國文天地,17(1),8-13。