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研究生:林德潤
研究生(外文):Te-jun Lin
論文名稱:可攜式低必v音訊播放器設計
論文名稱(外文):Low Power Design and Realization of Audio Decoders for Portable Multimedia Player Applications
指導教授:郭峻因
指導教授(外文):Jiun-In Guo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:資訊工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:音訊
外文關鍵詞:Audio
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本篇論文主要目的是實作一個可攜式低必v音訊播放器,在達到低必v設計的概念上,我們是利用軟體最佳化來降低CPU工作頻率,進而達成低必v的設計目標。本論文之實作的平台有UniRISC與ARM7TDMI,其操作頻率均為200MHz,我們將取得的來源程式碼整合於上述兩個平台,透過初步數據分析來得知程式執行時所佔週期數多的部份,再透過軟體最佳化以針對這些運算比重大的部份來改善其效能。本論文所提出之改善的方法分成幾個種類,包含採用快速演算法、改進原本的程式寫法、使用inline assembly來撰寫程式以及利用UniRISC的硬體資源提出針對音訊處理加速的指令,採用所提出之方法後,我們統計每個音訊解碼器在不同平台上所實測得到的數據,MP3在UniRISC上增進了15.5%且CPU時脈降到37MHz左右,在ARM上面增進了5.6%且CPU時脈能降到48MHz;MPEG 2/4 AAC在UniRISC上增進了24.6%且CPU時脈降至39MHz,在ARM上增進了42.5%且CPU時脈降到50MHz;OGG在UniRISC上增進了58.1%且CPU時脈降至45MHz,在ARM上改善了54.3%且CPU時脈降至48MHz。大約可以看出經過改善後的解碼器效能,在兩個平台上大多可以在50MHz以下的CPU工作時脈上即時解碼。
This thesis presents an low power design and realization of audio decoders for portable multimedia player applications. We take advantage of the software optimization to reduce CPU’s clock rate and consequently reach the low power design. In this thesis, we carry out our design on UniRISC and ARM7TDMI these two platforms. We also take a profile on the reference software to extract the distribution of computation complexity and then utilize software optimization to improve its efficiency to the part of the large proportion. We propose several kinds of methods that are adopting fast algorithm, amending reference source code, using inline assembly and proposed audio acceleration instructions. After adopting the proposed methods, we gather statistics of every audio decoder at each platform. MP3 has 15.5% and 5.6% enhancement in performance and can execute at 37MHz and 48MHz on UniRISC and ARM7TDMI, respectively. AAC has 24.6% and 42.5% enhancement in performance and can execute at 39MHz and 50MHz on UniRISC and ARM7TDMI, respectively. AAC has 58.1% and 54.3% enhancement in performance and can execute at 45MHz and 48MHz on UniRISC and ARM7TDMI, respectively. Finally, we can achieve real-time decoding with a clock rate less than 50MHz on these two platforms based on our improvement.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1. BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION 1
1.2. DESIGN CHALLENGES 1
1.3. SCOPE OF THE THESIS 2
CHAPTER 2 PREVIOUS WORK 3
2.1. SOFTWARE OPTIMIZATION IN MODERN AUDIO DECODER 3
2.2. UNIRISC PLATFORM 7
2.2.1. RISC in UniCore 7
2.2.2. RISC Function Unit Hardware 8
2.2.3. Software Development Kit 9
2.3. MP3 DECODER 9
2.4. MPEG 2/4 AAC DECODER 21
2.5. OGG DECODER 26
CHAPTER 3 REFERENCE CODE PORTING ON GENERAL PLATFORM 32
3.1. REFERENCE CODE MODIFICATION 32
3.1.1. I/O Rewrite Method 32
3.1.2. Memory Management 35
3.2. VERIFICATION METHOD 37
3.3. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION 39
3.3.1. Test Environment 39
3.3.2. Performance of MP3 Decoder 39
3.3.3. Performance of MPEG 2/4 AAC Decoder 41
3.3.4. Performance of OGG Decoder 42
CHAPTER 4 SOFTWARE OPTIMIZED STRATEGY 45
4.1. IMDCT OPTIMIZATION 45
4.1.1. DCT-based IMDCT 45
4.1.2. FFT-based IMDCT 47
4.2. IMPROVEMENT OF THE CODING STYLE 48
4.2.1. Suitable for Three kind of Decoders 48
4.2.2. Suitable for the Specific Decoder 51
4.3. INLINE ASSEMBLY CODING 52
4.4. PROPOSED AUDIO ACCELERATION INSTRUCTIONS 55
4.5. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION 56
4.3.1. Test Environment 56
4.3.2. Performance of MP3 Decoder 57
4.3.3. Performance of MPEG 2/4 AAC Decoder 59
4.3.4. Performance of OGG Decoder 61
4.6. PERFORMANCE COMPARISON 64
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK 67
5.1. CONCLUSION 67
5.2. FUTURE WORK 68
REFERENCE 69
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