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研究生:楊棋堡
研究生(外文):Chyi-Bao Yang
論文名稱:群播網路中具服務品質保證之路徑規劃問題研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on QoS-Based Routing Problems for Multicast Networks
指導教授:溫于平溫于平引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ue-Pyng Wen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:群播通訊服務品質延遲頻寬復原塔布搜尋
外文關鍵詞:Multicast communicationQoSDelayBandwidthRestorationTabu Search
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本研究探討同時考量總成本最小化和滿足延遲服務品質要求的群播樹建構問題。其次,本研究探討群播網路中單一鏈路損壞的情形下,同時考量總成本最小化和滿足延遲服務品質要求的備援路徑規劃問題。第三,我們探討相關於路徑問題的頻寬議題。所謂成本最小化意指有效的使用頻寬資源,因此,我們討論有關於如何適當地估計訊務頻寬需求的頻寬配置問題。同時,我們也討論了有關多個要求服務品質的群播通訊應用同時發生,而需要妥善配置的問題。本研究應用塔布搜尋(Tabu Search, TS)的方法,發展出解決考量服務品質需求的群播路徑問題的演算法。根據路徑復原機制,我們也發展了塔布搜尋演算法來決定出近似最佳且符合延遲限制之備援路徑。而根據鏈路、子樹、樹狀的復原架構,藉由定義延遲標籤來評估每條路徑的延遲服務品質需求,進而發展出四個啟發式演算法來決定出在不同的復原架構下具有最小的總成本且符合延遲限制之備援路徑。另外,我們提出了頻寬配置程序模式來配置適當的頻寬給訊務,以有效的利用有限的頻寬資源。而當多個要求群播通訊應用同時發生時,我們建立了關於多個要求服務品質的群播通訊應用間配置的數學模式,並且建議了可運用於發展有效的演算法中的可能求解程序和關鍵重點。
At first, we study the multicast routing problem considering both cost minimization and fulfillment of QoS requirements in terms of the end-to-end delay. Secondly, for the scenario of a single link failure, we investigate the backup paths planning problem also considering both cost minimization and delay fulfillment. Thirdly, we discuss the bandwidth issues related to the routing problems. The bandwidth allocation about estimating the bandwidth requirement of the traffic is discussed. Furthermore, when multiple multicast sessions occur simultaneously, the problems of constructing a set of multicast trees are also discussed.
Tabu Search (TS) approach is applied to solve both the QoS-based multicast routing and QoS-based backup path planning problems. According to the path restoration scheme, a TS algorithm is proposed to determine the optimal or near optimal delay-constrained backup paths. Based on the link, subtree, and tree restoration schemes, four delay label heuristic algorithms are proposed to minimize the total cost of all the backup paths with the satisfaction in end-to-end delay constraint for all the cases of a single link failure.
Additionally, the bandwidth allocation process model is proposed to allocate the adequate amount of bandwidth to the traffic. When multiple multicast sessions occur simultaneously, the mathematical model is formulated for the delay-constrained multicast tree packing problem. The possible solution procedures and key issues are suggested in the development of the efficient algorithm.
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝辭 III
LIST OF TABLES VI
LIST OF FIGURES VII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Objective 4
1.3 Limitations and Assumptions 6
1.4 Framework of Dissertation 6
Chapter 2 Literature Review 8
2.1 Multicast Routing 8
2.1.1 Multicast Routing Problems 8
2.1.2 Multicast Routing Algorithms 11
2.2 Restoration Schemes and Algorithms 16
2.2.1 Restoration Schemes 16
2.2.2 Restoration Algorithms 19
Chapter 3 A Tabu Search Algorithm for QoS-based Multicast Routing 21
3.1 Problem Formulation 22
3.2 The Proposed Tabu Search Algorithm 23
3.2.1 Initial Solution 25
3.2.2 Neighborhood Solutions and Move 26
3.2.3 Tabu List and Aspiration Criterion 27
3.2.4 Diversification and Intensification 28
3.2.5 Termination Rule 29
3.2.6 Tabu Search Algorithm 29
3.2.7 The Illustrated Example 30
3.2.8 Time Complexity Analysis 33
3.3 Computational Experiments 34
3.4 Summary 38
Chapter 4 A Tabu Search Algorithm for QoS-based Backup Path Planning 41
4.1 Problem Formulation 42
4.2 The Proposed Tabu Search Algorithm 44
4.2.1 Initial Solution 44
4.2.2 Neighborhood Solution and Move 46
4.2.3 Tabu List and Aspiration Criterion 47
4.2.4 Diversification and Intensification 48
4.2.5 Termination Rule 50
4.2.6 Tabu Search Algorithm 50
4.2.7 The Illustrated Example 51
4.2.8 Time Complexity Analysis 54
4.3 Computational and Experimental Results 55
4.4 Summary 59
Chapter 5 A Delay Label Heuristic Algorithm for QoS-based Backup Path Planning 62
5.1 Problem Definition 62
5.2 The Proposed Algorithms 64
5.2.1 Delay Labels 66
5.2.2 Algorithm for Tree-based Restoration Scheme 66
5.2.3 Algorithm for Subtree-based Restoration Scheme 69
5.2.4 Algorithm for Link-based Restoration Scheme 70
5.2.5 The Illustrated Example 70
5.2.6 Time Complexity Analysis 74
5.3 Computational and Experimental Results 74
5.4 Summary 78
Chapter 6 Discussion on the Bandwidth Issues related to the Routing Problem 79
6.1 Importance of Bandwidth 79
6.2 Bandwidth Allocation 79
6.2.1 Traffic Model 80
6.2.2 Bandwidth Estimation 81
6.2.3 Bandwidth Allocation Process 82
6.3 Discussion on Multiple QoS-based Multicast Routing 84
6.3.1 Problem Formulation 84
6.3.2 Solution Procedures 86
Chapter 7 Conclusion and Future Research 90
7.1 Conclusion 90
7.2 Future Research 92
References 94
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