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研究生:潘介棟
研究生(外文):Chien-Tung PAN
論文名稱:使用平行虛擬檔案系統建置網格大型儲存系統
論文名稱(外文):On Construction of a Large File System Using PVFS for Grid
指導教授:楊朝棟楊朝棟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chao-Tung Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:資訊工程與科學系碩士在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:英文
論文頁數:36
中文關鍵詞:叢集計算網格計算資料網格平行虛擬檔案系統
外文關鍵詞:Cluster computingGrid ComputingData GridParallel Virtual File Systems (PVFS)GridFTP
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網格 (Grid) 是繼 Internet 之後又一項重大的網路進步。這是由於網格系統 (Grid System) 具有廣泛使用性、高效能等特質。然而,網格系統中資料儲存空間的一致性和共用性亦受到挑戰。因此,計算網格 (Computational Grid)與資料網格 (Data Grid)協同應用上的問題更加顯的重要。運用叢集系統及其平行技術建置一套具有可用度高、擴充性強、高運算能力又兼具大型的儲存空間在網格下,將可解決上述問題。在這篇論文中,我們提出一個可以在網格系統裏,同時擁有高速運算的計算網格及高存取率的資料網格解決方法。在我們所架設環境中,計算網格部份,使用了叢集計算系統 (Cluster Computing)增加系統協同運算效能。資料網格部份,運用較高存取效能的平行檔案系統 (PVFS),已充分運用網格系統中有效的儲存空間。整個系統設計提高了網格系統的多用性能,提高存取率及運算效能。不論對大量資料存取或是巨量運算,都提供相當不錯的平台給網格使用者運用。
Grid is a great progress of network after Internet because the Grid System provides a specialty that it can be used popularly and effectively. However, it is a challenge to the consistency and community of use on the data storages space of Grid System. Therefore, the problem of application for the Computational Grid and Data Grid is more important. It can set up a usability, expandability, high operation capability, and large memory space in Grid with the Cluster system and parallel technique in order to solve the problem. In this paper, we provided a Grid with high operation capability and higher storage to solve the problem. As to the Grid setting, we take use of the Cluster computing to increase the operation effect for computing, and a PVFS2 with more storages effect for data. It can supply a quite correct platform for Grid user whether for large data access or huge operation.
Table of Contents
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
Table of Contents v
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Background 3
2.1. Cluster Computing 3
2.2. Grid Computing 4
2.3. Data Grids 6
2.4. PVFS 7
2.5. GridFTP 9
Chapter 3 System Architecture 11
3.1. Local PVFS for Cluster 12
3.2. PVFS for Grid 14
Chapter 4 System Implementation 18
4.1. System requirement 18
4.2. Local PVFS System install and configure 18
4.3. Global PVFS setup and configuration 24
4.4. Implementation result 29
Chapter 5 Application: Building a PVFS e-Learning Portal 31
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Future Work 33
Bibliography 34
Bibliography
[1]Chao-Tung Yang, Chi-Chu Hung, and Chia-Cheng Soong, “Parallel Computing on Low-Cost PC-Based SMPs Clusters,” Proc. of the 2001 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications, and Techniques
[2]R. Buyya, High Performance Cluster Computing: System and Architectures, Vol. 1, Prentice Hall PTR, NJ, 1999.
[3]R. Buyya, High Performance Cluster Computing: Programming and Applications, Vol. 2, Prentice Hall PTR, NJ, 1999.
[4]T. L. Sterling, J. Salmon, D. J. Backer, and D. F. Savarese, How to Build a Beowulf: A Guide to the Implementation and Application of PC Clusters, 2nd Printing, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 1999.
[5]B. Wilkinson and M. Allen, Parallel Programming: Techniques and Applications Using Networked Workstations and Parallel Computers, Prentice Hall PTR, NJ, 1999.
[6]CESDIS, Available at http://www.phy.duke.edu/resources/computing/brahma/Resources/beowulf/
[7]I. Foster, C. Kesselman, eds., The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, Calif. (1999).
[8]I. Foster et al., “The Physiology of the Grid: An Open Grid Services Architecture for Distributed Systems Integration,” available at http://www.globus.org/research/papers/ogsa.pdf
[9]I. Foster, “What is Grid? A Three Point Checklist,” available at http://www.gridtoday.com/02/0722/100136.html
[10]I. Foster, “The Grid: A New Infrastructure for 21st Century Science,” available at http://www.gridtoday.com/02/0805/100191.html
[11]I. Foster, “Internet Computing and the Emerging Grid,” available at http://www.nature.com/nature/webmatters/grid/grid.html
[12]I. Foster, C. Kesselman, and S. Tuecke. “The Anatomy of the Grid: Enabling Scalable Virtual Organizations,” International Journal of Supercomputer Applications, 15(3), 2001. Available at http://www.globus.org/research/papers/anatomy.pdf
[13]Global Grid Forum, Available at http://www.ggf.org/
[14]SETI@Home HomePage, Available at http://setiathome.ssl.berkeley.edu/
[15]Globus Toolkit 3.2: Installation Guide, Available at http://wwwunix.globus.org/toolkit/docs/3.2/installation/install_installing.html
[16]The Globus Project, Available at http://www.globus.org/
[17]The PVFS2 Project, Available at http://www.pvfs.org/pvfs2/
[18]Ahmar Abbas, “Grid Computing: A Practical Guide to Technology and Applications”, Charles River Media , 2004
[19]Joshy Joseph and Craig Fellenstein, “Grid Computing”, Prentice Hall PTR, December 30, 2003
[20]Avaki, Available at http://www.avaki.com/
[21]MPI Forum, Available at http://www.mpi-forum.org/
[22]MPICH Forum, Available at http://www-unix.mcs.anl.gov/mpi/mpich/
[23]MPICH-G2 Forum, Available at http://www.hpclab.niu.edu/mpi/
[24]Berkeley DB, Available at http://db.cs.berkeley.edu/
[25]ROMIO Forum, Available at http://www-unix.mcs.anl.gov/romio/
[26]MPI Forum. “MPI: A message-passing interface standard”. International Journal of Supercomputer Applications, 8 (3/4) 165-416, 1994.
[27]MPICH2 Forum, Available at http://www-unix.mcs.anl.gov/mpi/mpich2/
[28]Java SDK ,Available at http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/index.html
[29]The Gridftp Tools, Available at http://www.globus.org/datagrid/gridftp.html
[30]The XML Homepage, Available at http://www.xml.org/
[31]Stephen, Tucker., Andrew, Pigou., Thom D. Zaugg, “e-Learning making it happen now,” Proceedings of The 30th annual ACM SIGUCCS fall conference on User services conference, (2002) 292-293.
[32]D. Gannon, G. Fox, M. Pierce, B. Plale, G. von Laszewski, C. Severance, J. Hardin, J. Alameda, M. Thomas and J. Boisseau. “Grid Portals: A Scientist's Access Point for Grid Services,” GGF Working Draft DRAFT 1. 2003
[33]OGCE: Open Grid Computing Environment http://www.ogce.org/index.php
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