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研究生:郭政遠
研究生(外文):Cheng-Yuan Kuo
論文名稱:並聯感應馬達驅動系統之均載操控
論文名稱(外文):LOAD SHARING CONTROL FOR PARALLEL INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVES
指導教授:廖聰明廖聰明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang-Ming Liaw
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:感應馬達純量控制並聯均載控制主-僕均流法擾動消去強健控制三相切換式整流器
外文關鍵詞:Induction motorscalar controlparallel load sharing controlmaster-slave methoddisturbance cancellation robust controlthree-phase switch-mode rectifier
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本論文旨在從事並聯感應馬達驅動系統之建構及其均載控制。首先探究變頻器供電交流馬達可能之並聯組態與其特性,以及一些典型均載控制策略。感應馬達之額定大、結構堅實、無刷且具陡峭之轉矩-轉速特性,使其常用於大設備之並聯驅動。為得良好之均載控制效能,本論文首先綜覽感應馬達之基本特性、動態模式及驅動控制,探究其並聯均載操控原理及方法,並據以規劃所提之均載控制方法。為方便測試驗證,接著組立ㄧ由兩變頻器個別供電感應馬達之小型並聯系統驅動共同負載。採行之均載控制策略屬主-僕均流法,並應用簡易之擾動消去強健控制增進其均載操控特性。
接著,本論文研製一單開關三相升壓型切換式整流器,其電路操作、組成元件設計及控制機構之研擬等文中均仔細介紹。在直流鏈具有良好調控電壓下,亦具有良好之交流入電電力品質。先在電阻性負載下,由模擬與實測結果驗證其正確操作及性能,再將所研製之切換式整流器作為並聯感應馬達驅動系統之前端轉換器。最後以一些實測結果顯示此並聯驅動系統之總體操控比較特性,含入電電力品質、穩態與動態均載特性、動態速度響應、直流鏈電壓之變動調控特性等。
關鍵詞:感應馬達、純量控制、並聯均載控制、主-僕均流法、擾動消去強健控制、三相切換式整流器。
The major purposes of this thesis are to establish a parallel induction motor drive system and to perform its load sharing control. First, the possible parallel system configurations and their features are explored. In addition, some existing load sharing control strategies and also surveyed. Owing to the features of larger rating, rigid structure, brushless and possession of steep torque-speed characteristic, induction motors have been extensively employed for large equipments with parallel operation. For successfully performing its load sharing control, the basic characteristics, dynamic modeling and driving control of an induction motor are first comprehended. Then its load sharing control principle and methods are explored, and accordingly, the control method is proposed. For convenience of making performance evaluation test, a small parallel induction motor drive system driving a common load is established. Each motor is fed by its specific inverter. The master/slave current sharing approach is adopted for the proposed control method, and a simple disturbance cancellation based robust control is applied to enhance the load sharing control performance.
In this thesis, a single-switch three-phase switch-mode rectifier (SMR) is designed and implemented. Circuit operation, design of circuit components and control scheme of this SMR are introduced in detail. Under well-regulated DC-link voltage, the line drawn power quality is much improved. The designed SMR is first verified its effectiveness by some simulation and measured results under resistive load. Then it is employed to serve as the front-end converter of the parallel induction motor drive. Some experimental results are provided to demonstrate the whole drive comparative performance including line drawn power quality, static and dynamic load sharing characteristics, dynamic speed response, DC-link voltage regulation characteristics, etc.
Key words: Induction motor, scalar control, parallel load sharing control, master-slave method, disturbance cancellation robust control, three-phase switch-mode rectifier.
致謝……………………………………………………………………I
中文摘要………………………………………………………………II
英文摘要………………………………………………………………III
目錄……………………………………………………………………IV
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………VI
表目錄…………………………………………………………………XII
第一章、 簡介………………………………………………………1

第二章、 並聯馬達驅動系統之組態………………………………6
2.1 簡介…………………………………………………6
2.2 交流馬達驅動系統之可能並聯組態………………6
2.3 並聯之變頻器供給單一負載………………………11
2.4 單一變頻器供給並聯馬達…………………………25
2.5 單一變頻器供給單一馬達之並聯驅動系統………32

第三章、 感應馬達之驅動及並聯均載控制特性…………………34
3.1 簡介…………………………………………………34
3.2 感應馬達之等效電路及參數估測…………………34
3.3 感應馬達之性能分析………………………………37
3.4 鼠籠式感應馬達之分類及選用……………………40
3.5 感應馬達之動態模式及驅動控制…………………41
3.6 由量測從事動態模式之估測………………………45
3.7 感應馬達驅動系統之並聯均載控制………………47
3.7.1 多馬達並聯之負載分擔特性………………47
3.7.2 多馬達並聯之負載均分調控策略…………49

第四章、 小型感應馬達並聯驅動系統之建立及控制……………50
4.1 簡介…………………………………………………50
4.2 系統組成……………………………………………50
4.3 模擬結果……………………………………………55
4.3.1 開迴路特性…………………………………55
4.3.2 閉迴路均流控制特性………………………58
4.3.3 齒輪比不同之均流控制特性………………64
4.4 實測結果……………………………………………64
4.4.1 開迴路特性…………………………………70
4.4.2 閉迴路均流控制特性………………………70
4.5 強健均載控制………………………………………73

第五章、 三相單開關切換式整流器及其於並聯馬達驅動系統之應用………………………………………………………………………84
5.1 簡介…………………………………………………84
5.2 三相切換式整流器概覽……………………………84
5.3 三相單開關切換式整流器之基本原理……………88
5.4 電路組成元件設計…………………………………94
5.5 模擬結果……………………………………………98
5.6 實作及實測結果……………………………………105
5.6.1 實作電路……………………………………105
5.6.2 實測結果……………………………………105
5.7 具前級三相單開關SMR之並聯馬達驅動系統……108

第六章、結論…………………………………………………………123
參考資料………………………………………………………………124
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B. Parallel inverter systems

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C. Parallel motor drives

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D. Parallel motor drive applications
Railway traction and hybrid electric vehicles

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Steel processing

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E. Induction motor drives

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F. Three phase switch-mode rectifiers

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[80]R. A. Prasad, P. D. Ziogas and S. Manias, “An active power factor correction technique for three-phase diode rectifiers,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 83-92, 1991.

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[82]D. S. L. Simonetti, J. Sebastian and J. Uceda, “Single-switch three-phase power factor preregulator under variable switching frequency and discontinuous input current,” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 944-950, 1993.

[83]D. O. Neacsu, Y. Ziwen and V. Rajagopalan, “Optimal PWM control for single-switch three-phase AC-DC boost converter,” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, vol. 1, pp. 727-732, 1996.

[84]E. H. Ismail and R. Erickson, “Single-switch PWM low harmonic rectifiers,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 338-346, 1996.

[85]M. S. Dawande and G. K. Dubey, “Programmable input power factor correction method for switch-mode rectifiers,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 585-591, 1996.

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