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研究生(外文):Yi-lin Lu
指導教授(外文):Ching-chi ChenWen-chuan Chu
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The French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan said, “most women want to be wanted, not to be loved.” Beyond being wanted is something about images. Women try to appear attractive, nice, or good to someone else, instead of discovering what they actually feel and want for themselves. That is, women are viewed as the object of the desire. However, I see it as a damaging afflicnon of female development in patriarchal societies where women are expected to repress their desires instead of seeing it as a normal aspect of female character. According to Women and Desire by Dr. Polly Young-Eisendrath, if women want to be beyond being wanted, they have to break the rules, to move beyond the boundaries that have been set for them over the centuries by male standards and desires. Then they can really become aware of their actual desires and in living by their own intentions. Being the subject of their desires means not just asserting what they want but taking responsibility for their desires as well. Being assertive means clearly stating their own needs and desires, taking responsibility carries the additional meaning of answering for themselves, choosing ethically, and being trustworthy. Taking responsibility is the step that follows being assertive even in the face of conflicts and challenges. The story of the governess in Henry James’ The Turn of the Screw symbolizes the development of a woman’s self-determination within the confines of a patriarchal tradition. She also symbolizes a process through which a woman claims the authority to be her own person, to command her own actions.
There are five chapters in this thesis. In Chapter One “Introduction,” I want to offer the topics and main ideas Dr. Polly Young-Eisendrath discusses in her work Women and Desire in my thesis. In Chapter Two In Chapter Two “The Formation of Subjectivity,” I want to discuss the process that the governess forms her subject position to have her own desires and actions under her command. In Chapter Three “Search for Love,” I examine how the governess knows her needs for love and how to be responsible for her needs for love. In Chapter Four “Power Struggles between the Governess and the Ghosts,” I talk about how the governess needs for power to protect the angelic children and her authoritative position at Bly. In Chapter Five “Conclusion,” I combine the previous three chapters, analyze the relations among them and make my conclusion.
Table of Contents

Chapter One:


Chapter Two:

The Formation of Subjectivity out of Objectivity………..13

Chapter Three:

Search for Love and Power……………………………32

Chapter Four:

Power Struggles…………………………………………..56

Chapter Five:


Works Cited……………………………………………………………..97
Works Cited

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