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研究生:程志強
論文名稱:傅立葉轉換顯微紅外光譜法對碳粉之鑑析
論文名稱(外文):Characterization of toners by micro/FTIR
指導教授:卓琍玲卓琍玲引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:鑑識科學研究所
學門:軍警國防安全學門
學類:警政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:187
中文關鍵詞:鑑識科學傅立葉轉換顯微紅外線光譜儀衰減式全反射法反射-吸收法紅外光譜學可疑文書碳粉影印機印表機
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:23
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中文摘要

印刷文件在許多涉及文書的犯罪案件中多屬於關鍵證物,犯嫌已知筆跡可經由鑑定而個化,所以使用影印或列印文件來隱藏個化特徵,分析文件上的碳粉,可用來追溯製作文件的來源或機型。此外,便利商店、學校、購物中心及百貨公司也提供顧客自助的影印服務。因為文件影印容易,涉及恐嚇、詐欺、偽造貨幣、詐領保險金、匿名信、機密圖案等案件由此而生。

在刑事鑑識的領域中,我們已知可以利用物理或化學方法來分析碳粉,本論文係探討以傅立葉轉換顯微紅外線光譜儀(Microspectroscopy, FTIR)衰減式全反射法(Attenuated Total Reflectance, ATR)分析碳粉之可行性,並討論能否以該鑑析方式區別出不同廠牌、機型間碳粉之異同。繼而蒐集市售之碳粉,建立本土相關資料庫,供日後鑑驗、比對。

本研究樣品涵蓋市售影印機、印表機共140組機型原廠碳粉所製作之樣紙為主(包含7-11、OK、全家及萊爾富四大便利商店現行使用之碳粉型號),分析140組機型原廠碳粉中代表市售多數機型的49種不同的碳粉可細分為25個群組,此法有高的鑑別力。研究不同廠牌之碳粉與相同廠牌不同機型間產生文件之差異,期建立分析碳粉之方法。然而,此項技術僅止於類化,若能使用輔助方法,如熱裂解氣相層析法(Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography)、拉曼光譜法(Raman Spectroscopy),可將同一群組碳粉再細分,達到分類或個化之目的,以提供實務單位作為日後犯罪偵查之所需。

Abstract

Photocopies could be found in crime scene as evidences in many criminal cases. The photocopier and printer have largely given way to the use of photocopyes, which offer certain adventages to the criminal. Analysis of toners from a photocopied document gives reproducible results and makes possible differentiation of toner samples obtained from different photocopying machines. In addition, banks, post offices, school, shopping centers, and department stores now make available photocopying machines for self-service use by clients. As a result of this increased ease with which documents can be copied, there has been a shift in the way falsified documents and anonymous letters are being constructed.

In forensic science, toners can be examined to specify the product and its manufacturer. A variety of physical or chemical methods could be used to analysis photocopy toners. In this study, 49 photocopy toners are analyzed by ATR microspectroscopy.

Photocopies from 140 different photocopying machines which can be classified into 49 different toners were obtained from different company representatives in Taiwan( Including toners used in 7-11, OK, FamilyMart, and Hi-Life convenient stores ). In this study, we set up a systemic non-destruction forensic analysis method to analyze toners. The results showed that it is possible to characterize the sources of unknown toner samples by this technique. 49 toners can be identified into 25 groups. Toner material may be scraped from documents for further analyses, for example, by pyrolysis gas chromatography or raman spectroscopy, the results could be of assistance in criminal investigation in Taiwan.
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