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研究生:蔡秋慧
研究生(外文):Tsai-Chiu Hui
論文名稱:結合排程網圖與電腦模擬工具求解資源限制排程
論文名稱(外文):Integrate Scheduling Networks with Simulation for Scheduling with Resource Constraints
指導教授:鄭道明鄭道明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tao-ming Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:營建工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:資源指派模擬排程系統電腦模擬
外文關鍵詞:resource assignment simulationscheduling systemcomputer simulation system
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傳統排程網圖技術-要徑法(Critical Path Method, CPM)係應用網路分析技巧表示施工計畫細節,發展迄今已成為營建工程領域中最普遍的排程規劃技術,但要徑法仍存在著無法考慮機率性作業需時與多類型資源限制指派之缺陷,導致無法有效針對工程進行施工前分析,而於事前獲知有效率的資源安排與流程規劃。
因此,本研究結合傳統排程網圖與電腦模擬程式之應用,發展一CPM/CYCLONE網圖資訊自動轉換機制與CYCLONE網圖之浮時演算機制,並將其與電腦模擬工具-COST整合,命名為CPM-COST,求解機率需時下資源限制排程之問題。
且透過實際工程案例分析驗證CPM-COST之可行性,求得各資源組合所相對之生產速率、作業浮時及要徑,具體分析多資源組合之數量增減情況下,專案成本與生產速率之相互關係,篩選出以工期或成本為衡量指標之最佳五組資源組合,提供排程者於資源指派與流程規劃之建議與參考。
Critical Path Method (CPM) is one of the most frequently used scheduling techniques. Therefore, most of the construction project planners/engineers or managers adopt CPM to draw schedule network. In addition, many kinds of commercial scheduling software also integrate CPM into their system. Despite its popularity, there are several drawbacks for employing CPM technique or network in the analysis of construction processes. One of the defects is that people could not use CPM to examine the effect such as lowering project cost or compressing project duration by testing different resource combinations. Although through the progress of information technology, commercial scheduling software such Microsoft Project and Primavera P3 provides the function that allow user to input resource requirement in CPM network and then calculate the project duration. However, the commercial software still lack of the capability to find the best resource utilization of the construction operation if there are many resource combinations can be tested.
On the other hand, computer simulation techniques are good at performing such analysis. As a result, many researches are dedicated in the enhancement of the capability for computer simulation technique providing the function of optimizing resource utilizations for the construction system. However, computer simulation systems such as MicroCYCLONE, COOPS or STROBOSCOPE often require user to learn their modeling elements and thus establish modeling network to be run in the simulation systems. To successfully running simulation, the modeling network has to be built as precise as possible. An obstacle for project planner to use simulation technique to optimize the resource assignments is that they are lacking of simulation modeling skills. Since most planners are familiar with the use of CPM technique, this research is aiming at developing computer program that allows users input information as they apply in CPM and then transfers CPM network to simulation model.
This research uses COST (Construction Operations Simulation Tool) simulation system whose development is supported by national science council as the platform and establish an interface that allow users to input information as they usually do for commercial scheduling software. The new system should transfer input information into simulation model automatically and then run simulation. The results obtained from running simulation will then be used for deciding the projection duration as well as what resource combination should be selected to reflect the duration decided.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章、緒論 1
1.1、研究問題說明與目的 1
1.2、研究方法與流程 3
1.3、論文架構 6
第二章、文獻回顧 8
2.1、排程網圖技術-要徑法發展與應用之文獻回顧 8
2.2、電腦模擬發展與應用之文獻回顧 10
2.3、要徑法結合電腦模擬應用之文獻回顧 15
第三章、相關理論與程式軟體介紹 18
3.1、CYCLONE理論簡介 18
3.1.1、CYCLONE理論之基本符號與使用原則 18
3.1.2、CYCLONE理論之元件接連關係與編號原則 21
3.2、營建作業模擬軟體(COST)簡介 22
第四章、演算機制與程式介紹 26
4.1、演算機制說明 26
4.2、程式應用說明 36
4.2.1、程式使用流程 36
第五章、案例驗證 41
5.1、實際工程案例 41
5.1.1、工程案例說明 41
5.1.2、推進工法作業流程說明 41
5.1.3、案例之作業、資源參數說明 44
5.1.4、模擬分析説明 47
5.2、小結 52
第六章、結論與未來研究方向 54
6.1、結論 54
6.2、未來研究方向 56
參考文獻 58
附錄 63
中文部分
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英文部分
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