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研究生:張立德
研究生(外文):Li-Ta chang
論文名稱:自動化測試SNMP與RMONProtocol
論文名稱(外文):Auto testing of SNMP and RMON Protocol
指導教授:林金城林金城引用關係
指導教授(外文):Prof. Jin-Cherng Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大同大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系(所)
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:自動化測試
外文關鍵詞:RMONSNMPTRAP
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:521
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:70
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
今日的網路到處充斥著路由器(router)、交換器(switch)以及伺服器

(server),要管理網路上的所有設備,確定他們不只正常運作且擁有最佳的效

率,似乎是件麻煩的事。但這正是簡易網路管理協定(Simple Network Management

Protocol,簡稱SNMP)可以著力的地方。為了有效管理IP(Internet Protocol)

裝置,管理人員日益需要一套可供遵循的標準,1988年SNMP於焉問世。SNMP提供

了一套簡易操作程序,管理人員可藉以在遠端管理網路裝置。

科技產品日新月異,各式各樣的網路產品如雨後春筍般冒出,因為SNMP為網

管的基礎,所以各廠商如何測試自己的產品SNMP的行為是否正常成為一個重要

的課題並且也可以順便探知道自己產品的穩定性,而SNMP如果利用人工手動測

試非常耗時,因為大量的OID點使用人工測試太費時且易出錯,而測試RMON所

使用的Smartbit機器太昂貴易造成成本大增,而一般的SNMP的測試軟體也只能

對Public MIB作測試,無法應付各別設備上所獨特擁有的Private MIB測試,所

以本論文將針對如何減少SNMP、RMON的測試成本和如何建置更有效率去測試的

環境為重點。
All of us know , ' test ' is really trying smelting the field of
products; Even to the huge energies of bet of a software
development project, if it is not up to standard or futile to test,
because what the customer wants is ' the acceptable product ', but
not ' the diligent course ' of you. So needn't go into details in
importance tested. A lot of people mention testing, have full of
resentment always, because it seem to be one trouble on ' it's easy
to know but difficult to practise work.
TABLES OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS............................................................2
CHINESE ABSTRACT...........................................................4
LIST OF FIGURES............................................................6
LIST OF TABLES.............................................................1
Chapter I IntroductioN.....................................................8
1.1 Motivation............................................................11
1.2 Literature Review.....................................................15
1.3 Scope of the Present Study............................................18
Chapter II Theoretical Analysis...........................................20
2.1 Testing Principle.....................................................22
2.2 Testing Procedure.....................................................24
2.3 Testing Automatic.....................................................27
2.4 Related Work..........................................................28
Chapter III Auto testing on SNMP,Trap,RMON................................30
3.1 SNMP Protocol Introduction............................................31
3.2 Protocol Testing......................................................36
3.3 Testing Automated.....................................................49
3.4 Auto Test Suite.......................................................52
3.5 RMON Auto parallel testing............................................66
Chapter IV Results and Discussion.........................................74
4.1. manual and auto test times on Public OID interfaces Group ............75
4.2 Difference between manual and auto test times on Trap.................76
4.3 Difference between manual and auto test times on RMON statistics Group78
CHAPER V Future work......................................................80
  5.1 Conclusion........................................................74
5.2 Future work.......................................................75
References................................................................85


LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Classical Life Cycle Model.....................................13
Figure 2:Testing Procedure...............................................21
Figure 3:Debugging Procedure.............................................22
Figure 4: SNMP&RFC History...............................................27
Figure 5:The Eniverment of SNMP..........................................28
Figure 6:The behavior of SNMP............................................29
Figure 7:The RFC of RMON1 and RMON2......................................30
Figure8 :RMON Statistics group Test Case.................................37
Figure9 :Tradition RMON function testing Environment .....................43
Figure10 :Auto-Testing Environment........................................46
Figure11 :Environment of auto testing on SNMP OID.........................50
Figure12 :Environment of auto testing on Trap.............................55
Figure13 :RMON Statistics group...........................................56
Figure14 :Control of etherStatsStatus OID.................................57
Figure15 : Environment of auto testing on RMON............................60
Figure16 :After queuing of test case......................................66
Figure17 :After queuing of test case by using 2~12port....................68
Figure18 :Execute times of parallel by using 1~25port .....................68
Figure19 :Compare manual test and auto test...............................73
Figure20 :Case1 execute times 3000sec.....................................75


LIST OF TABLES
Table 1:Comparison of Testing Tools........................................30
Table 2:Test times of Auto testing on ATD..................................69
Figure3:Difference between manual and auto test times on Public OID interfaces Group......................................................................75
Figure4:Difference between manual and auto test times on Trap..............76
Figure5:Difference between manual and multi-auto test times on Trap........77
Figure6:Difference between manual and auto test times on RMON statistics Group78
References
[Fryx95] B Fryxell D J. Becker, T Sterling, D Savarese, , K Olson.
Communication Overhead for Space Science Applications on
the Beowulf Parallel Workstation. Proceedings,High
Performance and Distributed Computing, 1995.
[Maur01]D.R. Mauro &Kevin J.Schmidt Essential SNMP 2001, Chapter
1,10
[Murr99]J.D.Murray .Simple Network Management Protocol, 1999,
Chapter 1
[Pres01]R.S. Pressman . Software Engineering: A Practitioner s Approach
Fifth Editions , 2001 , Chapter 8,17,18
[Resc96] C Reschke, T Sterling, D Ridge, D Savarese, D Becker, and P
Merkey A Design Study of Alternative Network Topologies
for the Beowulf Parallel Workstation. Proceedings Fifth IEEE
International Symposium on High Performance Distributed
Computing, 1996.
[RFC1155]Internet Engineering Task Force , Simple Network
Management Protocol, Version 1 Structure and Identification of
Management Information, SNMPv1,May 1990.
[RFC1156] Internet Engineering Task Force, Management Information
Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets,May
1990.
[RFC1157] Internet Engineering Task Force, Simple Network
Management Protocol, Version 1, May 1990.
[RFC1212] Internet Engineering Task Force, Concise MIB Definitions,
March 1991.
[RFC1213] Internet Engineering Task Force,Management Information
Base II,March 1991.
[RFC1513] Internet Engineering Task Force, Token Ring Extensions to
the Remote Network Monitoring MIB, September 1993.
[RFC1757] Internet Engineering Task Force, Remote Network
Monitoring Management Information Base, February 1995
[RFC1901] Internet Engineering Task Force, Introduction to
Community-based SNMPv2, January 1996.
[RFC2211] Internet Engineering Task Force, SNMPv2 Management
Information Base for the Internet Protocol using SMIv2,
November 1996.
[RFC2212] Internet Engineering Task Force, SNMPv2 Management
Information Base for the Transmission Control Protocol using
SMIv2, November 1996.
[RFC2213] Internet Engineering Task Force, SNMPv2 Management
Information Base for the User Datagram Protocol using
SMIv2, November 1996.
[RFC2021] Internet Engineering Task Force, Remote Network
Monitoring Management Information Base Version 2 using
SMIv2, January 1997
[RFC2819] Internet Engineering Task Force, Remote Network
Monitoring Management Information Base,May 2000.
[RFC2836] Internet Engineering Task Force, The Interfaces Group MIB
using SMIv2,June 2000.
[Ridg97] D Ridge, D Becker, P Merkey, T Sterling Becker, and P Merkey.
Harnessing the Power of Parallelism in a Pile-of-PCs.
Proceedings, IEEE Aerospace, 1997.
[Sava95] D Savarese, D J. Becker, T Sterling, John E. Dorband, Udaya
A. Ranawak, Charles V. Packer. BEOWULF: A PARALLEL
WORKSTATION FOR SCIENTIFIC COMPUTATION.
Proceedings, International Conference on Parallel Processing,
1995.
[Somm97]I. Sommerville . Software Engineering , 1997 , Chapter 22
[Ster96] T Sterling, D J. Becker, D Savarese, M R. Berry, and C Res.
Achieving a Balanced Low-Cost Architecture for Mass
Storage Management through Multiple Fast Ethernet Channels
on the Beowulf Parallel Workstation. Proceedings,
International Parallel Processing Symposium, 1996.
[Wu03]C.Hwu http://taiwan.cnet.com/enterprise/column/0,2000062893, 20086013,00.htm visit on 07/09/2005
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