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研究生:王昭勝
研究生(外文):Chao-Sheng Wang
論文名稱:創新通訊協定與無線生醫感測器網路之整合研發
論文名稱(外文):Research and Development of Integrating Innovative Communication Protocol and Wireless Bio-Medical Sensor Network
指導教授:葉超雄葉超雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:應用力學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:無線感測器網路
外文關鍵詞:wireless sensor network
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在無線技術快速發展的時代,藉由為數眾多的無線感測器收集並分析資訊的需求亦隨之快速成長,如何能在無線感測器間建立一套有效率的通訊方式以及電源管理的方法,已成為相當重要的課題。本論文提出一種適用於工地結構監控與生醫無線監控的網路通訊協定整合電源管理的方法。此通訊協定採用階層式網路的架構,在區域感測器網路中採用星形網路拓樸以降低無線感測器的通訊複雜度,區域感測器網路之間採用點對點網路拓樸架構,對區域感測器網路間的運作時間進行排程以避免鄰近區域感測器網路的干擾。
本研究致力於區域感測器網路內部的通訊協定設計,以提供無線感測器之非事件驅動且極低工作週期的運作模式,並透過離散事件模擬方式評估此通訊協定下的網路特性與無線感測器的壽命。在感測器網路的實測上,已經能透過區域控制中心來控制附近的無線感測器,令其依照設計的通訊協定形成區域感測器網路,並將此區域感測器網路應用於結構監控與生醫感測器訊號擷取之中。此外在無線感測器的電源供應上加入電源汲取系統,汲取環境振動所產生的能量,用以彌補無線感測器處於閒置模式的耗電量。可進一步提昇無線感測器的電池使用壽命,降低維護成本。
簡言之,本論文將對無線感測器的硬體設計,通訊協定的設計與模擬,電源設計與管理,及最終的整合與感測器網路實測進行探討。希望能建立最具能源使用效率的感測器網路架構。
In the age of rapid development on wireless technology, the need of information collection and analysis with numerous wireless sensor nodes grows correspondingly. How to build a set of efficient communication protocol and power management method becomes an essential task in this era. In this thesis, an appropriate network communication protocol that is suitable for power management of site monitoring and for healthcare monitoring was proposed. The communication protocol uses hierarchical architecture, which applies star topology in the local area wireless sensor network in order to decrease the communication complexity of wireless sensor network. Ad-hoc topology is employed among local area wireless sensor networks and the local control centers negotiate the operating schedule to avoid interference between ambient local area wireless sensor networks.
The research attempts to design the interior local area wireless sensor network protocol in order to provide wireless sensor nodes non-event-driven and ultra-low duty cycle power efficient nodes. Network characteristics and battery life-time estimation of wireless sensor node under the communication protocol is simulated by discrete event simulation method. In the wireless sensor network experiment, the wireless sensor nodes around the local control center can be controlled under the implemented communication protocol to form a local area wireless sensor network. Applying the local area sensor network in structure monitoring and healthcare monitoring are demonstrated successfully. Besides power efficient protocol, power harvesting system is implemented into power supply for the wireless sensor node, which scavenges environment vibration energy for power consuming usage in the idle mode is also detailed to further increase battery lifetime.
The wireless sensor node hardware design, communication protocol design and simulation, power efficient protocol and management, final integration and wireless sensor network experiments are all detailed in this thesis.
謝誌 i
摘要 iii
Abstract v
目 錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xiii
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 前言及研究動機 1
1.2 研究背景與文獻回顧 6
1.3 論文架構摘要 12
第2章 網路架構與通訊協定之設計 13
2.1 網路架構之設計 14
2.1.1 網路拓樸之設計 14
2.1.2 無線通訊技術之整合 19
2.2 通訊協定之設計 29
2.2.1 連結層 31
2.2.2 網路層 44
2.2.3 應用層 46
第3章 感測器網路通訊協定之設計與分析 49
3.1 網路層通訊協定設計 49
3.2 資料連結層通訊協定設計 51
3.3 網路特性分析 56
3.3.1 區域感測器網路模擬程式設計 56
3.3.2 區域感測器網路特性模擬 67
第4章 區域感測器測網路之建構與分析 73
4.1 無線感測器硬體設計 73
4.2 無線感測器穩定性分析 75
4.3 電源模組設計 78
4.4 感測器網路通訊協定實測 82
4.5 區域感測器網路之應用 87
4.5.1 結構監測之應用 88
4.5.2 生醫感測器網路 90
第5章 結論與未來展望 93
5.1 結論 93
5.2 未來展望 94
參考文獻 95
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Pottie, G.J. and Kaiser, W.J., May, 2000 “Wireless integrated network sensors: For pervasive computing performance, exploit the physical limits of these densely distributed networks of embedded sensors, controls, and processors,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 51-58.
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陳奕帆,高能源效率無線監測網路之研發,國立臺灣大學應用力學所碩士論文,2004
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