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研究生:蔡志達
研究生(外文):Chih-Ta Tsai
論文名稱:結合存貨分類與多物項存貨管理之績效評估
論文名稱(外文):Performance Evaluation of Inventory Classification Combine Multi-Item Inventory Management
指導教授:蔡啟揚
指導教授(外文):Chi-Yang Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:多物項存貨管理存貨分群
外文關鍵詞:Multi-item inventoryInventory classification
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在現今的環境中,有成千上萬的存貨種類,其中包含著各種性質差異極大的物項,面對如此龐大數量的物項及不同性質的物項來說,使用傳統的單一物項管理手法來管理存貨,實在是太過於複雜及費時,且完全是沒有效率可言,多物項存貨管理(multi-item inventory control)模式已有許多文獻證實,確實可比單一物項存貨模式節省成本,而企業在管理多物項存貨時,是否必須將存貨分類,如何將存貨分類,亦是一個值得深思的問題。
目前在多物項文獻的探討中,絕大部分的文獻只討論了多物項分群的部份,或是只討論多物項存貨管理手法,鮮少文獻是將兩者結合一起討論的,所以對於多物項存貨有無分群之成效為何,並沒有一個絕對的解答。因此,本研究應用四種存貨分群法則,將多物項存貨依照成本的存貨管理目標作分群,使分群結果能夠滿足成本最低之目標,並將各個分群導入相同的數個多物項存貨管理策略,包括週期盤點策略、修改過之週期盤點策略,與多物項存貨不分群的部份做比較,探討多物項存貨在有無分群情況下之差異,除此之外,本研究亦討論不同分群法則下不同多物項存貨管理策略之差異,以及在不同情況下使用何種存貨管理策略其管理成效較佳,並在最後提出綜合比較之分析建議。
Companies usually face thousands of inventory items with various properties. Traditional inventory management strategies developed for single item are less effective. It has been shown that multi-item inventory control methods perform better when dealing with multiple items. In addition, inventory classification can also be applied for more efficient management in this situation. However, it is seldom studied how to combine inventory classification and multi-item inventory control methods on inventory management and how the combination performs.
This research considers the application of the combination of inventory classification and multi-item inventory control methods. Items are first classified into groups. Multi-item inventory control methods are then applied on each group. Four classification techniques and two multi-item inventory control methods are considered. Numerical experiment is conducted and the performances and their differences based on related costs are compared and discussed. The results show the combination of the two techniques provides more effective management.
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 問題描述與研究假設 4
1.4 研究架構與流程 5
第二章 文獻探討 8
2.1 多物項存貨管理模式 8
2.2 多物項存貨分群法 10
2.2.1 ABC分群法 11
2.2.2 啟發式分群法 12
2.3 多物項存貨管理策略 17
2.3.1 多物項存貨策略介紹 17
2.3.2 其他多物項存貨策略 22
2.4 小結 24
第三章 研究方法 26
3.1 研究假設與研究步驟 26
3.2 分群法則之敘述 29
3.2.1 粒子群最佳化分群法 29
3.2.2 存貨管理目標之目標式說明 35
3.2.3 其他分群法則 38
3.3 多物項管理策略之探討 39
3.3.1 週期盤點策略(Periodic Heuristic) 39
3.3.2 修改過之週期盤點策略(Modified Periodic Heuristic) 42
第四章 例題測試與分析 46
4.1 測試例題介紹 46
4.2 例題測試分析 47
4.3 個別成本分析 53
4.3.1 訂購成本方面 53
4.3.2 持有成本方面 59
4.3.3 缺貨成本方面 64
4.4 小結 69
第五章 實例驗證與分析 72
5.1 實例驗證 73
5.2 小結 79
第六章 結論與未來展望 81
6.1 結論 81
6.2 未來展望 82
參考文獻 84
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