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研究生:陳威良
研究生(外文):Wally Chen
論文名稱:利用網路層/資料連結層位址解析在行動網際網路中的網路層預先換手機制
論文名稱(外文):Proactive Handover for Mobile IPv6 with Network/MAC Layer Address Resolution
指導教授:趙涵捷趙涵捷引用關係
指導教授(外文):Han-Chieh Chao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:91
外文關鍵詞:Fast HandoverSeamless HandoverMobile IPv6
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:12
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
對於time-critical的應用服務而言,無縫換手技術一直是被迫切需要的。在這篇論文中,我們將利用資料連結層與網路層的位址解析為基礎,提供一個有效的換手機制。
我們所提出的Proactive Handover利用位址解析精確的指出換手目標,並且獲得該網域的資訊,預先處理換手時需要的註冊動作。我們設計了Trailblazer operation來動態維護先前提到的位址解析,當然系統管理者也可以視情況手動調整。
數學的分析比較與系統模擬都將在論文的後段呈現,實驗數據指出我們所提出的Proactive Handover更優於目前主流的Fast Handover以及其他相關的研究成果,並具備與Hierarchical Handover互相結合的能力。
A seamless handover scheme is necessary for applying the time-critical application to the wireless Internets. In this paper, we present a handover scheme based on Link Layer and Network Layer address resolution. We’ll illustrate the prototype first and then show an enhancement scheme in hierarchical networks.
Our purposed schemes cooperate with the infrastructure, called Proactive HandOver Target Orientation (PHOTO), and arrange most of handover operations in advance. Mobile node could get candidate subnet information by querying present Access Router according to Link Layer address.
The Trailblazer operation is designed for maintaining PHOTO cache. The handover mechanism is depicted in detail and the advantages of our purposes are discussed as well.
Finally, we model our purposed protocol and give several simulation results. We believe that the proactive handover provides seamless handover.
Index
誌謝 iii
摘要 iv
Abstract v
Index vi
Figure List vii
Table List ix
Equation List x
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Mobile IP 1
1.2 Mobility Support in IPv6 2
1.2.1 Overview of Mobile IPv6 2
1.2.2 Movement Detection and Interaction between Nodes 4
1.3 Master Enhanced Handover Technology 5
1.3.1 Fast Handover for Mobile IPv6 6
1.3.2 Hierarchical Handover for Mobile IPv6 7
1.4 MAC/Network Layer Address Resolution 8
2. Mobile IP Motivation and Related Works 10
2.1 Fast Handover Algorithm for H-MIPv6 10
2.2 Handoff-Aware Wireless Access Internet Infrastructuer (HAWAII) 13
2.2.1 Protocol Overview 13
2.2.2 Path Setup Scheme in HAWAII 15
3. Proactive Hand-Off Target Orientation 21
3.1 Definition of Neighborhood in Handover Aspect 21
3.2 Address Mapping of MAC/Network Layer 22
3.3 Add Mobility Anchor Point (MAP) in PHOTO for H-MIPv6 23
3.4 Add Joint Ancestor MAP (JAM) in PHOTO fot Multi-level H-MIPv6 24
3.5 Flag of Recommendatory Handover Candidate 26
4. Network Layer Prior Handover for Mobile IPv6 28
4.1 Design Goals 28
4.2 Protocol Overview 29
4.3 Enhanced Mobile IPv6 31
4.4 Intra-domain Handover 31
4.4.1 Cooperate with F-MIPv6 32
4.4.2 Cooperate with H-MIPv6 34
4.5 Inter-domain Handover 35
4.5.1 Peer MAP-domain Handover 36
4.5.2 Multi-level Hierarchical Handover 37
4.6 Trailblazer Operation 38
4.7 Joint Ancestor MAP Discovery (JAM Discovery) 40
4.8 Handover Strategy Estimation 40
5. Message Formats 42
5.1 PHOTO request 42
5.2 PHOTO reply 44
5.3 Joint Ancestor MAP Discovery 46
6. Protocol Evaluation 48
6.1 Macroscopic Analysis 48
6.1.1 General Networks 48
6.1.2 Hierarchical Handover within a MAP domain 50
6.1.3 Hierarchical Handover between different MAP domains 52
6.2 Numerical Analysis 55
6.2.1 Preliminaries 55
6.2.2 General Networks 56
6.2.3 Hierarchical Handover within a MAP domain 58
6.2.4 Hierarchical Handover between different MAP domains 60
6.3 Simulation Result 62
6.3.1 General Networks 63
6.3.2 Hierarchical Handover within a MAP domain 65
6.3.3 Hierarchical Handover between different MAP domains 67
6.3.4 Comparison to F-MIPv6 69
7. Other Consideration 74
7.1 Buffering Method at Candidate Access Router 74
7.2 Stateful Auto-configuration 76
7.3 Threshold of PHOTO Request 76
7.4 Lifetime of a PHOTO Entry 76
8. Conclusion 77
Reference 78
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[2]D. Johnson, C. Perkins and J. Arkko, “RFC 3775 - Mobility Support in IPv6,” URL reference: http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3775.html.
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[4]Deering, S. and R. Hinden, "Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification", RFC 2460, December 1998.
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[8]Rajeev Koodli, Nokia Research Center, “Fast Handover for Mobile IPv6,” Internet Draft, work in progress, 2005. URL reference: http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mobileip-fast-mipv6-08.txt.
[9]Hesham Soliman, Claude Castelluccia, Karim El-Malki, Ericsson Ludovic Bellier, “Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 mobility management (HMIPv6),” Internet Draft, work in progress, 2005.URL reference:
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[13]Antoine Stephane, Andrej Mihailovic, A.Hamid Aghvami, “Mechanisms and hierarchical topology for fast handover in wireless IP networks,” Communications Magazine, IEEE, vol. 38, issue 11, pp.112-115, Nov. 2000.
[14]I-Wei Wu, Wen-Shiung Chen, Ho-En Liao, F. F. Young, “A seamless handoff approach of Mobile IP protocol for mobile wireless data networks,” IEEE Consumer Electronics, vol. 48, issue 2, pp. 335-344, May 2002.
[15]R. Hsieh, Z. G. Zhou, A. Seneviratne, “S-MIP: a seamless handoff architecture for mobile IP,” in Proc. INFOCOM 2003, vol. 3, pp. 1774-1784, Mar. 2003.
[16]Taewan You, Sangheon Pack, and Yanghee Choi, “Robust Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (RH-MIPv6): An Enhancement for Survivability & Fault-Tolerance in Mobile IP Systems,” in Proc. Vehicular Technology Conference, 2003. vol. 3, pp. 2014-2018, 6-9 Oct. 2003.
[17]Wally Chen, and Han-Chieh Chao, “Proactive Hand-Off Target Orientation Cache in Fast Handover for Mobile IPv6,” in Porc. WirelessCom 2005, June 2005.
[18]Hidetoshi Yokota, Akira Idoue, Toru Hasegawa, Toshihiko Kato, “Link layer assisted mobile IP fast handoff method over wireless LAN networks”, Proc. MOBICOM 2002, Sept. 2002.
[19]I. Vivaldi, B.M. Ali, H. Habaebi, V. Prakash, and A. Sali, “Routing Scheme for macro Mobility Handover in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Network, “ in Proc. NCTT 2003. pp. 88-92, Jan. 2003.
[20]Voronoi Diagram / Delauney Triangulation, URL reference: http://www.cs.cornell.edu/Info/People/chew/Delaunay.html.
[21]T. Narten, E. Nordmark, and W. Simpson, “RFC 2461 - Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6),” URL Reference: http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2461.html.
[22]Dongjin Son, Ahmed Helmy, and Bhaskar Krishnamachari, “The effect of mobility-induced location errors on geographic routing in ad hoc networks: analysis and improvement using mobility prediction,” Proc. IEEE WCNC. 2004, vol. 1, pp. 189-194, Mar. 2004.
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[27]Fang Feng, and Douglas S. Reeves, “Explicit proactive handoff with motion prediction for mobile IP,” Proc. IEEE WCNC. 2004, vol. 2, pp. 855-860, Mar. 2004.
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[31]Erik D. Demaine, Alejando Lopez-Ortiz, and J. Ian Munro, “Frequency Estimation of Internet Packet Streams with Limited Space,” ESA , LNCS 2461, pp. 348-360, 2002.
[32]A. D. Pramil, S. Antoine, and A. H. Aghvami, “TCP performance enhancement over mobile IPv6: innovative fragmentation avoidance and adaptive routing techniques,” Proc. IEE Communications, vol. 151, issue 4, pp. 337-346, Aug. 2004.
[33]Laurent Perato, Khaldoun Al Agha, “Handover prediction: user approach versus cell approach,” Mobile and Wireless Communications Network, 2002. 4th International Workshop, pp. 492 - 496, Sept. 2002.
[34]Charles E. Perkins, David B. Johnson, “Mobility support in IPv6,” Proceedings of the 2nd annual international conference on Mobile computing and networking, pp. 27 - 37, 1996
[35]A. Conta, S. Deering, “RFC 2463 - Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,” URL reference: http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2463.html.
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