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研究生:王楷皓
研究生(外文):kai-haio Wang
論文名稱:地區剝奪、父母教育程度和兒童肥胖的關係
論文名稱(外文):Area Deprivation, Parental Education, and Childhood Obesity
指導教授:江東亮江東亮引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:衛生政策與管理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:地區剝奪兒童肥胖
外文關鍵詞:Area deprivationchildhood obesity
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研究目的:探討地區剝奪與父母教育是否對兒童肥胖有影響
研究設計:橫斷性研究,資料來自2001年國民健康訪問調查與2000年台閩地區戶口及住宅普查報告。地區剝奪指標以初級行業人口比例與17-19歲不在學率兩指標,測量臺灣地區剝奪程度。
研究對象:年齡2到11歲的兒童。
研究結果:2至11歲兒童的過重比率為15.3﹪,肥胖4.9﹪。(1)地區剝奪程度愈高,兒童肥胖率愈高。(2)父母教育程度愈高,兒童肥胖率愈高。(3)地區剝奪在父母教育程度加入後,地區剝奪顯著性消失,僅母親教育程度有影響。
結論:父母教育程度對兒童肥胖有顯著影響,因此預防兒童肥胖可從家庭著手。考量父母教育程度後,地區剝奪對兒童肥胖的影響降低,故兩者間的關係,仍值得進一步探討。
Objective: To examine the associations of childhood obesity with area deprivation and parental education among children aged 2 to 11.
Design: Cross-sectional study. The study data came from two data sets; one is the 2001 National Health Interview Survey and the other is the 2000 Census of Population and Housing Taiwan-Fukien Area. We used two indictors to compose the area deprivation Index, the rate of primary occupation population and prevalence of non-schooling among 17-19 years.
Study Sample: The children aged 2 to 11 years old.
Main result: The rates of overweight and obese children in this study was 15.3%and 4.9% respectively.(1) The rate of childhood obesity is higher with increased area deprivation. (2) The higher the parental education, the greater the probability of childhood obesity. (3) After controlling parental education, the effect of area deprivation diminished and only maternal education remained a significant factor.
Conclusion: The parental education was significantly associated with childhood obesity. After controlling parental education, the relationship between area deprivation and childhood obesity became weaker. Therefore, the possible effect of area deprivation on childhood obesity warrants further exploration.
第一章 前言 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 論文架構 2
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 兒童肥胖的測量 4
第二節 影響兒童肥胖的因素 7
第三章 研究材料與方法 15
第一節 研究架構與假說 15
第二節 研究材料 15
第三節 研究變項 19
第四節 樣本代表性檢定 20
第五節 統計方法 21
第四章 研究結果 23
第一節 基本特性 23
第二節 兒童肥胖與地區剝奪、父母教育程度的雙變項分析 25
第三節 地區剝奪和父母教育程度與兒童肥胖對數複迴歸分析27
第五章 討論 30
第一節 研究限制 30
第二節 討論 30
參考文獻 33
圖 目 錄
圖3-1研究架構………………………………………………………………………42
圖3-2樣本父母配對流表……………………………………………………………43
表目錄
表2-1地區剝奪、父母教育程度與兒童肥胖的相關研究------------------------------39
表3-1樣本檢定,依照性別、年齡---------------------------------------------------------44
表4-1樣本特性描述---------------------------------------------------------------------------45
表4-2樣本父親特性描述---------------------------------------------------------------------46
表4-3樣本母親特性描述---------------------------------------------------------------------47
表4-4樣本肥胖程度,依居住地區剝奪程度---------------------------------------------48
表4-5樣本肥胖程度,依父親教育程度----------------------------------------------------49
表4-6樣本肥胖程度,依母親教育程度----------------------------------------------------50
表4-7樣本肥胖程度,依父親肥胖程度----------------------------------------------------51
表4-8樣本肥胖程度,依母親肥胖程度---------------------------------------------------52
表4-9自變項與控制變項間的相關係數---------------------------------------------------53
表4-10兒童過重之對數複迴歸分析之勝算比-------------------------------------------54
表4-11兒童肥胖之對數複迴歸分析之勝算比-------------------------------------------55
附表 1-1樣本父親肥胖程度,依居住地區剝奪程度-----------------------------------56
附表1-2樣本父親肥胖程度,依居住地區剝奪程度-------------------------------------57
附表1-3 2001國健調查抽樣鄉鎮,依地區剝奪程度分類-----------------------------58
附表1-4樣本父母親身高、體重特性------------------------------------------------------59
中文文獻
黃奕清、吳仁宇:臺灣地區6.5-18.5歲學生不同身高值之體重分析。公共衛生2000;27(3):167-177。
黃奕清、吳仁宇、歐陽美蓉:台閩地區中小學學生身高別體重及肥胖情形分析。中華醫學會雜誌2003;66:598-605。
曾明淑:論壇健康促進與疾病預防委員會文獻回顧研析計畫-兒童體位之評定及影響因素。國家衛生研究院,2000。
陳偉德、吳康文、宓麗麗等:重高指數:簡易而準確之小兒體重評估法。臺灣醫誌1993;92(5):s128-s133。
李淑貞:論壇健康促進與疾病預防委員會文獻回顧研析計畫-身體活動與兒童親少年肥胖。國家衛生研究院,2000。
游素玲:論壇健康促進與疾病預防委員會文獻回顧研析計畫-兒童肥胖問題與對策。國家衛生研究院,2000。
施純宏、李宏昌:兒童肥胖。當代醫學2002;29(2):125-132。
林慧淳:地區剝奪與死亡率之相關:以臺灣爲例。臺灣大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文,2001。
吳孟蓉:台灣地區國小肥胖學童區域差異之探討。國立台灣師範大學地理研究所碩士論文,2002。
行政院衛生署:http://www.doh.gov.tw/ufile/Doc/成人肥胖定義海報[1].ppt,2005




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