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研究生:鄭伊真
研究生(外文):I-chen Cheng
論文名稱:整夜睡眠剝奪對錯誤監控歷程的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Sleep Deprivation on Error Monitoring
指導教授:謝淑蘭謝淑蘭引用關係蔡玲玲蔡玲玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-lan HsiehLing-ling Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:心理學所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:錯誤正波反應鎖定側邊準備波錯誤關聯負波事件關聯電位睡眠剝奪錯誤監控錯誤矯正
外文關鍵詞:error positivity (Pe)error-related negativity (ERN)event-related potentials (ERPs)error correctionerror monitoringsleep deprivationresponse-locked lateralized readiness potentials
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本研究的主要目的在於藉由行為與事件關聯電生理證據(ERP)如錯誤關聯負波(ERN)、錯誤正波(Pe)以及反應鎖定側邊準備波(R-locked LRP)的變化,進一步探究整夜睡眠剝奪對於錯誤監控歷程,特別是錯誤矯正(error correction)的影響。共有16位受試者(7位女性、9位男性中正大學學生,年齡介於20~27歲)分別在正常睡眠與整夜睡眠剝奪後進行一修改版的旁側夾擊作業(modified flanker task),並被要求在發現錯誤後立即做矯正。過程中同時進行行為與腦波資料的記錄。實驗結果發現:在控制反應錯誤率和平均反應時間維持相同水準的情況下,睡眠剝奪效應並未明顯反映於平均的錯誤矯正率上;唯有刺激向度不一致嘗試次的錯誤矯正率在睡眠剝奪下顯著降低。再者,受試者對自身行為表現的主觀知覺與預期、判斷能力也會受睡眠剝奪的干擾而變差。從ERP資料顯示:睡眠剝奪效應主要使得ERN振幅顯著變小,而Pe振幅則無顯著差異;此現象亦呈現於有矯正的錯誤反應中。至於從R-locked LRP的分析結果發現:矯正反應鎖定LRP的起始時間點並未受睡眠剝奪的干擾而延遲,由此顯示:睡眠剝奪效應並未反映於錯誤矯正的動作準備歷程上。綜上所述,睡眠剝奪對於錯誤監控歷程及錯誤矯正機制的影響是特定而非全面性的,未來仍有必要針對作業性質、刺激類別等因素與睡眠剝奪之間的關聯性做更進一步的探討和釐清。
The aim of this study is to verify whether the error monitoring mechanism, especially involving error correction, is impaired after sleep deprivation. Sixteen healthy participants (7 women, 20-27 years old) performed a modified flanker task separately after normal sleep and one night of sleep deprivation. They were instructed to make correction immediately when they detected error responses. Behavioral data and event-related potentials (ERPs) were collected during the task. And the error-related negativity (ERN), the error positivity (Pe), as well as the response-locked lateralized readiness potentials (R-locked LRP) were further analyzed. Under controlling error rate and mean reaction time equally between the two sleep conditions, the behavioral results showed no significant decrease in mean correction rate following sleep deprivation. A specific impairment on correction rate was found only in the stimulus incongruent trials. In addition, there was significant discrepancy between subjective estimate and realistic performance in deprived-sleep condition. The ERPs results showed that sleep deprivation mainly reduced the amplitude of the ERN for both the overall error and error responses with correction. There was no significant difference in the amplitude of the Pe between the two sleep conditions, however. The results of LRP onset latency showed that sleep deprivation did not affect the initiation time of the error-correction actions. In summary, this study suggested that one night of sleep deprivation led to specific rather than general impairments in error monitoring processing and error correction mechanism. Further research is needed to investigate how sleep deprivation interacts with the nature of the different tasks and what extent of sleep deprivation effect may be presented.
目 錄
第一章 緒論
第一節 錯誤監控歷程
第二節 睡眠剝奪效應
第三節 研究目的、假設與實驗預期
第二章 研究方法
第一節 研究設計
壹、受試者篩選
貳、實驗流程
叁、作業
第二節 電生理紀錄
第三節 資料分析方法
壹、行為資料
貳、腦波資料
第三章 結果
第一節 行為資料
壹、整體反應表現
貳、反應時間
叁、一致性效應
肆、錯後行為調整
伍、衝突後行為調整
第二節 腦波資料
壹、反應鎖定成分波: ERN and Pe
ERN
Pe
貳、刺激鎖定成份波: N2 and P3
N2
P3
叁、R-locked LRP
第四章 總結與討論
第一節 睡眠剝奪效應之探討
壹、行為資料探討
貳、ERP資料探討
第二節 結論
第五章 參考文獻
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