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研究生:高志名
研究生(外文):Chih-Ming Kao
論文名稱:預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Anticipatory Registration and Fast Handovers for Hierarchical Mobile IPv6
指導教授:陳彥文陳彥文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yen-Wen Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:通訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:階層化行動式IPv6快速換手行動式IPv6行動式IPv6
外文關鍵詞:mobile IPv6fast handoversanticipatory registrationFMIPv6HMIPv6
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本文為在行動網路上之預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6研究,行動式IPv6可以整合快速換手行動式IPv6及階層化行動式IPv6來分別得到這兩種方式的好處,快速換手行動式IPv6的好處為讓行動節點換手時擁有較低的換手延遲,而階層化行動式IPv6則是可以透過使用行動錨點來減少換手控制訊號的個數,但是快速行動式IPv6會產生TCP序號錯亂的問題而有待解決。
本文描述預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6如何去調整在階層化行動式IPv6上之快速換手行動式IPv6的控制訊號流程及克服快速行動式IPv6所產生TCP序號錯亂的問題。預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6使用快速區域連結更新來同時達成預先註冊及快速換手的效果。而本文模擬結果顯示本文提出的方法可以確實改善TCP序號錯亂的問題、減少換手延遲和控制訊號在行動網路上的負荷。
This paper addresses the scheme of Anticipatory Registration and Fast Handovers for Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (AFHMIPv6) in the mobile networks. The performance of MIPv6 mobility could be further enhanced by combining both of FMIPv6 and HMIPv6. The advantage of combining FMIPv6 and HMIPv6 is that the overall handover latency of traditional FMIPv6 can be more reduced through the use of Mobile Anchor Points (MAP) in HMIPv6. Furthermore, a great amount of signaling among MN, CN and HA can also be reduced. However, there remains the problem of sequence disruption (i.e., out of sequence) in TCP streams that needs to be solved.
The proposed AFHMIPv6 scheme overcomes the above problem by adjusting the signaling flows of FMIPv6 for HMIPv6. In AFHMIPv6, the fast local binding update message is applied to achieve anticipatory registration and fast handovers simultaneously. Our simulation results show that the proposed scheme can effectively improve the out of sequence problem, reduce handover latency and signaling overhead in mobile IPv6 network.
圖目錄.......................II
表目錄.......................IV
第一章 緒論.......................1
1.1 前言.......................1
1.2 研究動機.......................2
1.3 論文架構.......................3
第二章 相關研究背景.......................4
2.1 行動式IP與行動式IPv6之名詞介紹.......................4
2.2 行動式IP.......................5
2.3 行動式IPv6.......................7
2.3.1 簡介.......................7
2.3.2 運作模式.......................9
2.4 階層化行動式IPv6.......................15
2.5 快速換手行動式IPv6.......................17
第三章 效能分析.......................21
3.1 行動式IPv6的換手延遲分析.......................21
3.2 TCP號碼順序錯亂問題之分析.......................25
第四章 預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6.......................28
4.1預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6-微觀移動.......................28
4.2預先註冊之快速換手階層化行動式IPv6-巨觀移動.......................32
第五章 模擬環境、結果與討論.......................37
5.1 模擬環境與參數.......................37
5.2 模擬結果與討論.......................40
第六章 結論與未來研究.......................57
參考文獻.......................58
[1] C. Perkins, Ed., ”IP Mobility Support for IPv4 “, RFC3344, August 2002。
[2] D. Johnson, C. Perkins, J. Arkko, ”Mobility Support in IPv6 “, RFC3775, June 2004。
[3] P.S0001-B, ” Wireless IP Network Standard”, 25 October 2002。
[4] Rajeev Koodli, Ed., ”Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6”, RFC4068, July 2005。
[5] Hesham Soliman, Claude Catelluccia, Karim El Malki, Ludovic Bellier, ” Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 mobility management (HMIPv6)”, draft-ietf-mipshop-hmipv6-04, December 2004。
[6] Dongwook Lee, JongWon Kim, ” Delayed-Duplicated ACK (DDA) Algorithm for TCP Performance Enhancement to Overcome Packet Sequence Disruption in Fast-handoff of Mobile IPv6”, Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, 24th International Conference on 2004 Page (s) : 98 – 103, 2004。
[7] T. Narten, E. Nordmark, W. Simpson, ” Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6) “, RFC2461, December 1998。
[8] S. Thomson, T. Narten ,” IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration” ,RFC2462 ,December 1998。
[9] R. Hinden, S. Deering ,” Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Addressing Architecture” ,RFC3513 ,April 2003。
[10] J. Arkko, V. Devarapalli, F. Dupont ,” Using IPsec to Protect Mobile IPv6 Signaling Between Mobile Nodes and Home Agents” ,RFC3776 ,June 2004。
[11] Arunesh Mishra, Minho Shin, William Arbaugh ,” An Empirical Analysis of the IEEE 802.11 MAC Layer Handoff Process” ,ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review ,Volume 33 ,Issue 2 ,Pages: 93 – 102 , April 2003。
[12] Hee Young Jung, Seok Joo Koh, Hesham Soliman, Karim El-Malki, Bryan Hartwell ,” Fast Handover for Hierarchical MIPv6 (F-HMIPv6)” , draft-jung-mobileip-fastho-hmipv6-04 ,June 2004。
[13] Youngjune Gwon, James Kempf, Alper Yegin ,” Scalability and Robustness Analysis of Mobile IPv6, Fast Mobile IPv6, Hierarchical Mobile IPv6, and Hybrid IPv6 Mobility Protocols Using a Large-scale Simulation” ,Communications ,2004 IEEE International Conference ,Volume 7 ,Page (s) : 4087 - 4091 ,June 2004。
[14] Robert Hsieh, Zhe Guang Zhou ,” S-MIP: a seamless handoff architecture for mobile IP” ,INFOCOM 2003 ,Twenty-Second Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies ,IEEE Volume 3 ,30 March-3 April 2003 Page (s) : 1774 – 1784 ,March 2003。
[15] The Network Simulator - ns-2 ,http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/
[16] MobiWan : NS-2 extensions to study mobility in Wide-Area IPv6 Networks ,http://www.inrialpes.fr/planete/mobiwan/
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