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研究生:張家豪
研究生(外文):Chia-Hao Chuang
論文名稱:海外產銷分工對廠商技術效率之影響-以台灣製造業為例
指導教授:李揚李揚引用關係鄭政秉鄭政秉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:資訊科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:技術效率隨機邊界模型產銷分工對外直接投資
外文關鍵詞:technical efficiencythe Stochastic Frontier Approachseparated marketing and shippingforeign direct investment
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經濟的快速變遷下,台商諸多營運行為面臨結構性的轉變,包括生產地點、供應鏈分工型態與接單出貨方式等,造成「台灣接單、海外出貨」之產銷分工模式發展迅速。
本研究以台灣地區從事對外投資活動之製造業者為研究對象,利用經濟部統計處93年「製造業對外投資實況調查」之原始問卷資料,運用隨機邊界函數法(Stochastic Frontier Approach)來探索台灣製造業廠商在利用海外直接投資方式進行產銷分工策略時,對於技術效率的影響。具體研究結果包括:
一、 台灣接單、海外出貨的營運模式會對台灣製造業廠商的技術效率造成引響。
二、 不同地區的出貨模式中,以台灣接單、台灣出貨為最有效率的營運模式。
三、 在對外投資廠商中,基礎工業及技術密集產業的技術效率明顯較傳統產業差。而研發支出越高,對廠商的技術效率越好。
Many Taiwanese firms invested in China face the changes of operation structure, including production site, supply-chain, marketing and shipping. So that the “Taiwan Marketing vs. foreign Shipping” operation model is developing quickly.
This study use a function of the Stochastic Frontier Approach to estimate technical efficiency on the samples of Taiwan manufactures which invested in foreign and process the strategy of separated marketing and shipping. The data come from 2004 “Report on Foreign Investment Strategies of the Manufactures,” conducted by Department of Statistics, Ministry of Economic Affairs. The major findings of this study are:
1. “Taiwan Marketing vs. foreign Shipping” operation models may affect the Taiwan manufactures on technical efficiency.
2. In the difference shipping area, “Taiwan Marketing vs. Taiwan Shipping” operation model is the most efficiency operation model.
3. In the foreign investment strategies of the manufactures, the technical efficiency of the fundamental and technical manufactures is obviously worse than traditional manufactures. However, the firms with higher research and development expenditure have better technical efficiency.
第壹章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的 5
第二節 研究對象與方法 6
第三節 論文架構與研究流程 7
第貳章 文獻回顧
第一節台商對外投資概述 8
第二節海外直接投資模式之相關文獻 17
第三節全球化及分工策略 26
第參章 理論基礎及模型設定
第一節經濟效率的理論基礎 37
第二節邊界函數的演革 39
第三節邊界分析法的分類 40
第四節模型設定及變數說明 48
第肆章 實證結果分析
第一節研究樣本及資料來源 53
第二節實證結果分析 55
第伍章 結論與建議
第一節研究結論 61
第二節建議 62
第三節研究限制 63
參考文獻 64


圖次
圖1-1: 研究流程圖 7
圖3-1: 技術效率與配置效率 37

表次
表2-1: 台灣對外投資統計—國家(地區)別 10
表2-2: 台商對大陸投資金額統計 11
表2-3: 台灣資訊硬體的生產基地與世界市場占有率 14
表2-4: 台灣接單各地出貨金額比 16
表2-5: 有vs.無對外投資之「台灣接單、各地出貨」比率 16
表2-6: 多國籍、全球性、國際性企業的組織特性 27
表2-7: 海外子公司的分類 29
表2-8: 多國籍企業子公司類型 30
表2-9: 赴大陸投資生產之產業分工型態 33
表3-1: 模型變數定義及說明 52
表4-1: 各變數基本統計量 54
表4-2: 隨機性邊界生產函數估計結果 55
表4-3: 技術無效率模型估計結果 57
表4-4: 樣本廠商技術效率分佈 60
一、中文文獻
李宗哲、傅豐誠、李志強(民83),「兩岸產業分工的理論與實際」,兩岸產業分工研討會,中華經濟研究院,頁1-37。
高希均、林祖嘉(民82),「台商”大陸投資”對國內產業升級與兩岸垂直分工影響之研究」,經濟部工業局委託研究。
高長(民90),「製造業赴大陸投資經營當地化及其對台灣經濟之影響」,經濟情勢暨評論,第七卷第一期,頁138-172。
莊奕琦、許碧峰(民90),「國際貿易、外人直接投資與產業生產力:中國大陸實證研究」,經濟論文,第二十九卷第二期,頁221-249。
陳明璋(民84),「從亞太論我國與大陸、東協之產業分工」,兩岸產業分工研討會,中華經濟研究院。
陳添枝 (民92),「全球化與兩岸經濟關係」,經濟論文叢刊,第31輯第3期,頁331-345。
曾紀幸、司徒達賢和于卓民(87),「多國籍企業網路組織類型與管理機制選擇之關係-在台外商公司之產品交易實證研究」,管理學報,第15卷,頁1-26。
黃台心(民87),「以隨機成本邊界函數分析本國銀行的規模與多元經濟」,經濟論文叢刊,第二十六卷第二期,頁209-241。
經濟部統計處(91),製造業對外投資實況調查報告(台北,經濟部統計處編)
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經濟部統計處(93),製造業對外投資實況調查報告(台北,經濟部統計處編)
劉水深 (民86),「大陸台商外銷通路之研究」,管理評論,第16卷第2期,頁1-20。
蔡渭水、楊仲偉、徐壽慈(民91),「影響中小企業跨區域分工模式相關因素之研究-以赴大陸投資台商為例」,企業管理學報,第52期,頁28-57。
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