(3.238.186.43) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/28 15:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:蘇福新
研究生(外文):Su, Fu-Hsin
論文名稱:不同位置橄欖球選手身體組成與葡萄糖耐受度之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):The comparison of body composition and glucose tolerance on different position rugby players
指導教授:郭家驊郭家驊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo, Chia-Hua
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:DHEA-S胰島素敏感度身體組成
外文關鍵詞:DHEA-Stestosteroneinsulin sensitivitybody composition
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:209
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
不同位置橄欖球選手身體組成與葡萄糖耐受度之比較研究

摘 要
本研究目的在於探討橄欖球前鋒與後衛選手葡萄糖耐受度之差異。受試者為29位健康甲組男子橄欖球選手 (前鋒15位,年齡20.1± 0.35歲;後衛14位,年齡19.8 ± 0.42歲),並經訓練後,進行身體組成測量及口服葡萄糖耐受度、胰島素、可體松、睪固酮、尿酸、DHEA-S等測量。研究結果顯示:(1)後衛選手胰島素敏感度優於前鋒。(2)前鋒在高衝撞及阻力訓練下,肌肉組織損傷較後衛高。(3)前鋒球員在體重、BMI、體脂肪、脂肪百分比、腰臀圍比、去脂體重等皆高於後衛(p<0.05)。(4)前鋒與後衛訓練期總熱量攝取沒有差異,但依每公斤體重計熱量攝取(23.8 VS 30.05Kcal/kg)顯著低於後衛。(5)訓練期間前鋒球員DHEA-S優於後衛(p<.05)。結論:本研究發現前鋒選手胰島素敏感度差於後衛,而前鋒訓練方式有較高的肌肉量,中高強度的阻力訓練對葡萄糖吸收能力有助益,但應避免肌肉損傷影響葡萄糖耐受度。
The comparison of body composition and glucose tolerance on different position rugby players
Graduate Student: SU, FU-Hsin
Advisor: Kuo, Chia-Hua
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate that the comparison of body composition and glucose tolerance between different position rugby player. We recruited 29 professional rugby players as subjects (15 forwards, age20.1± 0.35, 13 backs, age 19.8 ± 0.42 ). We performed Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and measured insulin, saliva’s DHEA-S, serum testosterone, cortisol, and body composition measurement. The results showed that: (1) Backs had better insulin sensitivity than forwards. (2)Because of high impact resistance training, forwards have more muscle injury. (3) Forwards had significantly increasing body fat and free body mass (FFM) (p<.05). (4) Forwards consumed lower calories (23.8 Kcal/kg; 30.05 Kcal/kg) than backs, but have no different in total calories consumption. (5) Forwards had higher DHEA-S level than backs player. In conclusion, in this study we investigate that insulin sensitivity of back player is better than forwards. Moreover, we also found the training type of forward player has more musle mass. Therefore moderate resistance training had benefit on glucose uptake, but have to avoid to the adverse effect of glucose tolerance by muscle damage.
目 錄
簽名頁....................................................ii
受權書...................................................iii
中文摘要..................................................iv
英文摘要..................................................v
謝誌......................................................vi
目錄.....................................................vii
表目錄....................................................x
圖目錄....................................................xi
第一章 緒論........................................1
第一節 問題背景.......................................1
第二節 研究目的.......................................3
第三節 研究假設.......................................3
第四節 研究範圍與限制.................................4
第五節 名詞操作性定義.................................4
第六節 研究之必要性...................................6
第二章 相關文獻探討....................................7
第一節 橄欖球運動特色.................................7
第二節 橄欖球前鋒與後衛運動員的差異...................8
第三節 醣類在競技運動的重要性.........................10
第四節 運動對於葡萄糖耐受性與胰島素敏感性之影響.......12
第五節 體組成對於胰島素敏感度的影響...................16
第六節 激素(hormone)對葡萄糖耐受度及胰島素敏感度的
影響........................................19
第三章 研究方法與步驟...................................28
第一節 實驗對象.......................................28
第二節 實驗步驟.......................................28
第三節 實驗控制.......................................30
第四節 實驗儀器分析...................................31
第五節 統計分析.......................................34
第四章 結果與討論......................................35
第一節 結果...........................................35
第二節 討論......................................41
第五章 結論與建議....................................48
第一節 結論...........................................48
第二節 建議...........................................48
引用文獻.................................................50
一、中文部分..............................................50
二、英文部分...............................................52
引用文獻
一、中文部分:
王秉泰、陳美枝、王世樁、郭家驊(2003)。 增強式訓練法對手球
選胰島素敏感度之影響。 大專體育學刊,5(2),143-153。
宋 剛、包呼格吉樂圖(2004)。長期運動訓練對優秀女子中長跑
運動員睪酮、皮質醇和睪酮/皮質醇比值的影響。沈陽體
育學院學報,23,275-277。
李正達(1992)。優秀橄欖球運動員體型、身體組成與體適能之分析研究。南台工專學報,16,15。
黃永任(1991)。運動對血糖的影響。大專體育,1(14),
76-77。(譯自:The Physician and Sports Medicine, 1991,19(2),
139-140.
郭家驊、劉昉青、祁業榮、劉珍芳、張振崗、邱麗玲等人
(2001)。運動營養學。台中市:華格那發行。
張克振(1992)。現代橄欖球運動~實用技巧與理論~。台
北市:靖宇資訊科技公司出版。
郭天祥(1995)。不同攻守位置橄欖球選手的基本運動能力
與運動技能分析。台南家專學報,14,103。
鄭紅英、宋剛 (2004)。皮質醇、睪酮與運動。沈陽體育學院學報,23,304-305。
羅欣怡、許美智(2003)。運動訓練對體內睪固酮及皮質醇的影響。大專體育,60,143-149。
張棋楨 (民91年6月4日)。高尿酸追緝令。聯合報,第23板。
黃建生。網站:www.tpca.org.tw/chinese/publish/images/146/
h146.htm -6k。










二、英文部分:
Al-Harithy, R. N. (2003). Dehydroepiandrone sulfate levels in women. Relationships with body mass index, insulin and glucose levels. Saudi Medical Journal, 24(8), 837-41.
Anderson, K. E., Rosner, W., Khan, M. S., New, M. I., Pang, S. Y., & Wissel, P. S. et al. (1987). Diet-hormone interactions: protein/carbohydrate ratio alters reciprocally the plasma levels of testosterone and cortisol and their respective binding globulins in man. Life Sciences, 40, 1761-1768.
Armstong, R. B. (1984). Mechanisms of exercise-induced delayed onset muscular soreness. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 16, 529-538.
Asp, S., Daugaard, J. R., Kriisiansen, S., Kiens, B., & Richter, E. (1996). Eccentric exercise decrases maximal insulin action in humans:muscle and systemic effects. Journal of Physiology, 494, 891-898.
Asp, S., Daugaard, J. R., & Richter, E. A. (1995). Eccentric exercise decreases glucose transporter GLUT4 protein in human muscle. Journal of Physiology, 482 (3), 705-712.
Baker, D., & Nance, S. (1999). The relation between running speed and measures of strength and power in professional rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 13(3), 230-5.
Ball, M. E., Green, H. J., & Houston, M. E. (1983). Alterations in human muscle fibre type distribution induced by acute exercise. Histochemistry, 79(1), 53-57.
Baron, A. D., Laakso, M., Brechtel, G., Hoit, B., Watt, C., & Edelman, S. V. (1990). Reduced postprandial skeletal muscle blood flow contributes to glucose intolerance in human obesity. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 70, 1525-1533.
Bedir, A., Topbas, M., Tanyeri, F., Alvur, M., & Arik, N. (2003). Leptin might be a regulator of serum uric acid concentrations in humans. Japanese Heart Journal, 44(4), 527-536.
Bel1, G. L., Kayano, T., Buse, B., Burant, C. F., Takeda, J., & Lm, D., et al. (1990). Molecular bilolgy of mammalian glucosetransporters. Diabetes Care, 13, 198-208.
Bergstorm, J., Hermansen, L., Hultman, E., & Saltin, B. (1967). Diet, muscle glycogen, and physical performance. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 71, 140-150.
Bhasin, S., Woodhouse, L., Storer, T. W. (2001). Proof of the effect of testosterone on skeletal muscle. Journal of Endocrinology, 170(1), 27-38.
Birnbaum, M. J. (2001). Diabetes. Dialogue between muscle and fat. Nature, 409, 672-673.
Bonen, A., Ball-Burnett, M., & Russel , C. (1998). Glucose tolerance is improved after low-and high-Intensity exercise in middle-age men and women. Canadian Journal of Anplied Physiology, 23(6) , 583-593.
Bonnefoy, M., Kostka, T., Patricot, M. C., Berthouze, S. E., & Lacour, J. R. (2001). Lack of correlation between 6-month fluctuations in habitual physical activity and testosterone: concentrations in elderly subjects. Journal of Sports Mecicine and Physical Fitness, 14 (1), 78-82.
Borgardnus, C., Ravassin, E., Robbins, D. C., Wolfe, R., Horton, E. S., & Sins, E. A. (1984). Effects of physical training and diet therapy on carbohydrate metabolism in patients With glucose intolerance and non-insulin-dopendent diabetos. Mellitus. Diabetes, 33, 311-318.
Breda, E. V., Keizer, H., Kuipers, H., & Kranenburg, G. (2003). Effect of testosterone and endurance training on glycogen metabolism in skeletal muscle of chronic hyperglycaemic female rats. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 345-350.
Brown, M. D., Moore, G. E., Korytkowski, M. T., McCole, S. D., & Hagberg, J. M. (1997). Improvement of insulin sensitivity by short-term exercise training in hypertensive African American women. Hypertension, 30(6), 1549-1553.
Coderre, L., Kandror, K. V., Vallega, G., & Pilch, P. F. (1995). Indentification and characteriaation of an exercise-sensitive pool of glucose transporters in skeletal muscle. Journal of Bioloical Chemistry, 270, 27584-27588.
Cohen, P, Nimmo, HG, & Proud. CG. (1978). How does insulin stimulate glycogen synthesis? Biochem Soc Symp. 43, 69-95.
Cortez, M. Y., Torgan, C. E., Brozinick, J., & Ivy, J. L. (1991). Insulin resistance of obese Zucker rats exercise trained at two different intensities. The American Journal of Physiology, 261(5), 613-9.
Costill, D. L., D. D. Pascoe, W. J. Fink, R. A. Robergs, & S. I.. Barr. (1990). Impaired muscle glycogen resynthesis after eccentric exercise. Joural of Applied Pysiology, 69, 46-50.
Cüppers, H. J., D. Erdmann, H. Schubert, P. Berchtold, & M. Berger. (1982). Glucose tolerance, serum insulin, serum lipid in athletes. Diabetes and Exercise, M. Berger, P. Christacopoulus, and J. Wahren (eds.). Bern:Han Huber,115-165.
DeFronzo, R. A., Ferrannini, E., Sato, Y., Felig, P., & Wahren, J. (1981). Synergistic interaction between exercise and insulin on peripheral glucose uptake. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 68(6), 1468-74.
Dela, F., Ploug, T., Handberg, A., Potersen, L. N., Laresen, J., & Mikines, K. J. (1994). Physical training increases muscle GLUT4 protein and mRNA in patients with NTDDM, Diabetes, 43, 862-865.
Despres, J. P. (1997). Visceral obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia : contribution of endurance exercise training to the treatment of the plurimetabolic syndrome. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 25, 271-300.
DG. CooK, AG. Shaper, DS Thelle, & TP. Whitehead. (1986). Serum uric acid, serum glucose and diabetes: relationships in a population study. Postgrad. Med. J., 62: 1001 - 1006.
Duncan, G. E., Perri, M. G., Theriaque, D. W., Hutson, A. D., Eckel, R. H., & Stacpoole, P. W. (2003). Exercise training, without weight loss, increases insulin sensitivity and postheparin plasma lipase activity in previously sedentary adults. Diabetes Care, 26(3), 557-562.
Duthie, G., Pyne, D., & Hooper, S. (2003). Applied physiology and game-analysis of rugby union sports. Sports Medicine, 33(13), 973-991.
Dupler, T. L., & Cortes, C. (1993). Effects of whole-body resistive training in the elderly. Gerontology, 39,314-319.
Etgen, G. J., Wilson, C. M., Jensen, J., Cushman, S., & Ivy. J. L. (1996). Gucose transport and cell surface GLUT-4 protein in skeletal muscle of the obese Zucker rat. American Journal of Physiology, 271, 294-301.
Facchini, F., Chen, Y. D., Hollenbeck, C. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). Relationship between resistance to insulin-mediated glucose uptake, urinary uric acid clearance, and plasma uric acid concentration. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 266, 3008-3011.
Fava, M., Rosenbaum, J. F., MacLaughlin, R. A., Tesar, G. E., Pollack, M. H., & Cohen, L. S., et al. (1988). Dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate/
cortisol ratio in panic disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 38, 345-350.
Giorio Valenti., Licia Denti., Marcello Maggio., GianPaolo Ceda., Stefano Volpato., Stefania Bandinelli., Graziano Ceresini., Anne Cappola., Jack M., Guralnik, & Luigi Ferrucci. (2004). Effect of DHEA-S on Skeletal Muscle Over the Life Span: The InCHIANTI Study. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 59,66-472.
Goodyear, L. J., Hirshman, M. F., Valyou, P. M., & Horton, E. S. (1992). Glucose transporter number, function, and subcellular distribution in rat skeletal muscle after exercise training. Diabetes, 41, 1091-9.
Haffneret, S. M. (1997). Insulin resistance implications for type II diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease. American Journal of Medicine, 103(2), 152-162.
Hagberg, J. M., Graves, J. E., Limacher, M., Woods, D. R., Leggett, S. H., & Cononie, C., et al. (1989). Cardiovascular responses of 70-to-79yr-old men and women to exercise training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 66(6), 2589-2594.
Hakkinen, K., Pakarinen, A., Alen, M., Kauhanen, H., & Komi, P. (1988). Neuromuscular and hormonal. Journal of Applied Physiology, 65, 2406-12.
Haluzik, M., Boudova, L., Nedvidkova, J., Haluzikova, D., Barackova, M., & Brandejsky, P., et al. (1998). Lower serum leptin concentrations in rugby players in comparison with healthy non-sporting subjects- relationships to anthropometric and biochemical parameters. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 79(1), 58-61.
Han, D. H., Hansen, P. A., Chen, M. M., & Holloszy, J. O. (1998). DHEA treatment reduces fat accumulation and protects against insulin resistance in male rats. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 53(1), 19-24.
Hargreaves, M. (1998). Sir William Refshauge Lecture. Skeletal uscle glucose metabolism during exercise: implications for health and performance. Journal of Science and Medicint in Sprot, 1(4), 195-202.
Hasson, S. M., Daniels, J. C., Divine, J. G., Niebuhr, B. R., Rchmond, S., & Sten, P. G., et al. (1993). Effect of ibuprofen use on muscle soreness, damage, and performance: a preliminary investigation. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 25(1), 9-17.
Helmreich, E. J. (2001). The biochemistry of cell signaling. Regulation by a hormone: the insulin response.137-154.
Hickey, M. S., Considine, R. V., Israel, R. G., Mahar, T. L., McCammon, G. L., & Tyndall, J.A., et al. (1996). Leptin is related to body fat content in male distance runners. The American Journal of Physiology, 271, 938-940.
Holloszy, J. O. (2003). A forty-year memoir of research on the regulation of glucose transport into muscle. The American Journal of Physiology, 284(3), 453-67.
Holmang, A., Svedberg, J., Jennische, E., Bjorntorp, P. (1992). Effects of testosterone on muscle insulin sensitivity and morphology in female rats. American Journal of Physiology, 259, E555-560.
Indrani, S. H., Stephen, M. R., Martin, I. L., & Shalender, B. (2003). Testosterone-induced muscle hypertrophy is associated with an increase in satellite cell number in healthy, young men. American Journal Physiology Endocrinology Metabolism, 285, 197-205.
Ishizuka, T., Kajita, K., Miura, A., Ishizawa, M., Kanoh, Y., & Itaya, S., et al. (1999). DHEA improves glucose uptake via activations of protein kinase C and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. American Journal of Physiology, 276(1), 196-204.
Ivy, J. L., Kuo, C. H. (1998). Regulation of GLUT4 protein and glycogen synthase during muscle glycogen synthesis after exercise. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 162, 295-304.
Ivy, J. L., Zderic, T. W., & Fogt, D. L. (1999). Prevention and treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 27, 1-35.
Jakubowicz, D. J., Beer, N. A., Beer, R. M., & Nestler, J. E. (1995). Disparate effects of weight reduction by diet on serum dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels in obese men and women. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 80(11), 3373-6.
Jensen, J., Oftebro, H., Breigan, B., Johnsson, A., Ohlin, K., & Meen, H. D., et al. (1991). Comparison of changes in testorsterone concentrations after strength and endurance exercise in well trained men. European Journl of Applied Physiology and Occupational Pphysiology, 63(6), 467-471.
Kelley, D. E., & Goodqaster, S. H. (1999). Effects of physical activity on insulin action and glucose tolerance in obesity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(11), 619-623.
King, D. S., Dalsky, G. P., Clutter, W. E., Young, D. A., Staten, M. A., & Cryer, P. E., et al. (1988). Effects of exercise and lack of exercise on insulin sensitivity and responsiveness. Journal of Applied Physiology, 64(5), 1942-1946.
Kirwan, J. P., Aguila, L. F., Hemandez, J. M., Williamson, D. L., O’Gorman, D. J., & Lewis, R., et al. (2000). Regular exercise enhances insulin activation of IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase in human skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology, 88, 797-803.
Komi, P. V., & Viitasalo, J. K. (1977). Changes in motor unit activity and metabolism in human skeletal muscle during and after repeated eccentric and concentric contractions. Acta Physiological Scandinavica, 10, 246-254.
Kraemer, W. J., Loebel, C. C., Volek, J. S., Ratames, N. A., Newton, R. U., & Wickham, R. B., et al. (2001). The effect of heavy resistance exercise on the circadian rhythm of salivary testosterone in men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 84(1), 13-8.
Kuo, C. H., Zhenping, D., & Ivy, J. L. (1996). Interaction of exercise training and Clenbuterol on GLUT-4 protein in muscle of obese Zucker rats. American Journal of Physiology, 271(34), 847-854.
Lehto, S., Niskanen, L., RooLnnemaa, T., & Laakso, M. (1998). Serum Uric Acid Is a Strong Predictor of Stroke in Patients With Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus. Stroke, 29, 635-639.
Maffei, M., Halaas, J., Ravussin, E., Pratley, R. E., Lee, G. H., & Zhang, Y., et al. (1995). Leptin levels in human and rodent: measurement of plasma leptin and ob RNA in obese and weight-reduced subjects. Nature Medicine, 1(11), 1155-1161.
Marin, P., Holmang, S., Jonsson, L ., Sjostrom, L., Kvist, H., & Holm, G., et al. (1992). The effects of testosterone treatment on body composition and metabolism im middle-aged obese men. International Journal Obesity Relationship Metabolism Disorder, 16, 991-997.
McHugh, M. P., Connolly, D. A., Eston, R. G., & Gleim, G. W. (1999). Exercise-induced muscle damaze and potential mechanisms for the repeated bout effect. Sports Medicine, 27, 157-170.
Modan, M., Halkin, H., Karasik, A., & Lusky, A. (1987). Elevated serum uric acid: a facet of hyperinsulinemia. Diabetologia, 30, 713-718.
Newham, D. J., Jones, D. A., & Ebwards, R. H. (1983). Large delayed plasma cratine Kinase changes after stepping exercise. Muscle and Nerve, 6, 380-385.
Nicklas, B. J., Ryan, A. J., Treuth, M. M., Harman, S. M., Blackman, M. R., & Hurley, B. F., et al. (1995). Testosterone, growth hormone and IGF-I responses to acute and chronic resistive exercise in men aged 55-70 years. International Journal of Spors Medicine, 16(7), 445-450.
Nicklas, B. J., Ryan, A. J., Treuth, M. M., Harman, S. M., Blackman, M. R., Hurley, B. F., & Rogers, M. A. (1995). Testosterone, growth hormone and IGF-I responses to acute and chronic resistive exercise in men aged 55-70 years. International journal of spors medicine, 16 (7),445-450.
Nyholm, B., Qu, Z., Kaal, A., Pedersen, S. B., Gravholt, C. H., & Andersen, J. L. (1997). Evidence of an increased number of type IIb muscle fibers in insulin-resistant first-degree relatives of patients with NIDDM. Journal of the American Diabetes Association, 46(11), 1822-1828.
Quarrie, K. L., & Wilson, B. D. (2000). Force production in the rugby union scrum. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18, 237-246.
Reaven, G. M. (1988). Role of insulin resistance in human disease. Diabetes, 37, 1595-1607.
Rodenburg, J. B., Bar, P. R., & Boeer, R. W. (1993). Relations between muscle soreness and biochemical and functional outcomes of eccentric exercise. Journal of applied physiology, 74, 2976-2983.
Romijn, J. A., Coyle, E. F., Sidossis, L. S., Castaldelli , A ., Horowitz, J. F., & Endert, E., et al. (1993). Regulation of endogenous fat and carbohydrate metabolism in relation to exercise tensity and duration. American Journal of Physiology, 265, 380-91.
Roth, G. S., Lane, M. A., Ingram, D. K., Mattison, J. A., Elahi, D., & Tobin, J. D., et al. (2002). Biomarkers of caloric restriction may predict longevity in humans. Science, 287, 811.
Ryan, A. S. (2000). Insulin resistance with aging: effects of diet and exercise. Sports Medicne, 30(5) ,327-346.
Seals, D. R., Hagberg, J. M., Allen, W. K., Hurley, B. F., Dalsky, G. P., & Ehsani, A. A., et al. (1984). Glucose tolerance in young and older athletes and sedentary men. Journal of applied physiology, 56, 1521-1525.
Simoneau, J. A., Lortie, G., Boulay. M. R., Marcotte, M., Thibault, M. C., & Bouchard, C. (1985). Human skeletal muscle fiber type alteration with high-intensity intermittent training. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 54(3), 250-3.
Simon, D., Charles, M. A., Lahlou, N., Nahoul, K., Oppert, J. M., Gouault-Heilmann, M., Lemort, N., Thibult, N., Joubert, E., Balkau, B., Eschwege, E. (2001). Androgen therapy improves insulin sensitivity and decreases leptin level in healthy adult men with low plasma total testosterone: a 3-month randomized placebo-controlled trial. Diabetes Care, 24 (12), 2149-2151.
Sjodin, B, Hellsten Westing Y. (1990). Changes in plasma concentration of hypoxanthine and uric acid in man with short-distance running at various intensities. Int J Sports Med.,11 (6), 493-5.
Stathis, C. G., Zhao, S., Careym, F., & Snow, R. J. (1999). Purine loss after repeated sprint bouts in humans. Journal of applied physiology, 87(6), 2037-2042.
Steppan, C. M., Bailey, S. T., Bhat, S., Brown, E. J., Banerjee, R. R., & Wright, C. M., et al. (2001). The hormone resistin links obesity to diabetes. Nature, 409(6818), 307-12.
Thomas, T., Burguera, B., Melton L., Atkinson, E. J., O'Fallon, W. M., & Riggs, B. L., et al. (2000). Relationship of serum leptin levels with body composition and sex steroid. Metaboism, 49(10), 1278-1284.
Urhausen, A., Gabriel, H., & Kindermann,W. (1995).Blood hormones as markers of training stress and overtaining. Sport Medicine, 20(4), 251-276.
Usiskin, K. S., Butterworth, S., Clore, J. N., Arad, Y., Ginsberg, H. N., & Blackard, W. G. (1990). Lack of effect of ehydroepiandrosterone in obese men. International journal of obesity, 14, 457-453.
Utriainen, T., Nuutila, P., Takala, T., Vicini, P., Ruotsalainen, U., & Rönnemaa, T., et al. (1997). Intact insulin stimulation of skeletal muscle blood flow, its heterogeneity and redistribution, but not of glucose uptake in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 100, 777-785.
Yasuda, T., Sakamoto, K., Nosaka, K., Wada, M., & Katsuta. S. (1997). Loss of asrcoplasmic reticulum membrane integrity after eccentric contractions. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 161(4), 581-2.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔