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研究生:楊書豪
研究生(外文):Shu-Hao Yang
論文名稱:以IPv6自動組態機制及叢集為基礎整合行動隨意網路與網際網路
論文名稱(外文):The Use of Cluster-based and IPv6 Auto-configuration for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Extensions to the Internet
指導教授:張慶龍張慶龍引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電子與資訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:網際網路叢集路由行動隨意網路
外文關鍵詞:ClusterRouting ProtocolInternetMANET
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  隨著時代的演進,網路通訊技術的發展也從有線網路演進到無線網路。其中行動隨意網路 (Mobile Ad-Hoc networks) 簡稱MANET,更是備受矚目。它是由許多具有無線裝置的行動節點所動態構成的網路,節點與節點之間的通訊是經由其鄰近的節點所傳送,其特色是不需預先建構相關網路基礎設施,如:基地台 (Access Point) 等。即可透過行動節點 (Mobile Node) 彼此間互相通訊。通常應用在軍事、救災或臨時集會場合。行動節點可能為筆記型電腦、個人數位助理等具有無線通訊裝置之設備。
  本篇論文是架構在叢集 (Cluster) 路由方式的行動隨意網路 (Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks) 平台上,整合IPv6自動組態設定 (IPv6 Auto-configuration) 與SIP協定,以提供行動節點所需的IP位址,與相關位置之資訊。並提出一個分散式路由機制,使網際網路內的終端機可與行動網路節點互相通訊。
  Mobile Ad-Hoc networks (MANET) are dynamically organized by a collection of wireless mobile nodes. The communication between mobile nodes can be accomplished by relying on the nearby mobile nodes. In ad hoc networks, any pre-established wired or wireless infrastructures and the centralized administration, such as the base stations, are unnecessary. Therefore, the MANET is especially important and useful in the small region or the region without base station supporting such as in battlefield or disaster area.
  This paper proposes a mechanism to integrate MANET and Internet. Based on cluster-based routing architecture the mechanism integrates both techniques of IPv6 auto-configuration and SIP protocol to allow mobile nodes in mobile network can be very conveniently used MANET and the Internet resources.
中文摘要-----------------------------------------i
英文摘要----------------------------------------ii
誌謝-------------------------------------------iii
目錄--------------------------------------------iv
表目錄-------------------------------------------v
圖目錄------------------------------------------vi
第一章、
緒論---------------------------------------------1
1.1
MANET簡介----------------------------------------1
1.2
MANET路由方式------------------------------------3
1.3
MANET路由協定------------------------------------4
1.4
相關文獻-----------------------------------------5
1.5
研究目的-----------------------------------------6
第二章、
問題考量與說明-----------------------------------7
2.1
問題考量-----------------------------------------7
2.2
相關協定說明-------------------------------------9
2.2.1
IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) --------------9
2.2.2
SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) --------------11
2.2.3
AODV (Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector)---------12
2.2.4
AODV6 (Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector for IPv6)-------------------------------------------------13
第三章、
系統架構與運作----------------------------------14
3.1
叢集規劃與定義----------------------------------15
3.1.1
叢集領袖 (Cluster Leader) ----------------------16
3.1.2
叢集組員 (Cluster Members) ---------------------18
3.1.3
多重介面 (Multi-homed) -------------------------18
3.2
路由選擇表的功用與定義--------------------------19
3.3
行動節點路由範例--------------------------------21
3.4
叢集組員移動性----------------------------------38
3.5
廣域前置位址 (Global Prefix Delegation)---------42
第四章、
模擬環境與參數----------------------------------44
4.1
模擬結果----------------------------------------45
第五章、
結論--------------------------------------------46

參考文獻----------------------------------------47
簡歷--------------------------------------------50
[1] Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks working group IETF URL:
http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/manet-charter.html.

[2] C. Perkins, E. Royer, and S. Das. “Ad hoc on demand distance vector (AODV) routing for IP version 6,” IETF Internet Draft, draft-perkins-manet-aodv601. txt, November 2001.

[3] C. Perkins, E. M. Belding-Royer, and S. R. Das, “Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) Routing,” Network Working Group RFC 3561, July 2003

[4] Y. T. Mingliang Jiang, Jinyang Li, "Cluster based routing protocol," IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-cbrp-spec-01.txt, July 1999.

[5] Y.-L. Chang and C.-C. Hsu, "Routing in wireless/mobile ad-hoc networks via dynamic group construction," Mobile Networks and Applications, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 27-37, Mar. 2000.

[6] X. Hong, K. Xu, and M. Gerla, “Scalable routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks,” IEEE Network, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 11 -21, July/Aug. 2002.

[7] Il-kyun Park, Young Han Kim, Sang-san Lee, “IPv6 Address Allocation in Hybrid Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks,” The 2nd IEEE Workshop on Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing Systems, May 2004, pp. 58 – 62.

[8] IEEE Guidelines for 64-bit Global Identifier (EUI-64) Registration Authority, Mar. 1997, available online at http://standards.ieee.org/db/oui/tutorials/EUI64.html.

[9] R. Wakikawa, J. T. Malinen, C. E. Perkins, A. Nilsson, and A. J. Tuominen, “Global connectivity for IPv6 mobile ad hoc Networks,” draft-wakikawa-manet-globalv6-02.txt, November 2002 (work in progress)

[10] Ammari, H.; El-Rewini, H. “Integration of mobile ad hoc networks and the Internet using mobile gateways,” Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, 2004. Proceedings. 18th International 26-30 April 2004 Page(s):218

[11] Corson, M.S.; Macker, J.P.; Cirincione, G.H. “Internet-based mobile ad hoc networking,” Internet Computing, IEEE Volume 3, Issue 4, July-Aug. 1999 Page(s):63 – 70

[12] Jeongkeun Lee; Dongkyun Kim; Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.; Yanghee Choi; Jihyuk Choi; Sangwoo Nam; “Hybrid gateway advertisement scheme for connecting mobile ad hoc networks to the Internet,” Vehicular Technology Conference, 2003. VTC 2003-Spring. The 57th IEEE Semiannual Volume 1, 22-25 April 2003 Page(s):191 - 195 vol.1

[13] Lamont, L.; Wang, M.; Villasenor, L.; Randhawa, T.; Hardy, R.; McConnel, P.; “An IPv6 and OLSR based architecture for integrating WLANs and MANETs to the Internet,” Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications, 2002. The 5th International Symposium on Volume 2, 27-30 Oct. 2002 Page(s):816 - 820 vol.2

[14] Y. C. Tseng, S. Y. Ni, and E. Y. Shih, "Adaptive approaches to relieving broadcast storms in a wireless multi-hop mobile ad hoc network," in Computers, IEEE Transactions on , Volume: 52 , Issue: 5 , May 2003.

[15] H.-C. Lin , Y.-H. Chu, “A clustering technique for large multi-hop mobile wireless networks,” Proc. Vehicular Technology Conference, vol. 2, pp.1545-1549, 2000.

[16] R. Hinden and S. Deering, IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture, RFC 2373, July 1998; available online at
http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc2373.txt.

[17] S. Thomson and T. Narten, “IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration,” Dec. 1998, RFC 2462.

[18] T.Narten, E.Nordmark and W.Simpson, “Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6,” Dec. 1998, RFC2461

[19] O. Troan and R. Droms. “IPv6 Prefix Options for DHCPv6”. IETF draft-ietf-dhc-dhcpv6-opt-prefixdelegation-05.txt, October 2003.

[20] K. Weniger and M. Zitterbart, “IPv6 autoconfiguration in large scale mobile ad-hoc networks,” In Proceedings of European Wireless 2002, Florence, Italy, February 2002

[21] Nathan Lutchansky, “IPv6 Router Advertisement Prefix Delegation Option,” draft-lutchann-ipv6-delegate-option- 00.txt, Feb 2002.

[22] B. Haberman and J. Martin, “Automatic Prefix Delegation Protocol for Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6),” drafthaberman- ipngwg-auto-prefix-02.txt, Feb 2002.

[23] A. Conta and S. Deering, Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Specification, RFC 2463, Dec. 1998; available online at
http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc2463.txt.

[24] C.E. Perkins, “Highly dynamic destination-sequenced distance-vector routing (DSDV) for mobile computers,” Computer Communications Review, Oct. 1994, pp. 234-244.

[25] Charles E. Perkins, Elizabeth M. Royer, and Samir R. Das, “Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing for IP version 6,” IETF Internet draft, draft-ietf-manet-aodv6-01.txt, November 2001 (Work in Progress).
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