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研究生(外文):Hsien-Cheng Chiu
論文名稱(外文):Visualization of Spatial-Temporal Information for Historic Sites on GIS
指導教授(外文):Ji-Hyun Lee
外文關鍵詞:VisualizationSpatial-Temporal DataHistorical SitesGIS
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古蹟是歷史的証明,它反映出當時期的社會價值觀、經濟狀況及文化背景。然而,傳統的媒體在做古蹟事件的紀錄時大都使用列表、或簡單的圖文描述。這些靜態的媒體刊物並未考慮到古蹟事件是一種動態的時空資料,是古蹟的連續變遷紀錄。使用傳統的文件紀錄並無法完整的描述事件的發生過程、原因、對建築的衝擊及古蹟間的評估與分析比較。換句話說,用靜態文件媒體無法完整且詳細展現古蹟的時空變遷資訊。在許多資料視覺化的研究中,地理資訊系統(GIS)被認為是很有效率的展示時空資料的分析展現工具。Peuquet 與 Duan (1995) 提出了ESTDM(event-based spatiotemporal data model)時空資料模型來專門負責處理以事件為主的時空資料,將每個事件的資訊,透過時間的探測與預存來將資料展現在地圖上。但是此模型只是依照時間的不同來動態展示靜態的事件資料。並未將事件當成動態的資料處理。因此本研究改善了ESTDM的缺失,發展出另一個時空資料模型ST-ESTDM(Smooth-Timing ESTDM),本研究也實作了一個展示系統,以台灣的古蹟為資料庫來例證我們的概念與方法。
A historic site shows different times in a space through history reflecting social values, economic situations, and cultural background of a particular period. However, in general, current paper-based static documents, such as descriptive lists, words, and simple marked maps, for describing the historic sites are lack of the capability to represent the meanings and changes of the historic sites in a spatial and temporal manner. When integrated with advanced visualization tools, GIS can become very effective tool for analyzing and representing complex data. Recently, the event-based spatial-temporal data model (ESTDM) that proposed by Peuquet and Duan (1995), which is useful to represent the spatial-temporal database. However, in the ESTDM, each event representation is static and fragmented, even though it is still needed to be captured and integrated in temporal manner. Therefore, in this research, we discuss on visualization of spatial-temporal information to describe and represent the past events occurred in several specific historic sites. Especially, we focus on improving the ESTDM methodology efficiently, so called “ST-ESTDM” (Smooth-Timing Event-based Spatial-Temporal Data Model) to overcome the disadvantage of ESTDM mentioned above. We develop a system prototype for Taiwanese historic sites to exemplify our concepts and methodology.
Chapter 1 Introduction
 1.1 Motivation
 1.2 Objective
 1.3 Scope of Research
 1.4 Procedure of Research
Chapter 2 Background
 2.1 Recent Developments in Visualization
  2.1.1 Basic Charting
  2.1.2 Graphical Indicators
  2.1.3 Animations
  2.1.4 World Wide Web
  2.1.5 Virtual Reality
  2.1.6 Advanced Visualizations
 2.2 Geographic Information System (GIS)
  2.2.1 Three Views of a GIS
 2.3 Spatial-Temporal Data
  2.3.1 Definition of Spatial-Temporal Data
  2.3.2 Components of Spatial-Temporal Data
 2.4 Spatial-Temporal Data Model on GIS
  2.4.1 Space-Time Cube Model
  2.4.2 Snapshot model
  2.4.3 Space-Time Composites (STC)
  2.4.4 Spatiotemporal object model (ST-Object model)
  2.4.5 Event based spatial-temporal data model (ESTDM)
 2.5 Summary
Chapter 3 Methodology
 3.1 Selecting the Visualization for Spatial-Temporal data of Historic Sites
  3.1.1 Mapping
  3.1.2 Animating static maps
 3.2 Spatial-Temporal Data Model for Historic Sites
  3.2.1 Disadvantages of existing ESTDM
  3.2.2 Enhancing the ESTDM: Smooth-Timing ESTDM
Chapter 4 Prototype Implementation
 4.1 System Framework
 4.2 Software of the System
  4.2.1 Visual Basic 6
  4.2.2 ArcView
  4.2.3 Access
 4.3 System Database
  4.3.1 Components of database for historic sites
  4.3.2 ER-Model of spatial-temporal data for historic sites
 4.4 System Flowchart
 4.5 System Interface
 4.6 Scenario
Chapter 5 Conclusion
 5.1 Contribution
 5.2 Feature work
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