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研究生:林怡君
研究生(外文):Yi-jun Lin
論文名稱:以女性烏托邦主義的文類研究觀點談瑪格麗特•愛特伍的《使女的故事》
論文名稱(外文):A Generic Study of Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale: From a Feminist Utopian Perspective
指導教授:謝瑤玲謝瑤玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yau-ling Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:英文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:馬克斯女性主義反烏托邦女性烏托邦文類研究瑪格麗特•愛特伍使女的故事
外文關鍵詞:Marxist Feminismdystopiafeminist utopiageneric studyMargaret AtwoodThe Handmaid's Tale
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摘要
  被歸類於反烏托邦文學的《使女的故事》自出版以來引起廣泛討論。然而多數研究偏重於書中的權力機制(power)、語言(language)、母性(maternity)、女性主體(female subjectivity)、或是宰制與顛覆(control and subversion)等主題,鮮少以文類研究的觀點出發。本書以虛構的基列共和國為背景,作者瑪格麗特•愛特伍所呈現的不僅僅是使女奧芙蕾德被父權壓抑之下的心路歷程,奧芙蕾德連同其他次要角色在基列共和國嚴苛的社會制度下之絕望和反動更暗示了愛特伍的反烏托邦思想。
  本篇論文旨在貢獻《使女的故事》之文類研究,以女性烏托邦的觀點,分析作者如何呈現其「負面烏托邦」以突顯奧芙蕾德不為困境所屈的堅強意志。論文的中心部份將分為五章,分別就反烏托邦的觀點討論此小說的場景、結構、敘事方式、主題,以及角色。第一章探討作者如何設定其虛構國度之背景使其具體呈現,以拉近其與現實的距離且不顯荒謬。第二章分析此小說的結構。自小說的名稱、故事開始前的三則引語、小說章節的編排方式、以至最後考古式的結尾,逐一討論。第三章討論作者如何透過女主角與男性考古學家的不同敘事方式來突顯女性主義的思想。第四章以馬克斯女性主義觀點闡述書中的四大主題:意識、剝削、疏離、與物化。第五章藉由書中五位角色的想法與行為討論基列共和國對其人民的影響,進而檢視作者的反烏托邦思想。
Abstract
  Being classified as a dystopian novel, The Handmaid’s Tale has given rise to many discussions after it was published in 1986. However, most researches focus on themes such as the power, language, maternity, female subjectivity, or control and subversion in the novel; they seldom analyze it in terms of its genre. Setting her story in her fictional Gilead, Margaret Atwood presents not merely the handmaid Offred’s tale of being suppressed in a patriarchal country called Gilead, but also her thoughts on social issues revealed with typical approaches in dystopian literature through Offred and other secondary characters’ despair and reactions.
  From a feminist utopian perspective, this thesis aims to provide a generic study of The Handmaid’s Tale by analyzing Atwood’s strategies of creating her dystopia to highlight Offred’s invincibility in a suffering situation. The central part of this thesis will be divided into five chapters, exploring this novel from the perspective of dystopian literature on its setting, structure, narration, themes and characters. The first chapter will deal with Atwood’s techniques in visualizing her imagined Gilead, which make Gilead realistic instead of absurd. The second chapter discusses the structure of the novel, from its title, the three epigraphs, to the arrangements of chapters, and finally the archeological ending. The third chapter deals with Atwood’s feminist thoughts implied in the narration of Offred and that of the male archeologist. Applying the Marxist Feminism, the fourth chapter explores four themes in The Handmaid’s Tale, which are consciousness, exploitation, alienation, and reification. Through five characters’ thoughts and actions in the novel, the fifth chapter probes into the influences that the Gilead government puts on people of both sexes, which imply Atwood’s dystopian thoughts.
Table of Contents
Introduction…………………………………………………………1
Chapter One: Depicting a Paradoxical Landscape……………15
Chapter Two: Piecing a Dystopian Puzzle………………………29
Chapter Three: Articulating a Feminist Voice………………44
Chapter Four: Concerning Social Issues………………………57
Chapter Five: Suffering in Gilead………………………………71
Conclusion……………………………………………………………87
Bibliography…………………………………………………………92
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