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研究生:王重堯
研究生(外文):Chong-Yao Wang
論文名稱:營建企業電子化導入之投入效率與策略決策
論文名稱(外文):Decision of Construction Enterprise E-Business Expenditure Strategy based on Input Efficiency
指導教授:曾仁杰曾仁杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ren-Jye Dzeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:土木工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:137
中文關鍵詞:企業電子化投入策略效率資料包絡分析
外文關鍵詞:E-Businessinput strategyefficiencydata envelope analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:140
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
為因應現今資訊化的環境,近年來營建業正逐步開始推廣電子化之導入,然目前國內營建業在電子化導入議題遭遇投入等管理問題,對營建產業電子化推動之發展造成影響,係因缺乏完整的投入策略模式所致。
本研究利用資料包絡分析法等工具,藉蒐集營建企業電子化導入的成本與績效等資訊,分析營建企業電子化導入之投入效率,嘗試規劃出適用於營建企業導入電子化之投入策略修正模式,協助營建企業透過投入與績效之修正有效提高電子化導入效率,增加電子化導入效益,並提升產業競爭力。
研究最主要的成果為營建產業主要企業電子化導入的投入策略修正模式,其中包含產業中主要企業的各項電子化效率目標、成本投入分配與績效目標的建議、以及企業電子化投入策略規劃的主要方針。管理階層可透過利用此一模式,提升企業內的電子化導入的效率,成果,以及管理品質。

關鍵字:企業電子化、投入策略、效率、資料包絡分析
Recently the construction industry has been gradually generalizing the E-Business implementation in response to the IT environment. However many domestic firms have encountered input and managing problems, which are ascribable to the lack of a sound strategic input model.
By the adoption of ‘Data Envelope Aalysis’, this study analyzes the E-Business implementation cost, performance, and efficiency. With these analysis this study will build a model which can instruct a firm’s strategic input advices of E-Business implementing, including the adjustment and management of relative cost and performance, which help the improvement of implementation efficiency and benefits.
The main effert of this study is to build a model of input efficiency and strategic advices of E-Business implementation in construction firms, including the allocation of cost, the managing goal of performance, and the strategic advices to each firm. By utilizing this model, the managers will be capable to manage their E-Business implementations very well.

Keywords:E-Business implementation, input strategy, efficiency, Data Envelope Analysis
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究範圍與限制 2
1.4 研究方法與流程 2
第二章 營建企業電子化文獻回顧 4
2.1 企業電子化 4
2.2 常見之電子化工具 5
2.3 企業電子化之策略分析 6
2.4 營建企業電子化現況 9
第三章 企業電子化策略模型建立 17
3.1 策略模型基礎架構 17
3.2 績效評估與平衡計分卡 18
3.3 電子化資源與投入 22
3.4 資料包絡分析(Data Envelope Analysis, DEA) 24
3.4.1 效率衡量方式 26
3.4.2 CCR固定規模(constant return on scale, CRS)DEA分析 29
3.4.3 BCC變動規模報酬(variant returns to scale, VRS)DEA分析 31
3.5 管理目標與策略之形成 34
第四章 營建企業導入電子化之效率模式之建立 37
4.1 成本項目與績效指標之選取 38
4.1.1 成本項目選取 38
4.1.2 績效指標選取 43
4.2 企業訪談問題與問卷項目設計 47
4.3 企業基本與電子化相關資料分析 48
4.4 企業電子化成本與績效項目分析 49
4.5 DEA效率計算與分析 50
4.5.1 企業電子化導入投入效率分析 57
4.5.2 電子化導入效率特性分析 62
4.5.3 電子化導入之投入策略規劃 64
第五章 電子化效率策略模型實證分析 69
5.1 受訪企業之電子化投入概況 69
5.2 電子化成本投入指標之關連性分析 74
5.3 電子化績效指標之關連性分析 79
5.4 電子化投入技術效率與規模效率分析 87
5.4.1 常態性電子化投入技術與規模效率分析 88
5.4.2 集中性電子化投入技術與規模效率分析 90
5.5 效率標竿(benchmark)分析 92
5.5.1 常態電子化投入效率標竿分析 92
5.5.2 集中電子化投入效率標竿分析 94
5.6 企業電子化導入之投入目標分析 95
5.7 電子化導入投入及產出導向之分析 112
5.7.1 常態電子化導入投入--產出導向分析 113
5.7.2 集中電子化導入投入--產出導向分析 113
5.8 常態性電子化投入是否協助專案導入之分析 114
5.9 集中性電子化投入是否與企業IT資源配合之分析 115
5.10 營建業電子化導入之投入策略定位與規劃 116
第六章 研究結論與建議 124
6.1 研究結論 124
6.2 後續研究之建議 126
參考文獻 128
附錄一 營建企業導入電子化投入策略之研究調查問卷 131
附錄二 論文口試委員建議與修訂 136
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呂建成,企業電子化策略方案評選之研究,大葉大學碩士論文,民國91年6月。
曾仁杰、彭德保,營建業供應鏈電子化效益評估指標之建立與推廣應用,中華民國營建管理協會,民國92年11月。
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