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研究生:葉泰佑
研究生(外文):Tai-you Ye
論文名稱:汽車用液壓無段式半主動懸吊致動器研發
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Hydraulic Semi-Active Continuous Variable Suspension Actuator for Automobiles
指導教授:任志強任志強引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jyh-Chyang Renn
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:機械工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:無段式
外文關鍵詞:Semi-Active Continuous Variable
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為了改善車輛的操控性與舒適度,國內外都有新的研究,國外在半主動懸吊系統及全主動懸吊系統之設計分析與製造方面,均有實際應用及相關產品,其技術能力領先國內甚多,國內避震器廠商擁有的相關技術僅止於傳統被動式與電馬達多段式半主動懸吊系統;近幾年國內雖有許多關於主動式與半主動式懸吊系統的論文發表,但是在實際開發此一層面卻比較少,所以本研究即以汽車為目標,實際製作汽車用液壓無段式半主動懸吊系統。
本研究為提高避震器使用的效能,研發出無段調變液壓比例阻尼控制閥,可做為阻尼力無段調變用,另外並製作控制電路板進行實際控制,再利用有限元素方法Flux 2D軟體模擬,最後經由實驗結果來驗證本論文所開發之液壓比例式半主動式懸吊系統應用於汽車上的性能表現相當優良。
To improve the handling and driving comfort of cars, there are many new researches both at home and abroad. Currently, there were many practical applications and relevant products in design and manufacture of semi-active and active suspension system in foreign country. However the up-to-date suspension technology in Taiwan is passive and electric motor multi-step semi-active suspension. Though, there are many reports about active and semi-active suspension system in recent years, but there is only few report about the implementation of hydraulic semi-active continuous variable suspension system. Therefore, this thesis uses the automobile as an example and try to implement the hydraulic semi-active continuous variable suspention system into automobiles.
In this paper, a proporpional damping valve was developed and applied to build a hydraulic semi-active suspension system in an automobile. Bsides, a electronic circuit was built to control the proportional valve. Finally, experimental results prove the superior advantages of the hydraulic semi-active suspension system of the automobile.
目 錄

中文摘要 --------------------------------------------------------------- i
英文摘要 --------------------------------------------------------------- ii
誌謝 --------------------------------------------------------------- iii
目錄 --------------------------------------------------------------- iv
表目錄 --------------------------------------------------------------- v
圖目錄 --------------------------------------------------------------- vi

第一章 緒論----------------------------------------------------------- 1
1-1 前言----------------------------------------------------------- 1
1-2 研究動機------------------------------------------------------ 2
1-3 文獻回顧-------------------------------------------------------3
1-4 論文架構------------------------------------------------------ 5

第二章 懸吊系統架構--------------------------------------------------- 6
2-1 懸吊系統理論--------------------------------------------------- 6
2-2 懸吊系統分類--------------------------------------------------- 6
2-3 懸吊系統的評價------------------------------------------------ 9
2-3-1 Burton Douglas Chart----------------------------------------- 11
2-3-2 Janeway Recommendations---------------------------------- 12
2-3-3 Goldman Presentation------------------------------------------ 14
2-3-4 舒適度評價方式之間比較----------------------------------------- 14
2-4 半主動式懸吊系統數學模型-------------------------------------- 16
2-5 數學模式------------------------------------------------------- 18
2-5-1 庫倫阻尼----------------------------------------------------- 20
2-5-2 二次阻尼----------------------------------------------------- 20

第三章 實驗設備------------------------------------------------------- 21
3.1 半主動懸吊系統架構---------------------------------------- 21
3.2 電路系統架構---------------------------------------------- 26
3-3 實驗測試平台----------------------------------------------- 28

第四章 控制電路設計與模擬---------------------------------------- 34

第五章 比例線圈磁路設計---------------------------------------------- 37
5-1 比例線圈應用Flux 2D軟體--------------------------------------- 37
5-2 比例線圈Flux 2D幾何圖形與材料性質建立------------------ 39
5-3 比例線圈Flux 2D模擬靜態響應--------------------------------- 48

第六章 實驗結果與分析----------------------------------------------- 54
6-1 比例閥性能實驗結果------------------------------------------ 54
6-2 比例閥性能響應實驗結果----------------------------------------- 60
6-3 比例線圈測試結果-------------------------------------------- 63
6-4 半主動式液壓懸吊實驗結果-------------------------------------- 67
6-5 實驗結果討論-------------------------------------------------- 70

第七章 結論與未來展望---------------------------------------------- 71
7-1 結論----------------------------------------------------------- 71
7-2 未來展望------------------------------------------------------- 72

參考文獻 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 73
附錄 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 77
自傳 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 79
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