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研究生:袁欣華
研究生(外文):Hsin-Hua Yuan
論文名稱:利用聲部結構於多音音樂之比對與排序
論文名稱(外文):Pattern Matching and Ranking with Voice Structure in Polyphonic Music Databases
指導教授:徐嘉連徐嘉連引用關係
指導教授(外文):JIA-LIEN HSU
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:32
中文關鍵詞:多音音樂資訊檢索聲部切割演算法音樂不相似度音樂排序
外文關鍵詞:polyphonic music information retrievalvoice segment algorithmmusic dissimilaritymusic rankingalready
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  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:253
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  • 下載下載:19
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
近年來關於內涵式音樂資訊查詢(content-based music information retrieval)的研究已提出許多演算法,研究領域也從過去的單音音樂資料庫發展至多音音樂資料庫。在現存的多音音樂資訊檢索(polyphonic music information retrieval)中,大部分都是以計算音高與音長之絕對位置,與所欲查詢之旋律比對的方式來做音樂搜尋,此種方法雖能夠尋找出相似的答案,卻忽略了音樂結構的重要性,也就是聲部(voice)的概念。所謂聲部的概念即為當多音音樂旋律在進行時,曲子是由多個單音音樂旋律所組成或者是具有一主旋律。因此若查詢出的結果分佈於不同的聲部中,其相似度就會相對較低。本篇論文主要針對多音音樂資料庫,以單音音樂去做查詢。首先,針對音樂聲部結構的分佈進行剖析,透過不相似度與聲部值的計算,將查詢結果做更為合理的排序。最後,本論文並根據所提之演算法實作兩系統:聲部值計算系統、查詢與排序系統。
The research about content-based music information retrieval has already proposed a lot of perform algorithms in recent years, and the research issues develops the polyphonic music database at the most from the monophonic music database. The ways to search from polyphonic music database by matching melody are to calculate the absolute position of pitch and duration in extant many polyphonic music information retrieval. This kind of method can look out for the similar answer, but it has neglected music structural that is the concept of voice. The concept of what is called voice is when music melody of many sound is going on, the song consists of a lot of monotony music melodies or have one theme. So if inquire the result published is distributed in different voice, its similar degree will be relatively low. This paper deals with the monophonic music matching to the polyphonic music database. First of all, analyze to the distribution of the voice structure , pass the dissimilarity and voice value, will inquire that does more rational sequencing in result. Finally, we combine and function as two systems in fact according to algorithms of performing proposed: Make Voice System(MVS) and Query and Ranking System(QRS).
摘要…………………………………………………………………………… i
1. 序論………………………………………………………………… 1
2. 文獻探討…………………………………………………………… 4
3. MusicXML………………………………………………………… 7
3.1 MusicXML簡介…………………………………………………… 7
3.2 MusicXML 標籤(MusicXML tag)…………………………… 9
4. 問題定義…………………………………………………………… 13
4.1 系統架構…………………………………………………………… 13
4.2 音樂表示法………………………………………………………… 14
5. 演算法……………………………………………………………… 17
5.1 聲部切割演算法(Voice segment algorithm)………………17
5.2 音樂不相似度(Music Dissimilarity)…………………………22
5.3 音樂排序(Music Ranking)…………………………………24
6. 系統實作…………………………………………………………………25
6.1 聲部值計算系統…………………………………………………25
6.2 查詢與排序系統…………………………………………………26
7. 結論與未來工作……………………………………………………29
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………30
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