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研究生:洪建智
研究生(外文):Chien-Che Huang
論文名稱:高中籃球運動員三向度運動目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationships of Three-dimension Goal Orientation, Group Cohesion, and Dropout Intention Among High School Basketball Players
指導教授:季力康季力康引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Kang Chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:退出意圖三向度目標取向社會取向團隊凝聚力
外文關鍵詞:Dropout intentionGroup cohesionsocial goal orientationThree-dimension goal orientation
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本研究的目的在於:1.探討三向度運動目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖的相關情形。2.探討三向度運動目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖的因果模式。研究對象為參加九十三學年度全國高中籃球甲級聯賽預賽的球員,共233位。其中男生133位、女生100位,分別來自7支男子球隊和7支女子球隊,平均年齡16.29±0.99歲。採調查研究法,以「三向度運動目標取向量表」、「團隊情境量表」和「退出意圖量表」為研究工具。由皮爾遜積差相關顯示,社會目標取向與工作凝聚力、社會凝聚力呈正相關;而與退出意圖呈負相關。工作目標取向與工作凝聚力、社會凝聚力呈正相關;而與退出意圖呈負相關。工作凝聚力和社會凝聚力則皆與退出意圖呈負相關。以徑路分析得知,顯示在直接效果的部分,社會凝聚力、工作凝聚力可負向預測退出意圖;工作取向可直接負向預測退出意圖。在間接效果部分,社會取向可透過社會凝聚力和工作凝聚力而間接影響退出意圖;自我取向可透過工作凝聚力而間接影響退出意圖;工作取向則會透過社會凝聚力而間接影響退出意圖。根據研究結果與討論,本研究針對實際應用與未來研究提出建議。
The purposes of the study were to examine: (1) the relationship between three-dimension goal orientation, group cohesion, and dropout intention. (2) the causal model of three-dimension goal orientation, group cohesion, and dropout. Participant were 233 (average age=16.29±.99 years) high school student athletes sampled from Taiwanese High Basketball League (HBL) with 7 teams including 100 females and with 7 teams including 133 males. Each participant completed Chinese-version of Three-dimension Achievement Goal Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ), and Dropout Intention Scale. The results of Pearson correlation indicated that social orientation was positively related to task cohesion and social cohesion; and negatively related to dropout intention. Task orientation was positively related to task cohesion and social cohesion; and negatively related to dropout intention. Task cohesion and social cohesion were negatively related to dropout intention. The results of path analysis indicated that dropout intention was negatively predicted by social cohesion and task cohesion. Dropout intention was negatively predicted by task orientation. Social cohesion and task cohesion played as important mediators in terms of goal orientation predicting dropout intention. Based on the results of this study, the implications and future directions are proposed.
目 錄
第壹章 緒論 ------------------------------------------------------------ 1
  第一節 研究動機 -------------------------------------------------------- 1
  第二節 研究目的 -------------------------------------------------------- 11
  第三節 研究問題 -------------------------------------------------------- 11
  第四節 名詞解釋 -------------------------------------------------------- 12
第貳章 文獻探討 ------------------------------------------------------ 14
  第一節 成就目標理論 -------------------------------------------------- 14
  第二節 團隊凝聚力之理論與相關研究 ------------------------------- 20
  第三節 目標取向與團隊凝聚力之相關研究 -------------------------- 29
  第四節 目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖之相關研究 ----------- 31
  第五節 研究假設 -------------------------------------------------------- 33
第參章 研究方法 ------------------------------------------------------ 34
  第一節 研究架構 -------------------------------------------------------- 34
  第二節 研究對象 -------------------------------------------------------- 35
  第三節 研究工具 -------------------------------------------------------- 36
  第四節 實施步驟 -------------------------------------------------------- 38
  第五節 資料處理 -------------------------------------------------------- 39
第肆章 研究結果 ------------------------------------------------------ 40
  第一節 基本描述統計和簡單相關 ------------------------------------- 40
  第二節 目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖的因果模式 ------------ 42
第伍章 討論 ------------------------------------------------------------ 46
  第一節 目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖的相關情形 ------------ 46
  第二節 目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖的因果模式 ------------ 48
第陸章 結論與建議 ------------------------------------------------------ 52
  第一節 結論 -------------------------------------------------------------- 52
  第二節 建議 -------------------------------------------------------------- 53
參考文獻 ----------------------------------------------------------------- 55
  中文部分 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 55
  英文部分 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 57
附錄 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 63
  附錄一 三向度運動目標取向量表 ------------------------------------- 64
  附錄二 團隊情境量表 -------------------------------------------------- 67
  附錄三 退出意圖量表 --------------------------------------------------- 68

表 目 錄
表3-1 各校參與者人數明細表 ---------------------------------------------------- 35
表4-1 全體參與者在各變項上的描述統計 -------------------------------------- 40
表4-2 各變項間的簡單相關矩陣 ------------------------------------------------- 41
表4-3 以退出意圖為效標變項之徑路分析摘要表 ------------------------------ 42
表4-4 以社會凝聚力為效標變項之徑路分析摘要表 --------------------------- 43
表4-5 以工作凝聚力為效標變項之徑路分析摘要表 --------------------------- 44

圖 目 錄
圖 3-1 研究架構圖 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 34
圖 4-1 目標取向與團隊凝聚力及退出意圖之徑路分析圖 ------------------- 45
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