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研究生:高建文
研究生(外文):KaoJan-Wen
論文名稱:酒精混合MTBE之汽油燃燒特性研究
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Alcohol Blending with MTBE on the Gasoline Combustion Characteristics
指導教授:吳澤松
指導教授(外文):Tser-Son Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:崑山科技大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:油耗引擎性能生質酒精排氣污染
外文關鍵詞:engine performanceexhaust emissionfuel consumptionbio-alcohol
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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在考慮環境保護及能源需求的因素下,生質酒精可適用於汽車引擎,可做為汽車之替代燃料。本研究係以TOYOYA 4AFE引擎進行替代燃料試驗,以不同比例含氧油料MTBE及酒精摻配汽油中,探討油品對引擎性能、油耗及排氣污染之影響。
由試驗結果可知:
基礎油料摻配含氧油料後,其辛烷值會增加,但是熱值卻隨之降低,因此,含氧油料之最大燃燒壓力會比基礎油低;由CO的廢氣分析結果可知,CO排放量會隨油門開度增加而降低,而在高轉速2500rpm時,含氧燃料HC的排放量均會較低,含氧燃料的NO排放量均比基礎油低。
In considering environment and energy requirement, bio-alcohol is an attractive alternative fuel for automobile. The effects of alcohol blending with MTBE on the TOYOYA 4AFE gasoline engine combustion characteristics were investigated. The engine performances, fuel consumptions and exhaust emissions were also studied.
The test results showed that:
MTBE and alcohol could increase fuel octane number and decrease heating value. Combustion pressures for oxygenated fuels were lower than base fuel. CO emissions were decreased with increasing throttle open angle. HC emissions were low for oxygenated fuel at 2500rpm. A lower NO emissions were measured for oxygenated fuels.
目 錄
中 文 摘 要 i
英 文 摘 要 ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表 目 錄 vii
圖 目 錄 ix
相片目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.2.1 國外之研究文獻 3
1.2.2 國內之研究文獻 10
1.3 世界各國生質油的發展趨勢與現況 10
1.3.1 國內外甲基第三丁基醚運作現況 10
1.3.2 國外MTBE運作現況 11
1.3.3 國內MTBE運作現況 13
1.3.4 美國車用乙醇汽油技術現況 20
1.3.5 巴西車用乙醇汽油技術現況 22
1.3.6 加拿大車用乙醇汽油技術現況 23
1.3.7 中國大陸車用乙醇汽油技術現況 23
1.4 研究目的 27
1.4.1 在環境保護方面 28
1.4.2 在替代傳統石化能源方面 28
第二章 MTBE及乙醇之介紹 29
2.1 MTBE之介紹 29
2.1.1 MTBE之物理化學性質 29
2.1.2 MTBE對人體健康之影響 29
2.1.3 MTBE在環境中的流佈 31
2.1.4添加MTBE對引擎排放廢氣之影響 32
2.2乙醇介紹 33
2.2.1乙醇製程 33
2.2.2乙醇之介紹 34
2.2.3 乙醇生產現況 38
2.2.4汽油添加劑之品質特性 43
2.2.5汽油主要成份及對引擎性能之影響 46
2.2.6汽油含氧添加劑產能產量供應可行性 54
第三章 實驗設備與方法 59
3.1實驗設備 61
3.2實驗方法 67
第四章 實驗結果與討論 69
4-1 油品分析 69
4.1.1 辛烷值分析 69
4.1.2 淨熱值分析 70
4.1.3 雷氏蒸氣壓分析 71
4.1.4 密度分析 72
4.1.5 含氧量分析 73
4-2 馬力分析 74
4.3 引擎油耗分析 76
4.4 引擎燃燒壓力分析 78
4.5 廢氣分析 83
4.5.1 CO排氣污染分析 83
4.5.2 HC排氣污染分析 85
4.5.3 NO排氣污染分析 87
第五章 結論與建議 89
5.1 結論 89
5.2 建議 89
參考文獻 90
自傳 95
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