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研究生:謝雲全
研究生(外文):Yun-chuan Hsieh
論文名稱:GPS接收儀天線相位中心改正的影響之研究-以LeicaSR399、Trimble5700為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Influence of Antenna''s Phase Center of GPS Receive For Leica SR399、Trimble 5700
指導教授:陳清標陳清標引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-biao Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:環境資訊科技研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:天線相位中心全球衛星定位系統Bernese軟體計算
外文關鍵詞:Antenna''s phase centerGPSBernese
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全球衛星定位系統(GPS)在測量研究方面的應用已經相當廣泛,如何提升GPS定位精度一直是專家學者著重的地方,為達到此目標,本研究應用設於逢甲大學的短基線,來探討GPS接收儀的天線相位中心。本研究方法為在各校正基點位置整置GPS天線及雙頻衛星接收儀,接收完整觀測資料後,以Bernese軟體進行基線解算,分別推得未加入天線相位中心改正與加入天線相位中心改正每個時段各校正基點座標。藉著這些研究,進而分析GPS觀測資料與基線解算精度之相關性,天線相位中心水平偏移與垂直偏移之影響,進而提昇GPS量測之精度。本研究結果證明,對Leica SR399與Trimble 5700兩款不同廠牌不同型天線進行同步觀測時,若不進行天線相位中心改正,會有最大8mm的誤差值。
Global Positioning System already quite was widespread in the survey research aspect application, how promoted the GPS pointing accuracy always was experts'' emphatically place. For achieved this goal, this research application supposed to the FCU''s short baseline, discussed the antenna''s phase center of the GPS receiver. This research technique for entire sets at the GPS antenna and the double frequency receiver in each adjustment baseline point position. After observed, carries on the baseline solution by the Bernese software to calculate, separately is considered as has not joined the antenna phase center with joins the antenna phase center each time interval each adjustment baseline point. Affiliation these research, is analyzing the GPS observed data and the baseline solution calculated relevance of the precision, Obtains influence of the antenna phase center horizontal and vertical offset, then promotes the GPS precision in the survey. This result of study is proved, there is error value of the biggest 8mm if does not calibrate antenna''s phase center for Leica SR399 and Trimble 5700.
中文摘要............................................................................i
英文摘要............................................................................ii
目錄............................................................................iii
圖目錄............................................................................vi
表目錄............................................................................viii
第一章 緒論............................................................................1
1.1 前言............................................................................1
1.2研究動機與目的............................................................................1
1.3 論文架構............................................................................2
第二章 文獻回顧............................................................................3
2.1 國外研究......................................................................................3
2.1.1 實驗室法............................................................................3
2.1.2 檢校場度量法率定相位中心變化....................................3
2.1.3 NGS天線相位中心率定....................................................4
2.1.4 校正橫樑法........................................................................9
2.2 國內研究....................................................................................11
2.2.1 影響GPS天線相位中心偏差檢測之條件因子研究.....11
2.2.2 GPS天線相位中心率定及相位中心改正之研究...........11
第三章 研究原理....................................................................................13
3.1 GPS接收儀天線相位中心特性.................................................13
3.2 GPS天線相位中心位置偏差.....................................................13
3.3 同型天線與不同型天線的差異................................................15
第四章 試驗內容....................................................................................18
4.1 研究區域設計...........................................................................18
4.2 儀器簡介...................................................................................20
4.3 軟體Bernese GPS 資料處理軟體介紹及計算流程...............22
4.4 GPS數據處理採用模式............................................................25
4.5 試驗數據...................................................................................26
4.6 試驗流程...................................................................................27
第五章 試驗結果與分析........................................................................29
5.1 試驗結果...................................................................................29
5.1.1 未加入天線相位中心.....................................................29
5.1.2加入天線相位中心..........................................................33
5.1.3 分析比較.........................................................................36
5.2 個別單型改正...........................................................................40
5.2.1 只改正Trimble 5700接收儀.........................................40
5.2.2 只改正Leica SR399接收儀..........................................43
5.2.3 分析比較.........................................................................47
5.3 研究分析與討論.......................................................................51
第六章 結論與建議................................................................................53
6.1 結論..........................................................................................53
6.2 建議..........................................................................................53
參考文獻..................................................................................................55
1.曾清涼、儲慶美,1999,GPS衛星測量原理與應用第二版,成功大學衛星資訊研究中心,第5-1頁至5-48頁。
2.陳怡兆,1998,GPS天線相位中心率定及相位中心改正研究,國立交通大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
3.李瓊武、葉大綱、王傳盛、張明偉,2002,全球定位系統接收儀校正系統建立之探討,測量工程,第四十四卷第一期第25~26頁。
4.張孝文,2002,影響天線相位中心偏差檢測之條件因子研究,國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
5.工業技術研究院量測技術發展中心,2001,GPS天線相位中心變化及偏移量之研究,國家度量衡標準實驗室運作計畫。
6.蘇偉忠,2005,GPS校正系統之研究,逢甲大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
7.工業技術研究院 量測技術發展中心,Bernese 研究軟體應用及基線解算精度研究,編號:07-3-90-0073
8.Beutler G, E. Brockmann, R. Dach, P. Fridez, W. Gurtner, U. Hugentobler, J. Johnson, L. Mervart, M. Rothacher, S. Schaer, T. Springer, R, Weber, 2000. Bernese GPS Software Version 4.2, Astronomical Institute, University of Bren.
9.Gerald L. Mader, 2001. GPS Antenna Calibration at the National Geodetic Survey, http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/ANTCAL/images/summary.html
10.Imakiire, T., Y. Iimura, S. Saga, H, Morishita, A. Tsuchiya, F. Kuda, S. Ishikawa, and Y Iwayw, 1997. Results of Phase Characteristics Measurements of GPS Receiver Antennas, Journal of the Geodetic Socity of Japan, Vol. 43, No. 2, p.79-90.
11.Gurtner, W., G. Beutler, and M. Roathacher, 1989. Combination of GPS Observation Made with Different Receiver Types, Proceedings of the 5th International Geodetic Symposium on Satellite Positioning, Las Cruces, New Mexico, March 13-17, Vol.1, p.362~374.
12.Mireault, Y., and F. Lahaye, 1993. Evaluation of Inter-receiver Biases Between Ashtech, Leica, Rogue, and Trimble GPS Receiver, EOS Transaction, AUG 1993 Fall Meeting, Vol. 74, No 43, p.197.
13.Rothacher, M., S. Schaer, L. Mervart, and G. Beutler, 1995. Determination of Antenna Phase Center Variations Using GPS Data, in IGS Workshop Proceedings on Speical Topics and New Directions, edited by G. Gendt and G. Dick, p77~92, GeoForschings Zentrum, Potsdam, Germany.
14.Boussaad Akrour, Rock Santerre, Alain Geiger, 2005. Calibrating Antenna Phase Centers - A Tale of Two Methods, GPS World, Feb, 2005.
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