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研究生:江浤儀
研究生(外文):Hongyi Jiang
論文名稱:廠商對外投資、委外生產對研發決策之影響分析
指導教授:劉碧珍劉碧珍引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:研發委外生產對外投資
外文關鍵詞:R&Dforeign outsourcingFDI
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近年來國內廠商積極透過對外投資與委外生產之全球運籌策略,降低生產成本、提升經營績效,以維持相對競爭優勢。然而,爲了因應國際市場的挑戰,擺脫中國大陸等新興國家的威脅,台灣也必須積極投入研發創新、提升核心競爭力,往高附加價值的產業升級方向發展,方能破除產業空洞化的疑慮。國際化經營策略雖具有拓展海外市場與延長企業生命之效果,但也令人懷疑廠商是否因此而忽視或暫緩國內研發投入。因此,本文旨在釐清對外投資與委外生產行為對廠商研發密度之影響。得到結論為:對外投資與委外生產對於廠商國內的研發密度分別存在正面與負面的影響。然而因廠商對外投資將提高其委外生產比率,進而降低國內研發密度,因此將帶來間接的影響。但整體而言,對外投資的直接正向效果大於此間接效果,對於廠商研發密度仍具有正向影響力。
摘要.................................................................................................................. i
目次.................................................................................................................... ii
表次及表圖..................................................................................................... iii
第一章 緒論.................................................................................................. 1
1.1 研究目的與方法................................................................................... 3
1.2 本文架構.............................................................................................. 4
第二章 產業研發政策與研發投入趨勢之回顧............................................ 5
2.1 國內產業研發政策.............................................................................. 6
2.2 國內研發投入趨勢............................................................................. 9
第三章 研發決定因素之文獻探討............................................................... 17
3.1 對外投資、委外生產與研發決策..................................................... 17
3.2 廠商特性與產業特性之因素探討...................................................... 21
第四章 實證分析.......................................................................................... 27
4.1 資料分析與說明................................................................................. 27
4.2 實證模型與解釋變數........................................................................ 31
4.3 實證結果分析..................................................................................... 40
第五章 結論與建議....................................................................................... 47
檢討與建議.................................................................................... 50
參考文獻.......................................................................................................... 51
附錄................................................................................................................. 62
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