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研究生:高惠瑜
論文名稱:火害分析技術之比對分析與應用研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Simulation Model for Fire Hazard Analysis Techniques
指導教授:簡賢文簡賢文引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:消防科學研究所
學門:軍警國防安全學門
學類:警政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:油池火災油槽火災熱輻射安全距離
相關次數:
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摘要

隨著現代工業的迅速發展、都市化之趨勢、人口稠密、土地高度開發利用,使得災害日益頻繁及嚴重,尤以近年來陸續發生數起重大火災、爆炸災害。為有效降低災害所造成的損失,應採用科學化的分析來研究災害之危險要因。油槽區為工業重大危險源之一,一旦發生火災將給人民生命和財產造成巨大損失。油槽火災是油池火災的典型形式之一,在過去的幾十年,許多學者對油池火災的燃燒特性,以及室內油池火災和開放環境中油池火災的機制、物理特徵、災害模擬計算做了較多的研究工作,研究重點大都集中在油池火災的燃燒過程,火災特性和火焰熱輻射等方面。對於油池火災的研究,可以為油槽事故預防和控制提供重要的理論依據。因此本文從以下幾個方面進行了研究。
在整理前人對於油池火災研究工作的基礎上,分析了油池火災的主要參數,如:火焰高度、火焰傾斜角度及熱輻射等。並以汽油為例,將油池火災的熱輻射作用以單罐燃燒情況與洩漏所導致的油池火災進行分析計算。
利用已有的實驗結果和關係模型的計算結果來驗證模擬結果,結果顯示,模擬結果與實驗結果及關係模型預測結果基本吻合。在此基礎上,利用KAMELEON FireEx模擬軟體,對油池火災的輻射熱分佈進行模擬分析。根據點源模型和圓柱狀火焰模型與KAMELEON FireEx模擬結果,利用熱輻射破壞準則,分別對油池火災環境下儲槽事故的安全距離進行了計算和分析。


關鍵詞:油池火災、油槽火災、熱輻射、安全距離



Abstract

The industrialization, urbanization, dense population, and excessive land use all together lead to more frequently and seriously disasters, especially fire and explosion cases. In order to decrease the loss effectively, it is necessary to analyze the critical factors of disasters scientifically. The area of tanks storing flammable liquid is one of the major hazards in industrial park. Tank fires often results in enormous casualty and loss of property. Tank fires are typical pool fires. In the past decades, many scholars carry out a lot of work on the burning characteristics, mechanism, physical characteristics and disaster simulation calculation of indoor and outdoor pool fires. Most researches focus on burning process, fire behavior and thermal radiation of the flames. The studies of pool fires can provide theoretical instruction on prevention and control of tank accidents. In this thesis, the research is conducted as following:
Base of the studies done by predecessors, some important parameters of pool fires are analyzed, such as flame height, environment speed, diameter of pool fire and flame height. Thermal radiation of a gasoline tank fire and gasoline pool fires resulted from leakage are analyzed respectively.
The results of simulation have been compared with the existent experimental data and related model, and show good agreements. On this basis, the thermal radiation on pool fires is simulated and analyzed by KAMELEON FireEx. The safety distance on pool fire condition are calculated according to the destroy rules of thermal radiation.


KEYWORDS: Pool fire, Tank fire, Thermal radiation, Safety distance
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三、日文部分
1.上原陽一、小川輝繁,防火・防爆対策技術ハンドブック,2004.09
四、網頁部分
1.失敗知識データベース:
http://shippai.jst.go.jp/fkd/Detail?fn=0&id=CB0021001&,2005.11
2.工業技術研究院環境與安全衛生技術發展中心事故資庫:
http://w3.itri.org.tw/accident/index.htm,2006.02
3.中油油品行銷事業部之物質安全資料:
http://www.cpctmtd.com.tw/U003-98-safety.htm,2006.02
4. www.yuntech.edu.tw/~uec/CCH.files/class/ppt/12-2.PPT,2005.12
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