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研究生:李孟修
研究生(外文):Meng-hsiu Li
論文名稱:思考風格對創新行為模式干擾效果之研究
論文名稱(外文):A study of the moderating effect of thinking style to the innovative behavior model
指導教授:陳玉樹陳玉樹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Shu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:成人及繼續教育所
學門:教育學門
學類:成人教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:148
中文關鍵詞:主管角色期望思考風格社會認知理論人際互動品質創新行為干擾效果組織創新氣候
外文關鍵詞:member exchange qualitymoderating effectinnovative behaviorinnovative climaterole expectthinking stylesocial cognitive theory
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現今企業為了維持競爭優勢及不斷推出新產品,然而創新的關鍵並不在產品本身而是在員工的創新行為。研發人員的創新行為不僅是產品創新的動力,更是建立組織競爭優勢的重要因素。因此,企業若要提升創新績效,必先發展研發人員的創新行為。本研究目的在探討高科技產業研發人員之創新行為模式,首先根據社會認知理論,提出一套適合分析影響個人行為表現的理論模式,再進一步探討思考風格對創新行為模式之干擾效果。
本研究樣本包括新竹科學園區與台南科學園區之高科技產業公司,共抽樣46家,回收有效樣本為541份,回收率為26.26%。本研究採問卷調查法,以「思考風格對創新行為模式之干擾效果調查問卷」來蒐集資料。運用SPSS進行描述性統計以瞭解樣本結構,並採LISREL軟體進行模式檢驗。
研究發現基底模式之整體適配良好,潛在變項間的參數估計又以「人際互動品質」對「創新行為」標準化係數.78最高,且達顯著水準。在思考風格對創新行為模式的干擾效果上,非立法型模式產生違犯估計的問題,而立法型模式於標準化參數均達顯著水準,整體適配度也優於非立法型,顯見思考風格對創新行為模式確有干擾效果存在。基於研究發現,本研究進一步提出理論與實務意涵以供人力資源發展學術界及實務界之參考。
To maintain the competitive advantage in the modern society, enterprises have to put out new products constantly. However, the key to success of innovation doesn’t lie in products but in employees’ innovative behaviors. R & D employees’ innovative behaviors are not only the power of product innovations but also the critical factors for developing organizational competitive advantages. Therefore, companies have to develop R & D employees’ innovative behaviors if they would like to improve their innovative performance. The purposes of this study are to test the innovative behavior model and to explore the moderating effect of thinking style to innovative behavior model.
Study samples include the companies of the hi-tech industry in Hsinchu Science-Based Industrial Park and Tainan Science-Based Industrial Park. The survey method was used to collect data. The researcher sampled 46 companies and got 541 effective questionnaires. The rate of retrieve is 26.26%. The study used SPSS to do data analysis to describe the sample structure and used LISREL to the test theoretical model.
The result found that the baseline model had a good model fit. On the analysis of the moderating effect of thinking style to the innovative behavior model, there was a problem of offending estimation on the group of non-legislative thinking style. By contrast, the model of the group of legislative thinking style had a good model it. Besides, the standard coefficients are all significant. The study concluded that the thinking style had a moderating effect to the innovative behavior model. Basing on the result, the theoretical and practical implications were proposed.
(誌謝) ………………………………………………………
中文摘要 ……………………………………………………… i
英文摘要 ……………………………………………………… ii
目 次 ……………………………………………………… iii
表 次 ……………………………………………………… v
圖 次 ……………………………………………………… viii
第壹章 緒論………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景…………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究問題陳述……………………………………… 3
第三節 研究目的…………………………………………… 5
第四節 研究之重要性……………………………………… 6
第貳章 文獻探討…………………………………………… 8
第一節 社會認知理論……………………………………… 8
第二節 創新行為模式……………………………………… 13
第三節 創新行為…………………………………………… 16
第四節 組織創新氣候……………………………………… 19
第五節 人際互動品質……………………………………… 24
第六節 主管角色期望……………………………………… 29
第七節 思考風格…………………………………………… 32
第八節 研究命題推演……………………………………… 40
第九節 概念模式…………………………………………… 51
第參章 研究設計…………………………………………… 52
第一節 研究對象與步驟…………………………………… 52
第二節 操作型定義、研究假設及假設模式……………… 57
第三節 研究工具…………………………………………… 61
第四節 資料分析…………………………………………… 73
第肆章 研究結果…………………………………………… 76
第一節 基底模式檢定……………………………………… 76
第二節 跨群體模式檢定…………………………………… 88
第三節 研究假設檢定結果………………………………… 96
第四節 研究討論…………………………………………… 100
第伍章 結論與建議………………………………………… 107
第一節 研究結論…………………………………………… 107
第二節 研究意涵…………………………………………… 110
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議………………………… 116
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………… 118
附錄一 問卷初稿…………………………………………… 128
附錄二 專家效度審核……………………………………… 134
附錄三 正式問卷…………………………………………… 143
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