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研究生:張清旭
研究生(外文):Ching-Hsu Chang
論文名稱:飼料中添加皮質酮和脫殼激素對於白蝦非特異性免疫反應及生理因子之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effects of dietary cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone on the non-specific immune responses and physiological factors of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)
指導教授:冉繁華冉繁華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fan-Hua Nan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:水產養殖學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:皮質酮脫殼激素免疫生理
外文關鍵詞:cortisone20-hydroxyecdysoneshrimpimmunephysiology
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本論文使用皮質酮(cortisone)和脫殼激素(20-hydroxyecdysone, 20-HE)二種固醇類荷爾蒙,分別在飼料中添加濃度為2、8及32ppm,餵飼白蝦30天。實驗中檢測白蝦血球原酚氧化酵素活性(PO activity)、總血球數(THC)、血球超氧陰離子生成量(O2-)、肝胰臟超氧歧化酵素活性(SOD activity)、血漿中GOT酵素活性(Glutamate oxidacetate transaminase activity)、GPT酵素活性(Glutamate pyruvate transaminase activity)、膽固醇(Cholesterol)、三酸甘油脂(Triglycerides)、總蛋白質(Total protein)、葡萄糖(Glucose)及皮質醇(Cortisol)等檢測項目,探討此二種固醇類荷爾蒙對於白蝦非特異性免疫反應及生理因子之影響。
實驗結果發現,飼料中添加二種固醇類荷爾蒙後,均會抑制白蝦總血球數(THC)、血漿中膽固醇(Cholesterol)及總蛋白質(Total protein)濃度,並且隨著處理濃度的增加而呈現下降的趨勢;白蝦血漿中GOT酵素活性、GPT酵素活性、葡萄糖(Glucose)、三酸甘油脂(Triglycerides)及肝胰臟超氧歧化酵素活性(SOD activity)則隨著處理濃度增加而呈現上升的趨勢。添加皮質酮(cortisone)各處理組別中,對於白蝦血漿中皮質醇(Cortisol)則隨著處理濃度增加而呈現上升的趨勢;但是添加脫殼激素(20-OH-ecdysone)各處理組別中,對於白蝦血漿中皮質醇(Cortisol)均無明顯影響。添加皮質酮(cortisone)各處理組別中,對於白蝦血球中PO酵素活性及超氧陰離子生成量呈現抑制的趨勢;添加脫殼激素(20-OH-ecdysone)低劑量處理組別中,對於白蝦血球中PO酵素活性及超氧陰離子生成量在短期間2至4天有刺激的效果;但飼料中添加高劑量處理組別中,在長期投餵下則有抑制的現象。
The purpose of this thesis fed diets with 2, 8 and 32 ppm of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during the 30 days culture period. To know the effects of dietary steroid hormones on PO activity and O2- production in the haemocytes, total haemocyte count (THC), Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the hepatopancreas, Glutamate oxidacetate transaminase activity (GOT), Glutamate pyruvate transaminase activity (GPT), and plasma Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Total protein, Glucose and Cortisol concentrations of the white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).
The results showed that THC, plasma Cholesterol and total protein concentrations in L. vannamei of experiment shrimps which were fed with cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone, were found lower than those of the control, and also have a dose-response. By contrary, SOD activity in the hepatopancreas, plasma GOT, GPT, Triglycerides and Glucose concentrations were all higher than those of the control, and also have dose-response effects.
Administration of cortisone, significantly increased plasma cortisol of experiment shrimps but no significantly was found in administration of 20-hydroxyecdysone. Furthermore, PO activity and O2- production were suppressed by administration of cortisone, Although the PO activity and O2- production in the haemocyte of L. vannamei was enhanced by low dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone in a short period, but a suppress effect of high dose administration was found during the while experiment period.
目錄
頁次
目錄……………………………………………………………………….i
圖次………………………………………….…………………………...ii
表次……………………………………………….……………………..iv
中文摘要………………………………………….……………………..vi
英文摘要 …………………………………………………..…………..vii
第一章 前言……………………………………………………………..1
第二章 文獻整理………………………………………………………..3
第三章 材料與方法……………………………………………………22
第四章 結果……………………………………………………………29
第五章 討論……………………………………………………………57
第六章 結論……………………………………………………………67
第七章 參考文獻………………………………………………………68
附錄……………………………………………………………………116


圖次
Fig 1. 澳洲蝦虎Peneaus esculentus 各脫殼期尾扇剛毛變化……….90
Fig 2. Scheme on the interrelationship between primary and secondary effect of stress in fish…………………………………………...91
Fig 3. PO activity in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period…………..92
Fig 4. PO activity in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……………………...……………………………………92
Fig 5. THC in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period……………………93
Fig 6. THC in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…….....93
Fig 7. Superoxide anion (O2-) in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period….….94
Fig 8. Superoxide anion (O2-) in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………………………………………………………...94
Fig 9. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period…………………………………………………………...95
Fig 10. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……………………………………………....95
Fig 11. GOT in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period…………………....96
Fig 12. GOT in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……….96
Fig 13. GPT activity in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period…………..97
Fig 14. GPT activity in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………………………………………………………...97
Fig 15. Cholesterol in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period……...…..98
Fig 16. Cholesterol in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………………………………………………………..98
Fig 17. Total Protein (TP) in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period…….99
Fig 18. Total Protein (TP) in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………………………………………………………..99
Fig 19. Triglycerides in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period………....100
Fig 20. Triglycerides in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……………………………………………………….....100
Fig 21. Glucose in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period…………….…….101
Fig 22. Glucose in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……...101
Fig 23. Cortisol in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone during experiment period………………......102
Fig 24. Cortisol in the white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……...102
表次
Table 1. Comparion Total Haemocytes Counts (THC) comparison with Penaeid shrimp and other crustacean……………….…………103
Table 2. Ingredient composition of the experimental diets (%)……….104
Table 3. Phenoloxidase (PO) activity in the haemocytes of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……………....105
Table 4. Total haemocyte counts (THC) in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period………….106
Table 5. Superoxide anion (O2-) activity in the haemocytes of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period………….107
Table 6. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the hepatopancreas of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period………………………………………………………….108
Table 7. GOT activity in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period………………109
Table 8. GPT activity in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………...….110
Table 9. Cholesterol in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………...….111
Table 10. Total protein (TP) in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period………...…….112
Table 11. Triglycerides (TG) in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……………....113
Table 12. Glucose in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period……………………………………...114
Table 13. Cortisol in the haemolymph of white shrimp (L. vannamei) fed diets with different dose of cortisone and 20-hydroxyecdysone during experiment period…………………………………..….115
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