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研究生:陳在鵬
研究生(外文):Thai-Peng Chen
論文名稱:結合數位航電的輕航機之數位儀表系統
論文名稱(外文):Digital Aircraft Instrument System of Ultralight Aircraft with Digital Avionic
指導教授:林清一林清一引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin.E Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:航空太空工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:數位航電航空儀表
外文關鍵詞:flight instrumentdigital avionic
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:317
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  • 下載下載:51
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
  輕航機飛行的運動,在最近已經是變得越來越流行了,而且它在娛樂產業也帶來大量的商機。但是當這麼多人在享受輕航機休閒的樂趣時,飛行安全也一定要全面地考慮到。到目前為止,輕航機的飛行儀表仍舊是傳統類比型儀表,而它們的缺點是成本太高,效益太差。本論文嘗試設計出數位式的航空儀表以便符合以數據匯流排的新航電系統。因此在本論文,將討論所建議的數位式航空儀表,並且設計成適合輕航機的儀表。
  本文所提到的數據匯流排系統,叫做混合式數據匯流排(hybrid data bus)。它已經被設計並且組裝好來測試。除了數據匯流排,也將帶有電子地圖資訊的虛擬儀表整合到座艙的顯示器上,並且利用行動通訊監視來達到低空飛行。整個新的系統設計將為小型飛機帶來數位航電新時代。
 Ultralight sport has become more and more popular brings huge opportunities in entertainment business. When people enjoy this entertainment, the flight safety must be considered in full. As far as instruments of ultralight aircraft, they almost are analogy. Their defects are too expensive and poor operation effect. In this thesis, we try design the digital aircraft instrument to join the new avionic data bus system. In this thesis, the proposed digital aircraft instrument is designed to meet ultralight aircraft demands.
 The proposed data bus system is called hybrid data bus (HDB), which is designed and fabricated for test as a preliminary solution. In addition to data bus system, a virtual flight instrument with geographic information system (GIS) is integrated into cockpit display together with mobile communication surveillance for low altitude flight. The overall system design will bring in new era of digital avionics for small aircrafts.
ABSTRACT......................................................................I
LIST OF FIGURES..............................................................VI
LIST OF TABLES..............................................................VII
CHAPTER I.....................................................................1
INTRODUCTION..................................................................1
1.1 Motivation................................................................1
1.2 Research goal.............................................................2
1.3 Overview of the thesis....................................................3
CHAPTER II....................................................................4
AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS..........................................................4
2.1 Pitot-Static System Instrument.......................................4
2.1.1 Airspeed Indicator...................................................4
2.1.2 Altimeter............................................................8
2.1.3 Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)......................................10
2.2 Gyro Instruments....................................................11
2.2.1 Heading Indicator......................................................13
2.2.2 Artificial Horizon Indicator........................................13
2.2.3 Turn coordinator....................................................15
2.3 Electronic Instrument...............................................16
2.3.1 EADI...................................................................17
2.3.2 EHSI...................................................................17
2.3.3 EICAS..................................................................17
2.3.4 Head Up Displays (HUD).................................................18
2.4 The Application of Computers in the Aircraft........................19
CHAPTER III..................................................................22
HYBRID DATA BUS (HDB)........................................................22
3.1 HDB System Architecture.............................................22
3.2 Component of HDB IP Board...........................................23
3.2.1 CAN Controller- SJA1000.............................................23
3.2.2 CAN Transceiver- PCA82C250..........................................25
3.2.3 Optical Couplers- PC910L............................................25
3.2.4 Voltage Regulators- MIC29150........................................25
3.2.5 Voltage Regulators- LP2950..........................................26
3.3 Circuit Design for HDB..............................................26
3.4 HDB Programming.....................................................29
3.4.1 Human Interface.....................................................29
3.4.2 Firmware............................................................29
CHAPTER IV...................................................................31
DESIGN OF DIGITAL AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENT........................................31
4.1 The Layout of Aircraft Instrument...................................31
4.1.1 The Used Tools......................................................31
4.1.2 The Framework of Digital Aircraft Instrument........................31
4.1.3 The Layout of Six Indicators Panel on Digital Aircraft Instrument...32
4.2 The Simulation of the Digital Aircraft Instrument...................41
4.3 Discussions.........................................................43
CHAPTER V....................................................................45
HDB DEMO TEST................................................................45
5.1 HDB demo architecture...............................................45
5.2. The test of real operation..........................................46
5.3 Discussions.........................................................49
CHAPTER VI...................................................................50
CONCLUSION...................................................................50
REFERENCES...................................................................51
[1]品航科技網, available from website:
http://www.xyn.com.tw/
[2]民用航空法, available from website:
http://db.lawbank.com.tw/FLAW/FLAWDAT0201.asp
[3]E. Pallett, Aircraft Instruments & Integrated Systems, Longman Scientific & Technical, First published 1992.
[4]M. F. Henderson, Aircraft Instruments and Avionics For A & P Technicians, IAP, Inc., 1993
[5]A. Stokes, C. Wickens, K. Kite, Display Technology Human Factor Concepts, Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1990.
[6]H. Kopetz, “TTP/A Protocol,” TTTech, July 1999. Available at: http://www.ttpforum.org.
[7]Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd., available from website:
http://www.moxa.com.tw/product/Multiport_Serial_Boards/PCI_Boards/C168H_PCI.htm
[8]Philips, “SJA1000 Stand-alone CAN Controller,” December 1997, available from website:
http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/acrobat/datasheets/SJA1000_3.pdf
[9]Philips, “PCA82C250 CAN Controller Interface,” January 2000, available from website:
http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/acrobat/datasheets/PCA82C250_5.pdf
[10]C. E. Lin, C. C. Li, “A Real Time GPRS Surveillance System using the Embedded System”, AIAA Journal of Aerospace Computer, Information and Communication, Vol. 1, No. 1, January 2004, pp. 44-59.
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