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研究生:鍾昇文
研究生(外文):Sheng-Wen Chung
論文名稱:並聯式車用氙燈驅動器
論文名稱(外文):A Parallel Type of HID-Lamp Electronic Ballast
指導教授:吳財福
指導教授(外文):T.-F. Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:電機工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:氙燈電子安定器
外文關鍵詞:HID-LampElectronic Ballast
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:364
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:64
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
一直以來,在HID燈驅動器市場上,大家所熟知的都是串聯式電子安定器。雖然串聯式驅動器有著架構簡單、設計上較為容易的優點,但是仍然存在著一些限制,包括:持弧電流必須流經啟動器之高壓變壓器二次側、或者需要二段式升壓、起弧後產生的大電流將會流經全橋換流器、以及在全橋換流器與高壓變壓器二次側之間需要一組設計精良的L-C濾波器。本論文提出一並聯式車用氙燈驅動器,除了能夠避免上述的情形,還能有效的驅動燈管。本系統之主要架構為由兩組返馳式轉換器、一組高壓點火電路以及一組全橋換流器所組成。此外,為了簡化電路的的複雜度,使用一微處理器作為系統控制核心,並於穩態時迴授燈管電壓及電流做定必v控制。本論文以35 W的車用氙燈進行量測分析,並由實驗證明此並聯架構的可行性。
It has been for a long time that in commercial product, only was a series type of HID-lamp ballasts available. Although it has the merit of simple circuit configuration, there still exist limitations, such as high conduction loss on the secondary winding of the ignitor transformer or requiring a two-stage ignitor design, high follow-up current flowing through the full-bridge switches, and requiring a sophisticated L-C filter located between the full-bridge inverter and the igniter winding. This paper presents a parallel type of electronic ballast, which can release the aforementioned limitations. Additionally, performance comparison between these two types of ballasts will be also presented.
The driving system mainly includes two flyback converters, an ignition circuit, and a full bridge inverter. In addition, to simplify the circuit, a microcontroller is adopted as the system controller. Experimental results measured from a prototype of 35 W Xenon-lamp ballast have verified the feasibility of the proposed parallel type of ballast.
目 錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目 錄 iii
圖 目 錄 vi
表 目 錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究方法與系統簡介 2
1-3 論文大綱 3
第二章 氙燈構造與特性 5
2-1 氙燈構造 5
2-2 氙燈發光特性 7
2-3音頻共振問題 8
2-4討論 11
第三章 驅動系統 12
3-1 系統架構 12
3-2 必v調節電路 14
3-2-1 返馳式轉換器動作原理 14
3-2-2 電流模式控制 20
3-3 全橋換流器 22
3-4 高壓點火電路 25
3-4-1 串聯點火電路介紹 27
3-4-2 並聯點火電路介紹 29
3-4-3 串並聯點火電路優缺點比較 30
3-5 討論 33
第四章 點燈流程與控制電路 35
4-1 系統控制IC介紹 35
4-1-1 中央處理單元 36
4-1-2 記憶體單元 37
4-1-3輸入/出單元 37
4-1-4 類比/數位轉換單元 37
4-1-5 計時單元與CCP模組單元 38
4-2 點燈流程分析 39
4-3 控制電路設計 44
4-4 討論 50
第五章 硬體電路製作與量測 51
5-1 系統電路製作 51
5-1-1 電壓崩潰階段 53
5-1-2 輝光放電階段 54
5-1-3 輝光轉弧光階段 55
5-1-4 弧光放電階段 56
5-2 冷啟動量測 57
5-3 熱啟動量測 60
5-4 實務考量 62
5-4-1 必v電晶體並聯應用 62
5-4-2 必v電晶體驅動電路考量 62
5-4-3 零件繡m與電路佈線考量 64
5-5 系統熱源分佈 66
5-6 討論 67
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 71
6-1 結論 71
6-2 未來研究方向 72
參考文獻 73
參考文獻
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