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研究生(外文):Chin-Yi Lin
論文名稱(外文):A Study of RFID Security and Privacy Issues
指導教授(外文):Dong-Her Shih
外文關鍵詞:PrivacyElliptic Curves CryptographyKerberos V5RFIDSecurity
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:259
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:6
This research presents a formal mechanism called Lightweight-ECC of a cryptographic authentication protocol for RFID - Radio Frequency Identification smart tags. These smart tags are nowadays embedded in the many items and may come soon into our daily life. The main goal of RFID systems is to identify objects remotely by embedding smart tags, tiny devices capable of transmitting data, into these objects. Goods in stores can be tagged in order to prevent shoplifting, or to speed up the goods registration process by using wireless scanning instead of human or optical scanning. However, these wireless devices have raised public concern regarding violation of privacy and information security like individual information leakage, behavioral traceability, spoofing and industrial sabotage. It is necessary to provide security for those objects. Many solutions have been proposed but almost as many ways have been found to break them. And existing protocols almost don’t include symmetric or asymmetric cryptosystem authentication mechanisms. They couldn’t solve RFID security problems efficiently. Therefore, a new mechanism for authentication is proposed in this research. We present the concept of lightweight-ECC model that provides a high degree of security assurance. This research also analyzes my protocol from both security and privacy points of view and explains how to overcome above-mentioned security problems.
一、 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究流程 4
二、 文獻探討 6
2.1 無線射頻辨識技術 6
2.1.1卡片╱標籤(Tag) 6
2.1.2讀取器╱讀卡機(Reader) 8
2.1.3 後端資料庫(Back-End Database) 8
2.1.4 EPC(Electronic Product Code) 9
2.2 安全與隱私性之議題 9
2.2.1 竊聽(Eavesdropping) 10
2.2.2 追蹤(Traceability) 12
2.2.3 欺騙(Spoofing) 13
2.2.4 商業破壞(Industrial Sabotage) 15
2.3 安全議題的解決方法 16
2.3.1被動式Tag解決方法 17 Kill Tag Approach 17 Selective Blocker Tag 17 Physical ID Separation 23 Hash-Based Access Control 24
2.3.2主動式Tag解決方法 25 Rewritable Memory 25 Randomized Access Control 26 Hash Chain 29 XOR based One-Time Pad Scheme 30
2.4 橢圓曲線密碼學(Elliptic Curves Cryptography, ECC) 36
2.5 Kerberos認證協定與系統 37
2.6 本章小節 43
三、 橢圓曲線加解密 44
3.1橢圓曲線 (Elliptic Curves) 44
3.2 橢圓曲線上的乘法律 45
3.3 將明文轉換成橢圓曲線上的點 46
3.4 橢圓曲線的加解密 47
3.5 橢圓曲線加解密應用於RFID技術 49
四、 研究問題描述與系統架構 51
4.1 研究問題描述 51
4.2 系統考量 52
4.3 系統架構 53
4.3.1 被動式標籤(Passive Tag) 54 Tag記憶體配置 55 前端架構 58 後端架構 64
4.3.2 主動式標籤(Active Tag) 73
4.4 系統安全分析 75
4.4.1 資訊安全層面 76
4.4.2 RFID安全層面 79
五、 案例研究 85
5.1 RFID在航空產業行李運送的應用 85
5.2 RFID在航空產業行李追蹤的應用 89
六、 結論與未來研究 92
6.1 研究結論 92
6.2 研究限制 93
6.3 未來研究 93
參考文獻 96
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