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研究生:顏如汶
研究生(外文):Ju-wen Yen
論文名稱:歐盟共同外交與安全政策研究:英法德對第二次美伊戰爭立場之比較
論文名稱(外文):European Common Foreign Policy: A Study of British, French and German Foreign Policies during the Second Gulf War
指導教授:劉必榮劉必榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):B. Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:政治學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:200
中文關鍵詞:歐盟共同外交與安全政策歐盟外交政策法國德國政府間主義伊拉克英國
外文關鍵詞:foreign policyFranceIntergovernmentalismGermanyUKIraqEUCFSP (Common Foreign and Security Policy)
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歐盟共同外交與安全政策(CFSP)發展至今已超過十年,在京都議定書、國際刑事法庭、中東和平進程等外交議題領域上,歐盟都有共同的外交政策。2001年九一一恐怖攻擊發生後,歐洲各國採取了與美國合作反恐的立場,甚至出兵阿富汗。然而,對於2003年3月的第二次美伊戰爭,歐盟卻未能形成共同的外交政策,歐盟內部在伊拉克危機中分裂為支持與反對美國軍事攻伊的兩派,而主導兩派的分別就是歐盟的三大國英國和法德。
本研究主要在探討伊拉克戰爭所造成的歐洲內部分裂對於CFSP的影響,分析各國外交政策與歐盟共同外交政策之間的互動關係。研究發現歐盟在伊拉克議題上的失敗,並不是因為歐盟無能「執行」各國已同意的政策,而是因為歐盟根本就未能「形成」共同的外交政策。共同的歐洲政策有賴於各國外交政策的凝聚,英、法、德三國在伊拉克議題上的分歧是歐盟無能形成共同的對伊外交政策的主因。從伊拉克案例可看到歐盟共同外交政策的侷限性,但歐盟在伊拉克議題未能形成共同外交政策,並不能因此判定歐盟共同外交政策在其他國家或區域等議題上也無效。畢竟伊拉克案例只可說是一個特例,而非慣例。
During the Iraqi crisis, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) has failed. When the UK unilaterally gave unrestricted support to the US for a military intervention in Iraq whereas Germany absolutely rejected any use of military force against Iraq, there was no chance left to agree on a common European position. This paper focuses on the interplay between national foreign policies and foreign policy at the EU level and tries to answer to what extent did intra-European discord over the Iraq war undermine the CFSP.
The most notable feature of European policy towards Iraq is the absence of such a policy, since the divisions between France, Germany and the United Kingdom. Europe failed over Iraq not because it failed to implement a previously agreed policy but because it failed to formulate one. Iraq did represent the limits of CFSP, but the failure to develop common policies towards Iraq should not obscure the existence of CFSP to the other countries and regions. Iraq has always been an exception.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究目的 ………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究動機 ………………………………………………… 3
第三節 研究問題 ………………………………………………… 7
第四節 研究設計與限制 ………………………………………… 8
第二章 文獻檢閱
第一節 新現實主義與新自由制度主義 ………………………… 13
第二節 政府間主義與超國家主義 ……………………………… 17
第三節 共同外交與安全政策概論 ……………………………… 22
第四節 相關研究檢閱 …………………………………………… 28
第三章 英法德的歐洲政策比較
第一節 英法德的歐洲政策基本架構 …………………………… 33
第二節 英法德對歐盟共同外交政策的立場 …………………… 41
第三節 小結 ……………………………………………………… 50
第四章 伊拉克戰爭的始末
第一節 伊拉克問題的歷史回顧 ………………………………… 55
第二節 戰前分歧:主戰或反戰 ………………………………… 60
第三節 戰爭期間:歐盟重視聯合國角色 ……………………… 68
第四節 戰後重建:美英或聯合國主導 ………………………… 72
第五節 小結 ……………………………………………………… 80
第五章 伊拉克危機對歐洲外交政策的影響
第一節 英法德在伊拉克問題上的基本立場 …………………… 85
第二節 英法德的對伊政策比較 ………………………………… 97
第三節 伊拉克危機對歐盟共同外交政策產出的影響 ………… 107
第四節 伊拉克危機對歐盟內部與歐美關係的影響 …………… 113
第五節 小結 ……………………………………………………… 121
第六章 結論 ….……………………………….………………………….…. 125
附錄一 伊拉克大事記(1990 ~ 2004) …………………………………… 141
附錄二 聯合國安理會有關伊拉克的決議案 ……………………………… 149
附錄三 聯合國安理會第1284號決議 …………………………………….. 153
附錄四 聯合國安理會第1441號決議 …………………………………….. 161
參考書目 ………………………………………………………………………. 167
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張惠玲。2000。〈歐盟「共同外交暨安全政策」之運作理論與發展〉。《問題與研究》39,11:49-70。
張壯熙。1998。〈法國對歐洲聯盟整合之政策與作為〉。沈玄池、洪德欽主編《歐洲聯盟:理論與政策》:383-413。台北:中央研究院歐美研究所。
張健雄、吳弦譯。1995。〈歐盟與東歐的關係及向東擴大〉。《歐洲》4:24-31。
張亞中主編。2003。《國際關係總論》。台北:揚智文化。
張亞中。2000。〈兩岸統合之理論與實踐:歐盟經驗的啟示〉。《美歐季刊》14,1:35-81。
張亞中。1998。《歐洲統合:政府間主義與超國家主義之互動》。台北:揚智文化。
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張台麟。1999。〈後冷戰時期法國與亞太之關係〉。許仟編著《歐洲問題新論》:63-79。嘉義:南華管理學院。
張台麟。1992。〈法國通過馬斯特里赫條約之背景與影響〉。《問題與研究》31,11:17-25。
張台麟。1992。〈歐市政治合作的回顧與展望〉。《問題與研究》31,1:31-40。
張台麟。1991。〈歐市政治合作發展之研析〉。《美國月刊》6,9:83-91。
張維邦。2001。〈從「舒曼宣言」到「德洛爾報告」:法國與歐洲整合〉。《當代》169,9:10-31。
張維邦。2001。〈歐洲聯盟年表〉。《當代》169,9:84-91。
張顯耀。1995。《歐洲聯盟發展「共同外交暨安全政策」之研究》。台北:幼獅。
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張顯耀。1993。〈歐洲聯盟之「共同外交暨安全政策」取向研究〉。淡江歐研所碩士論文。
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張錫模。2003c。〈歐洲的政治力學與戰略焦慮〉。《南方快報》。http://home.kimo.com.tw/jessies38/specil_cou/Chang/Chang_index.htm。 2003/03/20。
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詹真榮。2000。〈歐洲一體化中的國家主權和職能的讓渡現象研究〉。胡瑾、王雪玉主編《發展中的歐洲聯盟》:315-322。濟南:山東人民出版社。
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(三)外文網路與媒體資源
10 Downing Street http://www.number-10.gov.uk
American Institute for Contemporary German Studies www.aicgs.org
Auswaertiges Amt(德國外交部) http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/www/de/index_html
British Embassy Berlin http://www.britischebotschaft.de
BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk
Centre For European Reform http://www.cer.org.uk
CNN International http://edition.cnn.com/
Council of the European Union http://ue.eu.int/cms3_fo/index.htm
Der Bundeskanzler(德國總理) http://www.bundeskanzler.de
Elysée Palace(法國總統府) http://www.elysee.fr/ang/index.shtm
Euobserver.com http://www.euobserver.com
EU Policy Network http://www.eupolicynetwork.org.uk
EUROPA(歐盟官方網站) http://www.europa.eu.int/index_en.htm
European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/field/iraq/index_en.htm
European Affairs http://www.europeanaffairs.org/index.html
European Analysis http://www.europeananalysis.org.uk/
European Policy Centre http://www.theepc.be/
European Policy Institute Network http://www.epin.org
Financial Times http://www.ft.com
Foreign & Commonwealth Office http://www.fco.gov.uk
Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) http://europa.eu.int/pol/cfsp/index_en.htm
FORNET (a network of research and teaching on European Foreign Policy) http://www.fornet.info/index.shtml
France Diplomatie(法國外交部) http://www.france.deplomatie.fr
International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com
Notre Europe http://www.notre-europe.asso.fr
Recent speeches and statements by the Prime Minister on Iraq http://www.number-10.gov.uk/output/Page3109.asp
Reden(德國總理相關發言紀錄) http://www.bundeskanzler.de/Reden-.7715.htm
Reuters http://reuters.com/
Speeches of President Chirac http://www.elysee.fr/ang/actus/speeches_.htm
Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik http://www.swp-berlin.org
The Economist http://www.economist.com
The European Union & the Situation in Iraq http://europe.eu.int/comm/world/iraqsit/index.htm
The Future of the European Union - Debate (歐盟憲法) http://www.europa.eu.int/futurum/index_en.htm
The Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk
The New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/
The Transnational Foundation For Peace and Future Research http://www.transnational.org
United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) http://www.unmovic.org
UN Security Council Resolutions http://www.un.org/documents/scres.htm
(四)中文網路與媒體資源
《Yahoo新聞》 http://tw.news.yahoo.com
《BBC中文網》 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/simp/hi/default.stm
《人民日報》
《人民網》 http://www.people.com.cn/GB/
《中國時報》
《光明日報》
和平論壇 http://www.peaceforum.org.tw/index_redir.jsp
《東森新聞》 http://www.ettoday.com
法國在台協會(Institut Français) http://www.fi-taipei.org/indexc.php
《經濟日報》(大陸版)
《解放軍報》http://www.pladaily.com.cn
《新華網》 http://big53.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/www.xinhuanet.com/home.htm
歐洲聯盟研究論壇 http://iir.nccu.edu.tw/eurf/index.html
歐洲聯盟研究協會 http://www.eusa-taiwan.org/
聯合國監測、核查和視察委員會 (簡體版) http://www.un.org/chinese/peace/unmovic/index.htm
聯合國安理會決議(簡體版) http://www.un.org/chinese/documents/scres.htm
《聯合報》
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