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研究生:曾献能
研究生(外文):Hsien-Neng Tseng
論文名稱:有效利用電源延長感測系統網路存活時間
論文名稱(外文):An Efficient Power Management Policy to Extend Lifetime in Sensor Network
指導教授:柯仁松
指導教授(外文):Ren-Song Ko
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:資訊工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:40
中文關鍵詞:感測網路電源管理存活時間
外文關鍵詞:Sensor NetworkPowerLifetime
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本篇論文主要提出一個可以在感測網路的環境中,可以讓所有的感測裝置延長更多的存活時間。當我們需要去偵測某個環境下的整體壓力、溫度等等資訊,我們可以透過感測裝置所測得的資訊來做分析。而這時候我們所需要的資料並不需要到完整的100%的涵遢d圍下,就可以得到所偵測區域中的溫度或壓力的資訊。而這邊我所用到的方法只需要很簡單的感測裝置,來做分析。我們只用到了感測裝置臨近點的資訊,還有其臨近點的臨近點資訊,來做計算它們之間的相關性有多大,以達到我們所要關閉的感測裝置來達到省電的作用。這樣的話我們的結果會比對照的方法還有更長的存活時間,而限定的涵遢d圍內也比對方好,對照的實驗方法中有另外加了定位的能力在感測裝置。而我們的方法中並不需要多加這樣的弁鉥N能達到比對照組還要強的效果。
In this paper, we present an algorithm to extend the sensor network system lifetime on maintaining constrain coverage percentage. If we want to sense a area temperature or pressure, we don’t get the total information at 100% coverage. We can use less than 100% coverage information to figure out that area temperature or pressure. In this paper, we only need basic sensor nodes, which consist of communication unit, process unit, and power unit. We only let the sensor nodes which one is its neighbors’ neighbor. We process the sensor nodes with its neighbors’ relationship. Then, we can let its relationship nodes to be turned off itself to save energy. So, the system lifetime can extend. In extend-LEACH, he use the location system on the sensor nodes. He must know to sensor nodes’ location. The sensor nodes should process complexly. Then, his algorithm is turned off some off-duty nodes. We can find out our algorithm is better than extend-LEACH to extend system lifetime.
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Application 1
1.3 Related Work 5
2. Relationship nodes scheduling 12
2.1 Problem 12
2.2 Ideas 12
2.3 Define 13
2.4 Algorithm 15
3. Simulation and Results 21
3.1 Simulation 21
4. Conclusion 28
4.1 Discuss 28
4.2 Future Work 28
Reference 29
[1]Di Tian , Nicolas D. Georganas, “A coverage-preserving node scheduling scheme for large wireless sensor networks”, Proceedings of the 1st ACM international workshop on Wireless sensor networks and applications, September 28-28, 2002, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
[2]Ren C. Luo, Liang Chao Tu, Ogst Chen, “An Efficient Dynamic Power Management Policy on Sensor Network”, 19th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA'05) Volume 2 (INA,, USW,, WAMIS,, and IPv6 papers)
[3]Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman , Anantha Chandrakasan , Hari Balakrishnan, “Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Microsensor Networks”, Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences-Volume 8, p.8020, January 04-07, 2000
[4]Vivek P. Mhatre, Catherine Rosenberg, Daniel Kofman Ravi Mazumdar Ness Shroff, “A Minimum Cost Heterogeneous Sensor Network with a Lifetime Constraint”, Published by the IEEE CS, CASS ComSoc, IES & SPS
[5]Xiaorui Wang, Guoliang Xing, Yuanfang Zhang, Chenyang Lu, Robert Pless, Chirstopher Gill, “Integrated Coverage and Connectivity Configuration in Wireless Sensor Networks”, published by Sensys’03, November 5-7, 2003, Los Angeles, California, USA.
[6]I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cayirciet, “A Survey on Sensor Network”, IEEE Magazine, Vol.40, pp.102-144, August 2002.
[7]Qiangfeng Jiang, D. Manivannan, “Routing Protocols for Sensor Networks”, published by Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, 2004. CCNC 2004. First IEEE
[8]Chen, J., Guan, Y., Pooch, U., “Customizing a geographical routing protocol for wireless sensor networks”, published by Information Technology: Coding and Computing, 2005. ITCC 2005. International Conference on, Vol.2, pp. 586-591 4-6 April 2005.
[9]I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su*, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, E. Cayirci,” Wireless sensor networks: a survey“, Received 12 December 2001; accepted 20 December 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
[10]B. Chen, K. Jamieson, H. Balakrishnana, R. Morris, Span: “An Energy-Efficient Coordination Algorithm for Topology Maintenance in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks”, MOBICOM’01,2001.
[11]D. Estrin, R. Govindan, J. Heidemann, S. Kumar, Next century challenges: scalable coordination in sensor networks, ACM MobiCom’99, Washingtion, USA, 1999, pp. 263–270.
[12]A. Chandrakasan, R. Amirtharajah, S. Cho, J. Goodman, G. Konduri, J. Kulik, W. Rabiner, A. Wang, Design considerations for distributed micro-sensor systems, Proceedings of the IEEE 1999 Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, San Diego, CA, May 1999, pp. 279–286.
[13]Y. Xu, J. Heidemann, D. Estrin, Adaptive Energy-Conserving Routing for Multihop Ad hoc Networks, Technical Report 527, USC/ISI, Oct.2000
[14]Y. Xu, J. Heidemann, D. Estrin, Geography-informed Energy Conservation for Ad Hoc Routing, MOBICOM’01, 2001.
[15]F. Ye, G. Zhong, S. Lu, L. Zhang, Energy Efficient Robust Sensing Coverage in Large Sensor Networks, Technical Report.
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