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研究生:王榮諆
研究生(外文):Jung-chi Wang
論文名稱:次取樣雙重描述編碼及像素層次錯誤隱藏之高效率H.264視訊傳輸研究
論文名稱(外文):Sub-Sampling based Double Description Coding with Pixel-wise error concealment for efficient H.264 Video Transmission
指導教授:沈岱範
指導教授(外文):Day-fann Shen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:多重描述編碼H.264/AVC 無線視訊傳輸加權次取樣錯誤恢復像素層次錯誤隱藏技術
外文關鍵詞:H.264/AVC wireless video transmissionerror resilienceweighted sub samplepixel-wise error concealmentmultiple description coding
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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在無線視訊傳輸研究中,如何使位元率、計算量與抗誤力之間能有一個最佳的解決方案,一直是所有研究人員的難題,為了找到了一個較佳的解決方案,本論文分析了H.264錯誤恢復工具的優缺點,並根據普遍存在的大量增加位元率缺點,發展出以平均三點次取樣技術應用於多重描述編碼。文中提出改善直接次取樣的平均三點次取樣技術,以保留像素間的相關性以提昇壓縮效能,並導出平均三點次取樣的近似還原公式,並進一步利用平均三點次取樣的特性實現有別於方塊層次錯誤隱藏(Block-wise error concealment)的像素層次錯誤隱藏技術(Pixel-wise error concealment),可使錯誤隱藏技術更為細緻,畫面更平順;而考量到計算量的問題,我們提出只傳送二個描述就可達到相同的品質以降低計算量的方式。
根據實驗結果:本論文所提出的H.264 SS MDC比直接次取樣應用於MDC的位元率降低了約50%。而H.264的計算量也降低了1/2。當封包遺失時,pixel-wise error concealment的實現可使人眼感覺更加平順。
How to get a balance among the bit-rate, the power-consumption, and the error robustness is a very difficult problem in the wireless video transmission field.
After analyzing many H.264 error resilience tools, we find a common defect which the bit-rate will drastically increase with the robustness of error resistance and proposed an Average 3-point sub-sample(A3_45) based multiple description coding(MDC) technique to improve the compression capability by saving the inter-pixel redundancy rather than reduce it in the ordinary spatial sub-sample method.
Besides that, the characteristic of the Average 3-point sub-sample(A3_45) based multiple description coding(MDC) technique is suitable for Pixel-wise error concealment which can have more exquisite video than Block-wise error concealment.
In addition, we find that even with only two compression descriptions, we can efficiently decrease the power-consumption without sacrificing the visual quality.
As experiment results show, we can verify that H.264 SS MDC proposed in this thesis have almost 50% lower bit-rate than direct sub-sample method and efficiently decrease up to half the power-consumption. Especially when packets are lost, pixel-wise error concealment can cause much better visual quality.
摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究背景與回顧相關研究 1
1.3 研究目標 3
1.4 論文主要的貢獻 3
1.5 各章提要 3
第二章 背景 4
2.1 視訊通訊網路 4
2.2 無線視訊IP網路協定 4
2.2.1 實體層與鏈結層 5
2.2.2 網路層 (Network layer) 5
2.2.3 傳輸層 (Transport Layer) 5
2.2.4 應用層 (Application Layer) 6
2.3 H.264視訊壓縮標準 8
2.3.1 H.264 視訊編碼層(Video Coding Layer, VCL) 9
2.3.2 H.264 網路適應層(Network Abstraction Layer, NAL) 19
2.4 行動通道特性 20
第三章 網路錯誤控制與H.264錯誤控制機制 21
之實現與評估 21
3.1 傳輸服務平台錯誤控制 21
3.2應用層服務平台錯誤控制 22
3.3 H.264 錯誤恢復工具 22
3.3.1 畫面分割(Picture Segmentation) 23
3.3.2 插入Intra-方塊或畫面(Placement of Intra macroblock、Intra slice or Intra frame) 24
3.3.3 參考畫面選擇(Reference Picture Selection, RPS) 25
3.3.4 資料分割(Data Partition, DP) 26
3.3.5 參數集(Parameter Sets) 27
3.3.6有彈性的巨方塊次序(Flexible Macroblock Ordering , FMO) 27
3.3.7冗餘切片(Redundant slices, RS) 28
3.4 H.264 錯誤恢復工具實現與分析 29
3.4.1 評估準則 29
3.4.2 位元率與計算量比較 30
3.4.3 視覺品質比較 32
第四章 H.264次取樣雙重描述編碼 36
4.1 H.264次取樣多重描述編碼 36
4.1.1 H.264 SS MDC次取樣器(Sub-sampler)與超解析度重建器(Super-Resolution Reconstructor) 37
4.1.2 H.264編解碼器 49
4.1.3封包獨立傳輸通道 49
4.2 H.264 SS/MDC整體性能評估與討論 49
4.2.1 評估標準 50
4.2.2 固定QP下位元率與計算量之比較與討論 50
4.2.3 H.264 SS/MDC視覺品質實驗結果與討論 53
第五章 結論與未來研究 61
附錄 A 投搞內容 62
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