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研究生:廖月禎
研究生(外文):Yue-Jen Liao
論文名稱:無甲醛防縐複合奈米銀離子之機能性棉織物探討
論文名稱(外文):Polycarboxylic Acid/Nano-silver Compound as the Crease-resist/Anti-bacterial Finishing Agent on Cotton
指導教授:廖盛焜
指導教授(外文):Shen-Kun Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:紡織工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:紡織工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:奈米銀抗菌多元羧酸防縐
外文關鍵詞:Polycarboxylic AcidCrease-resistNano-silverAnti-bacterial
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
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  • 下載下載:120
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究主要以多元羧酸為無甲醛交鏈劑,並以奈米銀離子為加工劑,經混合液處理加工,而獲致無甲醛/抗菌之永久免燙棉織物。其中改變黏著劑的種類及奈米銀離子含量;不同光源與光照時間;不同的交鏈劑及含甲醛DMDHEU與濃度等條件進行加工,以探討不同加工條件對棉織物防縐性〔乾縐摺回復角、永久免燙等級(DP)〕、物性〔斷裂/撕裂強力、白度、柔軟度、抗菌(定性)〕。
由實驗結果顯示抗縐角、DP等級隨光照時間、交鏈濃度之增加而提高,銀離子含量則反之;其中以UV光照射60分鐘,其抗縐性為最佳,較一般傳統DMDHEU相抗。黏著劑則以PU有較佳抗菌性,於水洗20次時,抑菌圈達到最為明顯,隨著水洗次數增加至50次時,其抗菌效果有逐漸趨緩的趨勢。在另一方面,棉織物強力、白度皆隨光照時間及多元羧酸與DMDHEU濃度增加時,有明顯地下降趨勢,在強力方面,DMDHEU經熱烘焙後,強力損失於50%以上,多元羧酸則於25%內,多元羧酸強力損失的情形較DMDHEU少一倍;在柔軟度方面則以添加silicone的黏著劑,柔軟度較佳。而FTIR觀察更明顯發現本加工法確實可有效產生酯化交鏈反應。因此,根據以上的實驗結果,在多元羧酸與DMDHEU處理棉織物後,物性皆有顯著提升。所以,多元羧酸應可取代DMDHEU為較健康及溫和的加工劑。
In our research, we try to use polycarboxylic acid (PCA) / nano-silver-ion compound as the non-formaldehyde / anti-bacterial crease-resist finishing agents of cotton. We evaluated the duration of the different type of binders; the content of the nano-silver-ion; the different type of light source; the different periods of the time; the different type of polycarboxylic acids and the different DMDHEU concentrations in our experiments. The dry wrinkle recovery angle, the durable press, the strength, the whiteness and surfacial were all enhanced as the mount of the agents increased. The crease-resist, anti-bacterial activity and duration are also improved after the finishing process.
According to the experimental results, we find that, first, the dry wrinkle recovery angle and the durable press increased as the silver-ion content, lighting time, PCA and DMDHEU concentration increased. On the other hand, PCA-treated samples showed more crease-resist after UV irradiation 60 minutes, than DMHEU. The cotton with the PU binder shows a good anti-bacterial activity after 20 circles of washes. With washing times increased more than 20 circles, anti-bacterial activity had a reduced tendency.
The strength, and whiteness were obviously decreased as the PCA and DMDHEU concentration increased, and so were the lighting time. After treatment with PCA, the reducing in strength is about 25%. It is better than the traditional DMDHEU reagent. With silicone binder adding, we find the surfacials is better than other kinds of binders. And the result of FTIR is the firm evidence that the cotton treated with PCA are formed esterification crosslinking. Therefore, we concluded the physical properties of cotton treated with PCA are much better than treated with DMDHEU. And then polycarboxylic acids are really milder reagent than DMDHEU when they are used in cotton process.
第一章 緒論
前言
1-1 無甲醛防縐加工之背景
1-1-1 游離甲醛的產生
1-1-2 非游離甲醛的產生
1-2 健康織物之背景
1-2-1 奈米及可見光光觸媒概述
1-3 文獻回顧
1-3-1 防縐加工相關研究
1-3-2 抗菌相關研究

第二章 理論
2-1 防縐加工
2-1-1 起縐之原因
2-1-2 抗縐原理
2-1-3 棉織物之乾、濕防縐理論
2-1-4 交鏈加工防縐理論
2-2 奈米之概念
2-2-1 奈米結構
2-3 光觸媒催化理論
2-3-1 光觸媒
2-3-2 光觸媒材料的構成要件
2-3-3 光觸媒的抗菌除臭原理
2-4 奈米銀離子之作用原理
2-4-1 奈米銀離子結構特性
2-4-2 奈米銀離子的抗菌作用
2-4-3 提昇光觸媒於可見光下
2-4-4 奈米光觸媒銀離子特性

第三章 實驗
3-1 實驗材料
3-2 實驗儀器
3-3 實驗步驟及方法
3-3-1 實驗步驟
3-3-2 實驗方法
3-3-2-1 棉織物防縐、抗菌處理法
3-3-2-2 乾縐摺回後角測定
3-3-2-3 織物斷裂強度測試
3-3-2-4 織物撕裂強度測試
3-3-2-5 織物白度測試
3-3-2-6 45°懸衍式柔軟度測試
3-3-2-7 永久免燙等級
3-3-2-8 抗菌性(定性)
3-3-2-9 紅外線吸收光譜分析(FTIR)
3-3-2-10 粒徑分析儀
3-3-2-11 掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)

第四章 實驗結果與討論
4-1 不同加工材料與織物防縐性及物性的關係
4-1-1 黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子用量對棉織物防縐性之影響
4-1-2 黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子稀釋倍率對棉織物白度之影響
4-1-3 黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子用量對棉織物強度之影響
4-1-4 黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子用量對棉織物柔軟度之影響
4-1-5 黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子用量對棉織物抗菌性之影響
4-1-6 黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子用量經水洗20次對棉織物抗菌性之影響
4-1-7黏著劑種類及奈米銀離子用量經不同水洗次數對棉織物抗菌性之影響
4-2 不同照光條件對棉織物防縐性及物性關係
4-2-1 不同波長照射與時間對棉織物防縐性之影響
4-2-2 不同波長照射與時間對棉織物白度之影響
4-2-3 不同波長照射與時間對棉織物強力之影響
4-2-4 不同波長照射與時間對棉織物柔軟度之影響
4-2-5 不同波長照射與時間對棉織物抗菌性之影響
4-2-6 不同波長照射與時間經水洗20次對棉織物抗菌性之影響
4-3 奈米銀離子複合不同多元羧酸與DMDHEU及濃度對棉織物防縐性及物性關係
4-3-1 奈米銀離子複合多元羧酸與DMDHEU對棉織物防縐性之影響
4-3-2 奈米銀離子複合多元羧酸與DMDHEU對棉織物白度之影響
4-3-3 奈米銀離子複合多元羧酸與DMDHEU對棉織物強力之影響
4-3-4 奈米銀離子複合多元羧酸與DMDHEU對棉織物柔軟度之影響
4-3-5 奈米銀離子複合多元羧酸與DMDHEU對棉織物抗菌性之影響
4-3-6 奈米銀離子複合多元羧酸與DMDHEU經水洗20次對棉織物抗菌之影響
4-4 FTIR官能基定性分析及酯化交鏈反應探討影響
4-5 電子顯微鏡進行棉織物表觀分析

第五章 結論
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