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研究生:林宏澤
研究生(外文):Hong-Tze Lin
論文名稱:醯胺化聚壓克力乳膠顆粒催化環氧樹脂硬化反應研究
論文名稱(外文):The Application of Accelerating Curing Rate of Epoxy Resin by Using The Latexs Which Are Amidationed
指導教授:廖文城廖文城引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業化學與災害防治研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:立體障礙乳化聚合環氧樹脂
外文關鍵詞:epoxy resinemulsionsteric hindrance
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本實驗首先以乳化聚合法製備不同酸價的甲基丙烯酸甲酯系列與苯乙烯系列兩種乳膠顆粒,製備的過程中發現隨著界面活性劑的添加比例增加,對乳膠顆粒的合成粒徑有減小的趨勢,取上述製備之苯乙烯系列乳膠顆粒經由氯醯化表面改質,接枝二級胺類(dimethyl amine , diethyl amine, methyl aniline)與一級胺類(ethyl amine , aniline )於乳膠顆粒上,以形成一種新型的乳膠硬化促進劑,並探討對於固定一種環氧樹脂(Diglycidylether of bisphenol A)與硬化劑(Jeffamine D230)的硬化反應性,發現固定同一乳膠硬化促進劑添加比例下, 隨著乳膠顆粒表面酸價值提高,接枝胺類後的乳膠硬化促進劑硬化效果也會明顯提升,其中以接枝eyhyl amine的乳膠觸媒反應最為快速。同時也比較接枝不同的胺類的乳膠觸媒在相同添加比例下,反應的快慢也有一定的規則性,仍然以接枝eyhyl amine的乳膠觸媒為最快速,其原因可能與立體障礙有關,由DSC做動態升溫來觀察,亦可發現反應最高放熱溫度亦有相同的結果,整體而言,添加表面改質後的乳膠硬化促進劑確實於高溫及常溫下有高反應速率的效用。
We synthesized two kinds of three-component coploymer,one which consists of methyl methacrylate, methyl acrylic acid and acrylic acid by the free radical copolymerization,the other consists of styrene, methyl acrylic acid and acrylic acid by the same way. The copolymer is used as carriers in curing epoxy resin. In addition, each of latexs has different acid values which copolymerized in order to connect with some kinds of amines.
In our investigation,we found that the faster speed of a moter and more surfactants we added,the smaller latexs partical size we get. Besides, the smaller latexs partical size we synthesized, the more acid values we measured .
In addition, we also synthesized many kinds of epoxy harden catylazers, which are latexs connectd with some kinds of amines by using thionyl chloride. In our investigation,we found that adding the latexs that had connected with some kinds of amides makes the epoxy resin curing rate accelerated. And the latexs connected with ethyl amide have the fastest curing rate. It is possible that the curing rate is corresponded to the steric hindrance of amide which connecd to the latexs. Finally, we think that it is sure that the latexs connected with amide have one kind of function that makes the epoxy resin curing rate to be accelerated in any temperature.
中文摘要 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- I
英文摘要 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- II
致謝 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- III
目錄 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- IV
表目錄 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- VI
圖目錄 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- VII
一、 序論--------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1-1 前言--------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1-2 研究目的---------------------------------------------------------------- 3
二、 文獻回顧及原理----------------------------------------------------------- 4
2-1 乳化聚合---------------------------------------------------------------- 4
2-1.1 微胞的形成------------------------------------------------------------------- 4
2-1.2 微乳液----------------------------------------------------------------- 6
2-1.3 微乳液之分類----------------------------------------------------------- 8
2-1.4 乳化聚合反應----------------------------------------------------------- 9
2-1.5 乳化聚合反應之粒子核心形成機構----------------------------------- 10
2-1.6 乳化聚合文獻回顧---------------------------------------------------- 15
2-2 奈米粒子的特性------------------------------------------------------- 21
2-2.1 基本性質--------------------------------------------------------------- 21
2-2.2 奈米粒子的再聚集------------------------------------------------------ 23
2-2.3 微奈米粒子的安定-------------------------------------------------------- 24
2-3 醯胺化反應-------------------------------------------------------------- 26
2-3.1 由酸製備醯胺---------------------------------------------------------- 26
2-3.2 由醯氯製備醯胺---------------------------------------------------------- 27
2-3.3 醯胺化丙烯酸之文獻回顧------------------------------------------------ 28
2.4 環氧樹脂--------------------------------------------------------------- 29
2-4.1 環氧樹脂(Epoxy)簡介--------------------------------------------------- 29
2-4.2 環氧樹脂種類及特性----------------------------------------------------- 30
2-4.3 環氧樹脂改質------------------------------------------------------------ 31
2-4.4 環氧樹脂的硬化反應----------------------------------------------------- 33
2-4.5 環氧樹脂的觸媒潛伏化作法-------------------------------------------- 36

2-4.6 環氧樹脂以醯胺催化硬化之參考文獻------------------------------ 36
2-5 實驗設計概略---------------------------------------------------------- 38
三、 實驗藥品及方法---------------------------------------------------------- 39
3-1 實驗藥品--------------------------------------------------------------- 39
3-2 實驗儀器--------------------------------------------------------------- 41
3-3 實驗方法--------------------------------------------------------------- 44
3-3.1 微乳液的製備------------------------------------------------------------ 44
3-3.2 微乳化聚合反應---------------------------------------------------------- 44
3-3.3 實驗配方比例------------------------------------------------------------- 46
3-3.4 氯醯化乳膠顆粒----------------------------------------------------------- 50
3-3.5 醯胺化乳膠顆粒----------------------------------------------------------- 52
3-3.6 複材製備步驟------------------------------------------------------------- 53
3-3.7 環氧當量之測定----------------------------------------------------------- 54
3-3.8 酸價之測定-------------------------------------------------------------- 55
3-3.9 硬化劑(Jeffamine D230)之配比量計算------------------------------- 56
3-4 實驗儀器分析------------------------------------------------------------- 56
四、 結果與討論--------------------------------------------------------------- 59
4-1 乳化聚合(Emulsion Polymerization) ------------------------------------- 59
4-1.1 影響乳化聚合反應的因素----------------------------------------------- 59
4-1.2 乳膠顆粒的熱性質-------------------------------------------------------- 71
4-2 乳膠顆粒之官能基化------------------------------------------------------- 78
4-2.1 直接醯胺化乳膠顆粒------------------------------------------------------ 78
4-2.2 氯醯化乳膠顆粒---------------------------------------------------------- 81
4-2.3 氯醯化乳膠顆粒接枝胺類----------------------------------------------- 84
4-3 以含醯胺基乳膠催化環氧樹脂的硬化------------------------------- 89
4-3.1 環氧樹脂的硬化配方------------------------------------------------------ 89
4-3.2 含醯胺基乳膠催化環氧樹脂反應性探討---------------------------- 91
4-3.3 含醯胺基乳膠與環氧樹脂複合材料之熱性質探討---------------- 104
4-3.4 含醯胺基乳膠與環氧樹脂複合材料之機械性質探討------------ 108
4-4 形態學分析(SEM) --------------------------------------------------------- 112
五、 結論------------------------------------------------------------------- 115
六、 建議與未來方向---------------------------------------------------------- 117
七、 參考文獻-------------------------------------------------------------- 118
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