跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.211.31.134) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/07/13 00:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳富美
研究生(外文):Judy Fuh-Meei Chen
論文名稱:流行病與災難對民眾的感染風險認知、工作壓力與情緒影響之研究—以SARS為例
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Epidemics and Disasters on Perceived Risk, Job Tension and Emotions—The Impact of SARS
指導教授:張火燦張火燦引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huo-Tsan Chang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:工業教育與技術學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:感染風險認知工作壓力情緒嚴重急性呼吸道症候群流行病結構方程模式
外文關鍵詞:Perceived RiskJob TensionEmotionsSARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)EpidemicStructural Equation Modeling
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:374
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:10
現今環境充斥著致命的流行病與災難,然而,有關流行病與災難如何衝擊員工之相關研究卻付之闋如。鑑於相關研究文獻尚少,本研究探討SARS對民眾的個人感染風險認知、社會感染風險認知、工作壓力與情緒影響之相互關係及相互影響。本研究以國內民眾為對象,分別於SARS流行期間(SARS期間)及後SARS期(非SARS期間)進行網路問卷,回收有效問卷共872份。本研究使用因素分析、結構方程模式等統計分析方法(分別在SARS流行期間及後SARS期間)分析個人感染風險認知、社會感染風險認知、工作壓力與情緒四變項間的相互關係及影響研究,然後,並利用結構方程模式統計分析方法進行SARS流行期間及後SARS期之比較研究。
本研究結果發現無論在SARS流行期間或後SARS期間,民眾的社會感染風險認知與工作壓力為正相關、民眾的社會感染風險認知與個人感染風險認知為正相關、工作壓力與正面情緒則呈現負相關。SARS流行期間及後SARS期之比較研究結果發現:在SARS流行期間,民眾所認知個人感染風險提高並相應於正面情緒之降低,達統計顯著水準。而在後SARS期(非SARS期間)個人感染風險認知與情緒之影響關係卻未達統計顯著水準。
本研究結論:以SARS為情例,唯有實浸於危機時,民眾才會覺得有個人感染的風險,而個人情緒則分別受個人感染風險認知及工作壓力兩個路徑的負向影響。
In the current environment of deadly epidemics, disasters and terrorist threats, there is a noticeable lack of research on how such potential events impact employees. This research explores the relationship of SARS to job tension, emotions, perceived personal risk and perceived social risk through analyses of survey data collected over the Web from 872 respondents during (SARS period) and after the SARS epidemic(Non-SARS period) in Taiwan. Factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used to test proposed models of relationships among the four main variables. These two resulting models (during and after SARS) were compared through SEM competing model testing in order to describe unique developments related to the SARS epidemic.
Results found support for a positive link between perceptions of social risk and job tension and between social risk and perceptions of personal risk (both during and after SARS). Job tension, both during and after SARS, corresponded negatively to positive emotions. Unique to the SARS period was the finding that personal risk increases corresponded to decreases in positive emotions.
This research concluded that only during an actual crisis do people personally feel risk (in the case of SARS). The individual’s emotions are threatened by two paths, one from the feelings of personal risk, and one from job tension.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHINESE ABSTRACT I
ENGLISH ABSTRACT II
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS III
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF FIGURES V
LIST OF TABLES VI
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1
Research Background 1
Purpose of the Study 2
Rationale of the Study 2
Research Flow 3
Definitions of Terms 3
CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE 6
Epidemic History 8
Psychological Measures 14
Epidemic Diffuse: Job tension 15
Epidemic Diffuse: Emotions 16
Epidemic Specific: Social Risk 17
Epidemic Specific: Personal Risk 18
CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY 21
Research Framework and Hypotheses 21
Design of the Study 25
SARS Period 27
Sampling Design 27
Survey Instrument 34
Data Collection 36
Data Analysis 44
Non-SARS Period 44
Sampling Design 47
Survey Instrument 50
Data Collection 50
Data Analysis 51
Comparative Analysis 52
CHAPTER IV RESULTS 54
SARS Period 54
Sample 54
Results 55
Hypothesis Results 59
Non-SARS Period 60
Sample 60
Results 63
Hypotheses Results 66
Competing Models Testing 68
Conclusion 70
CHAPTER V DISCUSSION & IMPLICATIONS 71
Discussion 71
Implications 75
Limitations 81
REFERENCES 83
APPENDIXES 92
Appendix A--Online survey instrument 93
Appendix B--Covariance matrix SARS period results 110
Appendix C--Covariance matrix non-SARS period results 111
Ahern, J., Galea, S., Resnick, H., Kilpatrick, D., Bucuvalas, M., Gold, J., et al. (2002). Television images and psychological symptoms after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Psychiatry, 65, 289-300.
Arbuckle, J. L. (2003). AMOS (Version Version 5.0) [Computer software]. Chicago, IL: Small Waters Corporation.
Ashforth, B. E., Kreiner, G. E., & Fugate, M. (2000). All in a day's work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25(3), 472-491. Retrieved July
Barry, J. M. (2004). The site of origin of the 1918 influenza pandemic and its public health implications. Journal of Translational Medicine, 2(1), 3-6. Retrieved January
Baum, A., Fleming, I., Israel, A., & O'Keeffee, M. K. (1992). Symptoms of chronic stress following a natural disaster and discovery of a human-made hazard. Environment and Behavior, 24(3), 347. Retrieved May
Baum, A., O'Keeffee, M. K., & Davidson, L. M. (1990). Acute stressors and chronic response: The case of traumatic stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 1643-1654.
Beck, U. (1992). The risk society: Towards a new modernity (M. Ritter, Trans.). London: Sage.
Bennett, L., Michie, P., & Kippax, S. (1991). Quantitative analysis of burnout and its associated factors in AIDS nursing. AIDS Care, 3(2), 181-192.
Bhagat, R. S. (1983). Effects of stressful life events on individual performance effectiveness within organizational settings: A research model. The Academy of Management Review, 8(4), 660-671. Retrieved Oct.
Blank, C. (2000). Beating the banner ad. American Demographics, June, 42-44.
Boccaccio, G. (2002). The Decameron (M. Musa & P. Bondanella, Trans.). New York: Signet.
Buchanan, T., & Smith, J. L. (1999). Using the Internet for psychological research: Personality testing on the World Wide Web. British Journal of Psychology, 90, 125-144. Retrieved Feb.
Byron, K., & Peterson, S. (2002). The impact of a large-scale traumatic event on individual and organizational outcomes: Exploring employee and company reactions to September 11, 2001. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(8), 895-910. Retrieved December
Camus, A. (1947). The Plague. London: Penguin Group.
Cantor, N. (2002). In the wake of the plague: The black death & the world it made. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Caplan, P. (2000). Eating British beef with confidence: A consideration of consumers' responses to BSE in Britain. In P. Caplan (Ed.), Risk Revisited (pp. 184-203). London: Pluto Press.
Center for Disease Control. (2003). The State of CDC FY 2003. Washington, DC: Center for Disease Control.
Chemtob, C. M., Nakashima, J. P., & Hamada, R. S. (2002). Psychosocial intervention for postdisaster trauma symptoms in elementary school children: A controlled community field study. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 156(3), 211-216.
Cook, T., & Campbell, D. T. (1979). Validity. In Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues in a Field Setting (pp. 37-94). Chicago: Rand McNally.
Cox, K., & Walker, D. (1993). User Interface Design. New York: Prentice Hall.
Crichton, M. (1969). The Andromeda strain. New York: Knopf.
Defoe, D. (1999). A Journal of the Plague Year. Oxford: Oxford Univerity Press.
Dekker, S. W., & Schaufeli, W. B. (1995). Australian Psychologist. The effects of job insecurity on psychological health and withdrawal: a longitudinal study, 30, 57–63.
Eagle, B. W., Miles, E. W., & Icenogle, M. L. (1997). Interrole Conflicts and the Permeability of Work and Family Domains: Are There Gender Differences? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50(2), 168-184. Retrieved April
Fischler, M. A., & Firschein, O. (1987). Intelligence: The Eye, the Brain, and the Computer. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.
Fischman, M. W. (2000). Informed consent. In S. D. Sales & S. Folkman (Eds.), Ethics in Research with Human Participants (pp. 35-48). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Freedgood, E. (2000). Victorian Writing About Risk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Freedman, D., Pisani, R., & Purves, R. (1997). Statistics (3rd ed.). New York: Norton & Company.
Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-Family Balance. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Frone, M. R., Russell, M., & Barnes, G. M. (1996). Work-family conflict, gender, and health-related outcomes: A study of employed parents in two community samples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1), 57-69.
Gelade, G. A., & Ivery, M. (2003). The impact of human resource management and work climate on organizational performance. Personnel Psychology, 56(2), 383-404. Retrieved Summer
Green, B. L., Lindy, J. D., & Grace, M. C. (1994). Psychological effects of toxic contamination. In R. J. Ursano, B. G. McCaughey & C. S. Fullerton (Eds.), Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster: The Structure of Human Chaos (pp. 154-176). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Groves, R. (1989). Survey Errors and Survey Costs. New York: John Wiley.
Hamill, J. (1997). The Internet and international marketing. International Marketing Review, 14(5), 300-323.
Harvard School of Public Health. (2003). Survey Finds SARS Having a Significant Psychological, Economic Impact On Lives of Toronto Residents. Retrieved June 10, 2002, from http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/press/releases/press06162003.html
Havlena, W. J., & Holbrook, M. (1986). The varieties of consumption experience: Comparing two typologies of emotions in consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 13(December), 394-404.
Hershatter, G. (1997). Dangerous Pleasures: Prostitution and Modernity in Twentieth-Century Shanghai. Berkeley: University of California Press.
House, R. J., & Rizzo, J. R. (1972). Role conflict and ambiguity as critical variables in a model of organizational behavior. Organization Behavior and Human Performance, 7, 467-505.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1-55.
Jeney-Gammon, P., Daugherty, T. K., Finch, A. J. J., Belter, R. W., & Foster, K. Y. (1993). Children's coping styles and report of depressive symptoms following a natural disaster. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 154(2), 259. Retrieved Jun
Joffe, H. (1999). Risk and 'The Other'. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kerlinger, F. N., & Lee, H. B. (2000). Foundations of Behavioral Research (Fourth ed.). New York: Harcourt College Publishers.
Krieg, J. P. (1992). Epidemics in the Modern World. New York: Twayne Publishers.
Ledoux, J. E., & Gorman, J. M. (2001). A call to action: Overcoming anxiety through active coping. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(12), 1953-1955. Retrieved December
Lefcourt, H. M., & Davidson-Katz, K. (1991). Locus of control and health. In C. R. Snyder & D. R. Forsyth (Eds.), Handbook of social and clinical psychology (pp. 246-266). New York: Pergamon Press.
Li, H., & Bukovac, J. L. (1999). Cognitive impact of banner ad characteristics: An experimental study. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 76(2), 341-353.
Lynch, J. G., Jr. (1999). Theory and external validity. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 27(3), 367-376.
Mattiasson, I., Lindgarde, F., Nilsson, J. A., & Theorell, T. (1990). Threat of unemployment and cardiovascular risk factors: longitudinal study of quality of sleep and serum cholesterol concentrations in men threatened with redundancy. BMJ, 301, 461-466.
Maxwell, S. E., & Delaney, H. D. (1989). Designing Experiments and Analyzing Data. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
McCarthy, T. (2000, February, 28). China Dot Now. Time, 16-23.
McCulloch, J. (1995). Colonial Psychiatry and the African Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mehrabian, A., & Russell, J. (1974). An Approach to Environmental Psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Mol, A. P. J., & Spaargaren, G. (1993). Environment, modernity and the risk-society: The apocalyptic horizon of environmental reform. International Sociology, 8(4), 431-459.
Montgomery, D. C. (1984). Design & Analysis of Experiments. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Mossholder, K. W., Settoon, R. P., Armenakis, A. A., & Harris, S. G. (2000). Emotion during organizational transformations: An interactive model of survivor reactions. Group & Organization Management, 25(3), 220. Retrieved Sep 2000
Myers, L. B., & Brewin, C. R. (1996). Illusions of well-being and the repressive coping style. British Journal of Social Psychology, 35(4), 443-457.
Nelson, D. L., & Simmons, B. L. (2003). Health psychology and work stress: A more positive approach. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology (pp. 97-119). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Norris, F. H., Friedman, M. J., & Watson, P. J. (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001. Psychiatry, 65(3), 207-239. Retrieved Fall
Norris, F. H., & Uhl, G. A. (1993). Chronic stress as a mediator of acute stress: The case of Hurricane Hugo. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23, 1263-1284.
North, C. S., & Pfefferbaum, B. (2002). Research on the mental health effects of terrorism. JAMA, 288(5), 633-636. Retrieved Aug 7
Oldstone, M. B. A. (1998). Viruses, Plagues, and History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pirisi, A. (2003). Getting ready for SARS. The Lancet, 362(9396), 1632-1633. Retrieved Nov.
Poe, E. A. (1984). King Pest: A Tale containing an Allegory. In Complete Stories and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe (pp. 555-563). New York: Doubleday.
Preston, R. (1995). The Hot Zone: A Terrifying True Story. New York: Random House.
Quelch, J. A., & Klein, L. K. (1996). The Internet and international marketing. Sloan Management Review, Spring, 60-75.
Rhodes, R. (1997). Deadly Feasts: Tracking the Secrets of a Terrifying New Plague. New York: Touchstone.
Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations, 5th Edition. New York, NY: Free Press.
Rojas, V. M., & Kleiner, B. H. (2001). The art and science of effective stress management. Management Research News, 24(3/4), 86-89.
Said, E. W. (1978). Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. London: Penguin Books.
Sanchez, J. I., Korbin, W. P., & Viscarra, D. M. (1995). Corporate support in the aftermath of a natural disaster: Effects of employee strains. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2), 504-521. Retrieved Apr.
Schlenger, W. E., Caddell, J. M., Ebert, L., Jordan, B. K., Rourke, K. M., Wilson, D., et al. (2002). Psychological reactions to terrorist attacks: Findings from the National Study of Americans' Reactions to September 11. JAMA, 288(5), 581-588. Retrieved Aug 7
Shamai, M. (1999). Experiencing and coping with stress of political uncertainty: Gender differences among mental health professionals. Families in Society, 80(1), 41. Retrieved Jan/Feb
Snodgrass, M. E. (2003). World Epidemics: A Cultural Chronology of Disease from Prehistory to the Era of SARS. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.
Spielberger, C. D., Vagg, P. R., & Wasala, C. F. (2003). Occupational stress: Job pressures and lack of support. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology (pp. 185-200). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Stanton, J. M. (1998). An empirical assessment of data collection using the Internet. Personnel Psychology, 51, 711-725.
Sudman, S., & Blair, E. (1999). Sampling in the twenty-first century. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 27(2), 269-277.
Taiwan CDC. (2003). Memoir of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Control in Taiwan. Taipei: Center for Disease Control, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Taiwan.
Tetrick, L. E., & Quick, J. C. (2003). Prevention at work: Public health in occupational settings. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology (pp. 3-17). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Theorell, T. (2003). To be able to exert control over one's own situation: A necessary condition for coping with stressors. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology (pp. 201-219). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Tourangeau, R., & Smith, T. M. (1996). The Impact of Data Collection Mode, Question Format, and Question Context. Public Opinion Quarterly, 60(2), 275-304.
Tuchman, B. W. (1978). Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. New York: Random House.
Tuten, T. L., Bosnjak, M., & Bandilla, W. (1999). Banner-advertised Web surveys. Marketing Research(Winter/Spring), 17-21.
Ursano, R. J., & McCarrol, J. E. (1994). Exposure to traumatic death: The nature of the stressor. In R. J. Ursano, B. G. McCaughey & C. S. Fullerton (Eds.), Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster: The Structure of Human Chaos (pp. 46-71). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vahtera, J., Kivimaki, M., & Pentti, J. (1997). Effect of organisational downsizing on health of employees. The Lancet, 350(9085), 1124-1128. Retrieved Oct 18
Watts, J. (1999). Tokyo terrorist attack: Effects still felt 4 years on. The Lancet, 353(9152), 569. Retrieved Febuary 13
Waugh, B. (2003). Economic recovery in the wake of SARS. Retrieved June 10, 2004, from http://www.asiaiq.com/news/articles_20031001_01_eng.htm
Weinstein, N. D., & Klein, W. M. (1996). Unrealistic optimism: Present and future. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 15(1), 1-8.
Weinstein, N. D., Lyon, J. E., Rothman, A. J., & Cuite, C. L. (2000). Changes in perceived vulnerability following natural disaster. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19(3), 372-395. Retrieved Fall
Weisaeth, L. (1994). Psychological and psychiatric aspects of technological disasters. In R. J. Ursano, B. G. McCaughey & C. S. Fullerton (Eds.), Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster: The Structure of Human Chaos (pp. 72–102). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
World Health Organization. (2003). Summary of probable SARS cases. Retrieved May 20, 2004, from http://www.who.int/csr/sars/country/table2004_04_21/en/
World Health Organization. (2004). The World Health Report 2004. New York: United Nations.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top